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J. J. Upchuech, 




Father J. J. Upchurch, 

Founder of the 


Written by Himself. 



Revised and Edited by 


San P^rancisco, Cal. 

Sold for the Benefit of Widow Tpchurcli and Family 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1887, nv 

/. /. UPCHURCH atid A. T. DEIVEV, 
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 

[Stereotyped Edition.] 


Steelville, Mo., August 30, 1886. 
To My Children of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen: — 

/] S I grow in years my heart seems to expand with 
gratitude to the Creator that I should be selected 
before all others to promulgate and put in practice the 
principles of our noble Order. 

I am truly thankful for the thought that has been the 
meajis of orgatiizing an Order that has carried relief 
to thousands of the widoivs and orphaits of our deceased 
brothers. Poverty and degradation have been driven 
from their doors, and the standard of Hope and Pro- 
tection erected iji their stead. 

Men are made better by assembling together in our 
Lodge rooms, where the true principles of fraternity 
are taught. We meet on a common platform of equality 
as all brothers shoidd, arid try to instill into each other's 
minds high and noble aspirations. 

Now, let me, as the Father of the Order, — and it 

may be for the last time, — make an earnest request that 

Oo all arouse from the lethargy we have fallen into. Let 

^ us go to work with renewed energy in building tip our 

A "Father's" Blessing. 

beloved Order to thai standard she is destined to attain^ 
both in numbers and acts of charity. 

Let me impress npon yotir minds the importance of 
using every honorable means to induce good and true 
'}nen to unite with us in protecting the widozv and 
orphan from the cold charities of a Jieartless world. 

Let us try to educate them to look forward to a high 
and noble purpose. 

Do this, and you have, in a great measure, fulfilled 
the Jioble design of the Creator in placing man upon earth. 

This work has been written^ believing that my fra- 
ternal children woidd like to know more of my early 
history, trials, etc. 

It has been my earnest wish to produce a work both 
interesting and enter tainiiig, that when I have passed 
away my children ca7i take up the book and say, " This 
is the record of our Father, the founder of our jioble 

I have tried to make a true statemeiit of facts, and 
I trust and believe that the members of the Order gen- 
erally will read and not judge too harshly this, my 
humble effort. Your Fraternal Father, 




Homeof Father J. J. Upchurch, 
at Steelville, Mo 

Portrait of J. J. Upchurch. . . . 

Charter Adopted by the First 

Grand Lodge A. O. U. W.. 

Plan of Original Hall 3 

2 Original Regalia, Second Degree 6 

3 Original Regalia, Fourth Degree 7 
Father J, J. Upchurch at a Cal- 

2 ifornia Picnic 10 

His Birth and Family— Death 

of His Father 13 

Schooling and Early Privations 

— Learning a Trade 14 

Gets Married — Opens a Hotel 15 

Railroading 16 

Goes to Charleston — Horse 

Taming . 17 

Returns Home — Starts for Penn- 
sylvania 19 

At Work in the Railroad Shops 20 

Originating the A. O. U. W. . . 21 

Oil Speculations 23 

Goes to Alabama 24 

Visits His Mother 25 

Taken Sick 26 

Returns North — Home Again 27 

At Meadville — ^Joins League. . . 28 
Organizes the First Lodge of 

the A. O. U. W 29 

Trials and Difficulties — Uncon- 
stitutional Proceedings 30 

Secession 33 

Reconciliation 34 

Elected Supreme Master Work- 
man 35 

Is Suspended — Reinstated.... 36 

Tries Farming 38 

A Good Fatherly Letter 39 

Recommends Libraries 41 

Another Letter, " Uproot the 

Weeds" 42 

Goes to Franklin, Pa 44 

Moves to Pennsylvania 45 

Returns \Vest, Sick and Out 

of Employment 46 

Honors by Supreme Lodge. ... 47 

Presentation 48 


Attends S. Lodge at Buffalo. . . 49 
His Right to the Title of 

Founder Disputed 50 

His Right Sustained 51 

Visits Sup. Lodge, Toronto... 52 
Meets P. G. M. W\, Barnes . . 53 
Protest of W. W. Walker- 
Vindication by Sup. Lodge 54 
First Constitution A. O. U. \Y. 55 

Insurance Article 64 

Credit for Plan of Organization 68 

Working Tools of the Order. . . 71 

Returns Home — His Family.. 72 

Visits and Presentation ...:.. 75 

Invitation to Visit California. . 76 

Starts for California 77 

Arrives at Denver 78 

Welcome by G. M. W., Louis 

Aufinger — His Response. 79, 80 
Address of P. G. M. W., Wm. 

H. Jordan 81 

Invitation to Salt Lake — Reply 84 

Invitation to Visit Colorado. . . 85 

On the Way 86 

Arrival at Salt Lake 89 

Invitation to Visit Oregon. ... 90 

Arrival at Oregon 91 

Arrival in Cal. — Reception at 

Sacramento 92 

At Oakland 93 

Arrival in San Francisco 94 

The Procession 95 

Reception at the Pavilion 96 

Address of Welcome by P. G. 

M. W.,W^ii. H. Barnes.... 97 
Oration by P. G. M. W^, Wm. 

H. Jordan 99 

Picnic at Fairfax loi 


General Contents. 

Oration by P. G . M . W. , Barnes 
Acrostic by P. G. M. W., Barnes 
Welcome — His Response . io6, 
Visiting the Lodges in Oakland 

Invitation of the K. of H 

Visits Chinatown, S. F 

Visits Valley, Excelsior, and 

Other Lodges 

Visits Golden Gate Park 

Visits G. R., H. G. Pratt 

Visits the IVatc/unaji Office. . . 

Visit to Stockton 

Visit to Sacramento 

The Prize Poem 

Viewing Sacramento 

Visits a Masonic Lodge 

Goes to Napa 

Santa CruzandWatsonville 124, 
Grand Ovation at San Jose, , . . 

Presentation at San Jose 

Goes to Livermore 

Visits Pioneer Woolen Mills 

Golden Dawn D. of H 131, 

At Woodland and Colusa. 133, 

Goes to Virginia City 

Reception at Virginia City . . . 
Presented with a Silver Brick 

Visiting the Mines 

At Carson — Sutro Tunnel . 145, 

Returns to San Frailcisco 

Goes to Los Angeles 

At San Fernando 

At Los Angeles 

Goes to Santa Monica 

Returns to San Francisco 

Farewell to California 

Arrival in Oregon 

At Portland 


Goes to Victoria 

In Washington Territory 

Tacoma and Olympia 

At Albany, Oregon 

At Roseburg 

Eugene City and Salem 

Leaving Oregon — The Dalles. . 

-Idaho, and Helena, Mont 

Gra d Reception 

I02g-Address of J. W. Kinsley. .... 173 
105 ^'Address of G. M., Sullivan. . . 176 

107 Poem by John W. Eddy 183 

108 On the Way Home 194 

109 Reception at Steelville 195 

1 10 End of Father Upchurch's Nar- 

rative 198 

111 Editor's Continuation 

112 Ovation at St. Louis 199 

113 Sword Presentation and Visit to 

1 14 Wyandotte 200 

115 Visits the Grand Lodge at Kan. 201 

116 Cal. Grand Lodge Resolution. . 204 

117 Preparing His Book 205 

120 His Last Pilgrimage — Letter to 

121 P. G. M. W., Barnes, of Cal. 206 

122 Visiting East — Reception in 

125 Boston , . . 208 

126 In Philadelphia— His Last 

128 Speech 210 

129 Returns Home 216 

130 His Death 217 

132 Messages of Condolence to His 

135 Family 218 

137 Official Announcements 221 

138 Resolutions of Respect — ^Jeffer- 

143 son Lodge, No. i. Pa 223 

144 Resolutionsof Keystone Lodge, 226 

147 Preparing for the Funeral 227 

148 Ceremony at Steelville 228 

149 Lying in State at St. Louis. . . 229 

150 Address, G. M. W., Rogers, of 

151 Mo 230 

154 Oration of P. G. M. W., Vincil 232 

155 Conclusion 239 

156 Appendix 

157 Important Incidents Connected 

1 58 with the Order 240 

159 Memorial Services in Oakland, 242 
161 Oration of S. F.,W. H. Jordan, 244 

163 Address of P. G.M.W., Barnes, 246 

164 Memorial Services in S. F. . . . 248 

165 Oration, P.M.W., J.N. Young. 249 

166 Poem by P. M. W., Sam Booth 254 

167 Addendum 

170 Supreme Lodge Meetings.... 257 

171 Past Supreme Master Workmen 263 

172 A. O. U. W. Periodicals 264 


TN looking over the material for the following pages, two courses 
seemed open to the Editor's choice, to rewrite the manuscript, cloth- 
ing the substance of the narrative in language of his own, or taking it 
as he found it, to add the sub-headings, smooth out a wrinkle here 
and there, snip off the ragged edges, and put in a stitch or two occa- 
sionally, but leaving it substantially as it was left by the writer himself. 
In the former case the work would have been that of the compiler; 
in the latter it would retain its originality and be what it purported to 
be, the work of the Founder himself. Believing that the latter course 
would be the one most acceptable to those who will be most interested 
in it, i. £., the members of the great organization of which he was the 
founder, and that being the one most in accord with his own inclinations, 
he adopted it. The reader who comes to the book expecting to find a 
literary and intellectual gratification will undoubtedly be disappointed, 
except as it may be found in the glowing periods of his panegyrists. 
The hands of both Author and Editor were hardened by the handling 
of heavier tools at rougher handicrafts than the use of the pen and 
Authorship; and in attempting to solve the more serious problems of 
life, they had but little leisure to master the art of elegant literary com- 
position. To the brethren, therefore, of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen and kindred organizations, whose beneficent labors received 
their inspiration from his first efforts, as a legacy from a father to his 
children, this little book, with all its imperfections, is commended by 
tj^eir brother and friend. 

Sam Booth, 
F. M. W., Excelsior, No, 126, A. 0. U, W, 




i I 

:| 1 1 

I li 

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I ! 





. ^;>i 


"■: ■ ' ■"■" ^; 

adopted later. 

taught by the old Ritual, the ceremonies of which were not by any means as simple as those 


Life, Labors aid Trayels 



WAS born in Franklin County, 

North Carolina, March 26, 


My father, Ambrose, was the 

only son of John Upchurch; 

my mother, Elizabeth, was the 
ily daughter of Hon. Henry Hill. All 
Franklin County. 

There were of our family, two boys 
id two girls. My father followed the 
isiness of farming. 


In 1824, my father was shot and killed by a man by the 
name of Wright, who married the half sister of my mother. 
What the difficulty was about, I was too young to compre- 
hend. Wright fled the country, and it was said went to 
Arkansas, while that State was held by Mexico; at any rate, 
his family followed some time after. 


14 Life of Father Upchurch. 

I well remember the circumstance of three negroes and 
three hundred and fifty acres of land being taken from us, 
which led me to believe that property was the cause of the 


My mother was forced to resort to the needle to support 
herself and children. Educational facilities were few. 

When I was eight years old, I attended school for six 
months and made fine progress. Commenced to read in 
Webster's Spelling Book. Had to walk three miles, night 
and morning, to and from school. 

My Grandfather Upchurch took us children to live with 
him and sent us to school as opportunity offered. That was 
not often, and only of short duration. We went four miles 
on Sunday to attend Sabbath-school. 


In 1834, I left the farm, and was employed as a clerk in 
a country store, by a man by the name of Lawrence, who 
afterwards married my eldest sister. I again went on the 
farm in the winter of 1834-35, and remained there until the 
summer of 1835, when my Grandfather Hill purchased and 
gave to my mother a small farm. 


She then took her children to live with her. I remained 
with my mother on the farm until the spring of 1837, when 
I went to learn the trade of a millwright with Thomas Duke. 
I remained with him until the fall. My health being poor 
and the work heavy, I could not stand it, and left him and 
entered as an apprentice with William and Edward Allen, 
house-carpenters, as I thought the work would be lighter. 

I ran a water-power saw -mill for William Allen for a 

Gets Married —Opens a Hotel. 15 

month or two, and then went with them to put up a saw-mill 
on the Tar River, for a man named Kenaday. 

I remained here until the work was completed. The 
contractor had taken several buildings to put up at Hender- 
son, a station on the Raleigh cS: Gaston Railroad, where 
quite a village had sprung up. I went with them and re- 
mained until one of the buildings was nearly completed. 

clerking again. 
One day, Charles Allen, the foreman, said to me, that as 
I was not strong enough to follow the business, he could get 
me a situation as clerk in a store, and advised me to take it. 
I consented to do so, and went to work. In a short 
time, Prof E. A. Jones bought the store and opened a 
wholesale and retail grocery in the building. 

GETS married. 

I remained with this house until June i, 1841, and then 
went to Raleigh and married Miss Angelina Green, daughter 
of Salome Green, of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. She had 
gone South with John Zeigenfuss, an uncle, who was a con- 
tractor on the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad. 


On getting married, Mr. Zeigenfuss and myself opened a 
hotel in Raleigh, North Carolina. We carried it on in the 
usual way, with a bar attached, until the winter of 1841-42, 
when the Washington Temperance Society was organized 
there. We both united with it, and opened what was said 
to be the first temperance house south of Mason and Dix- 
on's Line. 

We were in advance of the times. The people had not 
been educated up to this point. 

In 1843, an old tramp, an Englishman, named James 

IG Life of Father Upchurch. 

Wood, came to the house with a pack on his back and in- 
quired if we had any kettles to mend or silver plate that we 
wanted marked. I handed him half a dozen spoons. In a 
few minutes he had them engraved in good style. He then 
wanted five cents with which to get a drink of whisky. In the 
morning he was sick, and remained so for two or three 
weeks. Although not confined all the time to his bed, he 
could not walk, and claimed that he had the royal gout. I 
soon made up my mind that his disease was brought on by 
excessive use of intoxicants. 

Some orders for engraving came in, which he executed. 
In the meantime I would not allow him to have anything to 
drink. So finally I got him sobered up, when he joined the 
temperance society. 

He then said if I would give him a place to work, he 
would teach me the business of engraving and die-sinking. 
I liked the idea, and rented a shop and bought what tools 
were necessary, when we went to work. I made fine progress 
in the art, but the old man began to drink alcohol, bought 
for making varnish for cleaning plate, etc., until he was 
finally carried away by delirium tremens in such a way as I 
I never wish to see again. 


The business at the hotel had been falling oft', until we 
finally had to close out. Mr. Ziegenfuss returned to Penn- 
sylvania, and I ran the shop until 1844, when I accepted 
the situation of assistant depot agent in the Freight Depart- 
ment of the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad. Whea not em- 
ployed here, I was in the shop. I held this position until 
the winter of 1844-45, when one of the engineers on the 
passenger train left. The Superintendent, Wesley H-ollister, 
put me on the road in his place. 

Horse Taming. 17 


I remained on the r6ad until December, 1845, when I left 
and went to Norfolk, Richmond, and Petersburg, Virginia; 
but could get nothing to do. A fellow-engineer accompa- 
nied me, and we concluded to go to Charleston, South Caro- 
lina. When we reached Wilmington, North Carolina, we 
were divided in opinion; he wanted to go by stage to Cheraw, 
South Carolina, and there take the railroad; I wanted to go 
by steamer, as I had never been to sea. 

He finally consented to go by steamer; however, I re- 
gretted it afterwards, for as soon as he saw the waves rolling, 
thirty miles before we crossed the bar, he was the sickest 
man I ever saw. I remained up all night with him. We 
landed at Charleston, and put up at the Mechanics' and 
Planters' House, on Church Street, and searched all over 
the city for work. The only thing I could get to do was to 
work on a new saw-mill that was being erected. 


I worked here some time with the intention of going 
somewhere else. 1 had but little money; my friend per- 
suaded me to buy " Rarey's Horse-taming Process," which 
I did, having only six dollars left. I went to the superin- 
tendent of the Charleston & Augusta Railroad, showed him 
my letters, and he gave me a pass to Augusta, Georgia. Here 
I opened up the horse-taming business; sold one recipe for 
ten dollars, and then crossed the river to Hamburg; stopped 
there several days, selling recipes at almost anything I could 
get for them — feeling that I must have money to go 

From here I went to Edgefield, in South Carolina. My 
money was short; I found I had to have some printing done, 
which would take nearly all the money I had. I, however, 

18 Life of Father Upchurch. 

had a few posters struck off, when I gave an exhibition in 
the jail-yard, where I took a vicious horse and subdued him 
to the satisfaction of all present. From this I raised 
money to pay my hotel bill and stage fare further on. I 
worked in this way until I reached Granville, South Carolina. 
I stopped there until I owed two weeks' board and had but 
fifty cents left. Money I must have. I sold recipes from 
one to five dollars each, and paid my board and stage fare 
to the next county town. 

I finally reached Rutherfordton, in North Carolina. 
Here I undertook to subdue a horse that would run away. 
He ran away with me, tore the wagon to pieces (which I 
had to pay for), and threw me into a stone pile. When I 
came to, I was surrounded by a number of ladies (with the 
all-healing camphor-bottle) and men who had come from 
the town, a distance of a quarter of a mile. However, I 
was not seriously injured. 

From there I traveled from place to place, following the 
court circuits until I reached Charlotte, North Carolina. 
Here business was better than it had been at some other 
places. I bought a horse four years old, and gave a recipe 
and twenty-five dollars for him. When the bargain was 
made I did not have the money. However, I raised the 
amount next day. I traded a gripsack for an old saddle and 
bridle, and then went on my own hook. 

At Statesville I got a set of silver-plated buggy harness 
for teaching a man how to tame horses. 

I put them in a sack and strapped them behind my sad- 
dle. I then went to Lexington, where I procured the 
assistance of a stage-driver. We hitched up my horse. My 
assistant was nearly frightened out of his head. The horse 
was as gay as a peacock, and proved a fine racer. A can- 

Starts for Pennsylvania. 19 

didate for the office of sheriff got the stage-driver to try 
and trade for him. I asked fifty dollars to boot, and finally 
got thirty dollars and a much better horse for myself. 


Next morning I bought an open buggy, hitched up my 
horse, and went independent. Reaching home I had a 
horse and buggy worth one hundred and fifty dollars, and 
two hundred dollars in cash. I had done pretty well. 


I traveled around the country trading and taming horses 
that summer. On October i, 1846, with my family (wife 
and child). I started for Pennsylvania. Reached Philadel- 
phia on the 3d by steamer from City Point, via Norfolk 
and Baltimore. 

On the morning of the 4th, we took stage for Bethlehem. 
I could get nothing to do there. Tried making corn- 
shellers, but they would not shell the small, hard corn of 
the North. In February, 1847, I got a situation as super- 
intendent of a large flouring and saw-mill at Lock Haven, 
in Clinton County, Pennsylvania, with a man by the name of 
Myers. When I reached there, the owners had sold the mill 
to a man by the name of Sterret, of Harrisburg. The purchas- 
ers wished to retain me as superintendent, but were going 
to have some extensive repairs made, and would not be 
ready for me for three months; but they wished me to go 
with them to Harrisburg, where they would get me work 
until such time as the mill would be ready. 

Mr. Myers paid my expenses when we took stage for 
Harrisburg. We were caught in a snow-storm, and it took 
two days and nights to get through. On Saturday morning 
I called on the purchasers of the mill. We canvassed the 

20 Life of Father Upchurch. 

city for work, but could not get any. I then concluded to 
go to Reading, and promised Mr. Sterret that I would in 
form him where I located, so that he could notify me when 
the mill was ready. 


I went to the stage office and learned that the stage 
would not leave again until Monday morning. The Legis- 
lature was in session, board was high, and as twenty dollars 
was all the money I had, I concluded to leave. The livery 
man wanted ten dollars, and I to pay expenses. I thought 
if I could get out into the country, I could go for less. 
Ten miles out they wanted the same. I walked on and 
made twenty-two miles that afternoon. 

I was tired and foot-sore, and in the morning very stiff 
and lame. Here they wanted six dollars to take me to 
Reading. I thought as I had made twenty-two miles in 
half a day, I certainly could make thirty in a whole day, 
which would be good wages. I started out and walked all 
day, but only made twenty miles. I came up with a gen- 
tleman with a buggy going to Reading, and paid him one 
dollar to let me ride with him to the city. 


The next day I called on the master mechanic of the 
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad, and got employment in 
the shops until such time as a vacancy should occur on 
the road. About this time one man a day was being killed 
there. I concluded that I would remain in the shop, 
which I did for two years. I then got a situation and moved 
to the Catasauqua Iron Works, in Lehigh County. Previ- 
ous to this we had been in the habit of living up to my 

Originating the A. 0. U. W. 21 


I finally made up my mind that, as soon as I was paid, 
I would lay by ten dollars and that I would not spend it as 
long as I could help it. My wife thought that it could not be 
done; however, we concluded to try, and we got along about 
as well as before, except that we did not buy so much nonsense. 
I remained with the Iron Company and saved one hundred 
dollars. I then got out of work and traveled around the 
country for some time. I finally got a situation on the 
Mine Hill & Schuylkill Haven Railroad, Geo. W. Glass, 
Master Mechanic, and R. A. Wilder, General Superintendent. 


After I had got moved my hundred dollars was all gone; 
still I adhered to the ten-doUar-a-month system. Two 
years from this time, the master mechanic resigned, and 
David Clarke was appointed to succeed him. I then acted 
as foreman for a year, when Clarke resigned, and I received 
the appointment of master mechanic, which I held for 
thirteen years. 


The circumstances which caused me to think of a plan 
by which working people would be benefited, and their 
families protected in case of the death of the husband and 
father, were as follows: — 

In June of 1864, while I was master mechanic of 
the Mine Hill & Schuylkill Haven Railroad, the train 
hands demanded an advance of fifty cents a day in their 
wages. Engineers were then getting three dollars and 
sixty cents per day. I notified the President of the road 
of the demand, and he directed me to give them an ad- 

22 Life of Father UPCHURCii. 

vance of forty cents per day all round, which would give 
engineers an even four dollars a day. 

The proposition was received with great derision. They 
said to mc that their union had directed them to demand 
fifty cents and take nothing less, and unless that demand 
was acceded to, they would go on a strike. 

I was very forcibly impressed with the injustice done to 
men by any order or society which thus assumed to direct 
in matters of such vital importance, while they (the society) 
could not possibly know much, if anything, about the cir- 
cumstances under which the difficulty had arisen between 
the employer and employe, as was very evident in the 
present difficulty. 

• The men went on a strike. They were out two weeks, 
when the Secretary of War sent on a corps of engineers 
and firemen, put them in my charge, and I operated the 
road for two weeks in the interest of the Government. 

At the exjDiration of that time, the men were ready to 
return to work at what I had offered them before the strike 
took place. 

These men had lost a whole month's wages that never 
could be regained, and some of them were not able to lose 
four days in the month without depriving their families of 
some of the comforts of life. 

The inquiry arose in' my mind, " What right has any man 
or set of men to dictate to others what wages they should 
receive? What right has a society to order that men 
must not work unless the demands of the society are com- 
plied with ? Who gave them power to take away or con- 
trol the will of workingmen ? " 

As I thought over the subject, I saw more and more the 
injustice done not only to capital, but to laboring men, 

Oil Speculation. 23 

whom they profess to befriend. I was thoroughly convinced 
the way these societies were managed, that they exercised a 
baneful influence upon the business relations of the country. 

I was convinced that something should be done to try 
to harmonize the two great interests of our country, capi- 
tal and labor. They, being equal, should receive equal pro- 

There was such an impression made upon my mind that 
something should be done, that I finally made up my mind 
to do all in my power to accomplish this great object, and 
if possible unite employer and employe into an organiza- 
tion and obligate them to the same great principles, of 
"the greatest good to the greatest number;" and I am happy 
to say that where this has been done there has been no 
trouble between the employer and employe. 

I went to work on the great task allotted to me, and 
when an idea struck me I would write it down. 


In the latter part of 1864, the oil excitement became 
rampant. I got a pretty heavy dose. I had saved some 
money and thought I would soon make a fortune. I was 
told by my friends in Pottsville that if I would take three 
thousand shares of stock in the Martin -Binehoff Petroleum 
Company, they w^ould appoint me as their superintendent, 
with a salary of two thousand dollars per annum. I 
resigned my position on the road to take effect January i, 

I then went to the oil regions and opened an office in the 
Washington McClintock House, Petroleum Center. The 
winter was very severe and w^e could do nothing until spring 
opened. I then saw that more money was made by specu- 
lation than by sinking wells. 

24 Life of Father Upchurch. 

While here, I got in conversation with Capt. Francis J. 
Keffer, on the trouble that was then agitating the business 
relations of the country between capital and labor, and I 
disclosed to him my plan of uniting them in one grand 
organization. T thought if it was carried out in good faith, 
it would obviate those difficulties and benefit both employer 
and employe. 

Brother Keffer thought the object was a good one, and 
encouraged me to perfect and introduce the work; and I 
am proud to say that he showed his faith by uniting with 
the Order at the first opportunity and became a Grand 
Master Workman. 

I got the refusal of two thousand seven hundred and 
sixty acres of land on the Tionesta; I was to pay sixty 
thousand dollars for it wh^n sold. I took the papers to 
Philadelphia and put them in the hands of a broker at 
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. I was to give the 
broker twenty-five thousand dollars for stocking; and I 
subscribed twenty-five thousand dollars to the capital stock. 
When the war closed, a committee was appointed to view the 
land and report when the money would have been paid in. 

On peace being declared, everything like speculation 
closed. That summer and fall I put down two wells, 
which did not produce oil enough to pay for the pumping. 


In December I received, through M. W. Baldwin & Co., 
the appointment of master mechanic of the Alabama & 
Florida Railroad, headquarters at Montgomery. I sold out, 
and on the ist of February, 1866, after shipping my 
goods by vessel, I took my family and started South. I 
made but slow progress, and had to lie over every night 
after leaving Washington. 

Visits His Mother. 25 

visits his mother. 

At Franklinton, North Carolina, I stopped off to visit my 
mother. We could get no conveyance except a large farm 
wagon, drawn by four scrawny mules, and had to go eight 
miles into the country. I found my mother well. I had not 
seen her for twenty years. Here one of my children was 
taken sick, which detained us several days. We finally bade 
them farewell, and again took the train, stopping at Thomas- 
ton a few days to see a niece, a Mrs. Pleasant. 

On leaving here, we passed through Salisbury, which was 
in a very dilapidated condition, from the effects of the war. 
We finally reached the end of the road, twenty-seven miles 
north of Columbia, South Carolina, it having been torn up 
by Sherman's army. The country was completely devasta- 
ted, and we had to take stage for Columbia, twenty-seven 
miles; fare, seven dollars each, large and small; stopping at 
Columbia overnight. 

In the morning we took the train for Augusta, via Branch- 
ville, where we changed cars. In the afternoon we came to 
the end of the road again. There were a good maiiy pas- 
sengers and only six ambulances to carry us twenty-four 
miles to Johnson's Siding; fare, seven dollars each. We 
had considerable amusement, notwithstanding. The ambu- 
lances were drawn by old, broken-down muies, and we made 
about three miles an hour. The beating those poor animals 
had to take, will never be forgotten. There was a conductor 
who carried a sea-shell, that he would blow every few min- 
utes; he said to keep his train together. He was a jolly, 
good fellow and created a great deal of fun; but the worst 
had to come. It was as dark as a black cat, and the rain 
pouring down like fury. Amidst all this, he discovered that 
the ambulance that we were in was about to follow the 
example of the mules, — break down. 

26 Life of Father Upchurch. 

One ambulance was full of negroes. The conductor 
stopped them, when we changed ambulances, baggage and 
all, in the rain, the scene being lit up with one tallow candle 
in a lantern. However, the change was made and we pro- 
ceeded, and finally reached the station in time for the train. 
I have heard nothing from the ambulance or negroes since. 


We proceeded with no mishap until we finally reached 
Montgomery, February 13. This trip cost me four hundred 
and sixty-five dollars, and, pretty wtU worn out, we stopped 
at the Exchange Hotel. In the morning I reported to Sam 
Jones, the superintendent, who wished me to take charge at 
once, but I had to find a place for my family. Board at 
the hotel w^as six dollars per day. I secured board at a 
private house at forty-seven dollars a w^eek for the family. 
I wished I w^as back in Pennsylvania, and if I had not been 
ashamed to return so soon, I would have returned at once. 
Everything was unnecessarily high- -the people had not 
forgotten Confederate prices. I, however, entered upon 
my duties. 

The ship on which my goods were loaded got into the 
ice and had to return to Philadelphia for repairs. In six 
weeks she finally landed in Mobile. I was notified of the 
fact and that a salvage bill was charged against them amount- 
ing to thirty dollars, which I got refunded from the Insur- 
ance Company. 


About a month after my arrival here, I was taken sick, 
most of the time not being able to attend to business prop- 
erly. The doctors finally told me that if I remained there 
the following summer I would die, which I was not ready 
to do. 

Home Again. 27 

Having been solicited to take the superintendence of 
putting down some oil wells in St. Stephen's County, I con- 
cluded to resign, and on October i, sent my family back to 
Pennsylvania, thinking that I would remain with the oil com- 
pany until spring. I employed men to put the wells down, 
but in a short time I was prostrated with what was called 
the '' break-bone " fever, and came to the conclusion that 
that was not the country for me. I resigned November i, 
and started North. 


I got as far as High Point, North Carolina, where I 
stopped off to visit a sister. Here I was taken sick with 
diphtheria. 1 had the best of attention from my sister and 
niece. At this time one of my children was sick with typhoid 
fever at home. I can assure you than I was very anxious. 
One day my niece played •' Home, Sweet Home " on the 
piano, and as I lay upstairs, I shed tears like a baby. Do 
not laugh at me, I could not help it. 


As soon as I was able to get out, I again took the train 
for home, where I arrived very weak and jaded. I remained 
at home a few weeks and then went to the Baldwin Loco- 
motive Works at Philadelphia. The firm told me to go 
into the shop, and when I felt like working I could do so. 
I remained with them until April, 1867, when I got a situa- 
tion in the shops of the Pennsylvania RaJlroad, at Altoona, 
but was not able to do much. What money I had when I 
went South was expended, and work I must. I continued 
to improve, however, aided by the mountain air, and by 
October i I felt pretty well again. I was given the position 
of die-sinker for the company, which was a pretty easy job. 
I remained here until April, 1868, when I got a situation in 

28 Life of Father IJpchurciI:. 

the lathe shop of the Atlantic & Great Western Railroad, 
at Meadville, Pennsylvania. 


Soon after my arrival I was informed that a society had 
been organized there, which was called "The League of 
Friendship, Supreme Mechanical Order of the Sun." I 
was told that this was the Order for the protection of the 
workingmen. In June I was proposed and elected to 
membership in the Order. I was but a short time in mak- 
ing the discovery that the Lodge was groping in the dark. 
We could get no information whatever from the Grand 
Council, unless we invested more money and took what was 
called the " Knight of the Iron Ring " degree, which re- 
quired a further payment of five dollars. I came to the 
conclusion that the whole thing was rotten to the core, got- 
ten up for the purpose of fraud, and therefore unworthy the 
confidence and support of workingmen. I made known to 
the members what I thought of it, many of them agreeing 
with me. 


I was elected Honorable Master of the League. I to^.d 
the members that I had a plan that was calculated to bene- 
fit the working people more than anything that I knew of. 
I explained its principles to them as far as possible and 
redoubled my efforts to inculcate in their minds the objects 
contemplated in the plan which I had been working up. 
At a meeting of the League held on September 29, 1868, 
the following resolutions were offered and carried: — 


^'■Resolved, That a committee of seven be appointed to 
revise and remodel the work of the Order, together with the 
Constitution and By-Laws; and that the committee corre- 

The New Order. 29 

spond with all the dlher Lodges and with the Grand Coun- 
cil asking for their approval. 

^^ Resolved, That if the Grand Council will not approve of 
the revised work, we will return to them our Charter, moneys, 
etc., and at once proceed to organize a new Order. 

'• Resolved, That the Honorable Master be the Chairman 
of said committee." 

The following brothers were then appointed as the Com- 
mittee on Revision: J. J. Upchurch, Chairman; J. R. 
Umberger, W. W. Walker, M. H. McNair, H. C Deross, 
A. Klock, J. R. Hulse. 

The committee met at the house of the Honorable Mas- 
ter, on the evening of October ii, 1868, and expressed 
their willingness to leave the work in the hands of the chair- 

As soon as I had written out the first degree and the 
Constitution, I notified the committee of the fact. A part 
of them met, and after hearing the ritual and Constitution 
read, they all expressed their approval, stating that they 
were perfectly satisfied with the entire work. 

On October 27, 1868, I reported to the League that the 
Constitution and the first degree were ready. Report 
accepted and committee continued. 


After the Charter, etc., of the League was removed, I 
read the Constitution, which was adopted by sections. I 
then administered the obligation of the first degree to thir- 
teen persons besides myself, viz.: — 

J. J. Upchurch, A. Oaster, P. Linen, T. F. Upchurch, 
W. C. Newberry, W. S. White, J. R. Hulse, M. H. McNair, 
H. C Deross, J. R. Umberger, S. Rositer, P. Lawson, A. P. 
Ogden, and J. R. Tracy. 

Thus dates the organization of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. 

30 Life of Father Upchurch. 

trials and difficulties of the new order. 

On the morning of the 28th several of the members came 
to me and demanded that the words " white male " be 
stricken from the Constitution, which I refused to do. The 
Recorder then refunded to each man his entrance fee. 

On November 3, the second meeting night, I went to 
the hall, not knowing whether there would be anyone there 
or not, when six of the thirteen came forward and paid their 
initiation fee the second time, including, viz.: — 

A. Oaster, P. Linen, T. F. Upchurch, H. C. Deross, and 
J. R. Umberger. 

During the fall and winter I taught two classes in machine 

In the fall of 1869, I was sent to Leavittsburg, Ohio, to 
take charge of a shop there, which I held for three years. 
The shop was then closed and I returned to Meadville and 
went to work in the shop. 


While in Leavittsburg, I was notified by the Grand Re- 
corder that on December 10, 1870, a meeting had been 
called by Keystone Lodge, No. 4. It was believed that an 
attempt would be made to institute an opposition Grand 
Lodge. I made it my business to be present at the opening 
of this meeting. 

The Master Workman stated that the meeting had been 
called for the purpose of conferring degrees. I informed 
him that he had no authority to confer degrees at a special 
meeting, without a dispensation from the Grand Master 
Workman, and as a dispensation had not been applied for, 
none had been granted. The Lodge then closed. Imme- 
diately after closing, Bro. George Jeffery was called to the 
chair, and W. W. Walker appointed Secretary. 

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Secession. 33 

TIic Chairman stated that the object of the meeting was 
to call a convention to form a State Grand Lodge, to take 
the place of the Provisional Grand Lodge, announcing the 
fact that there were now six subordinate Lodges in Pennsyl- 
vania, and as they had a constitutional right to form such 
Grand Lodge they would proceed to do so as soon as possible. 
I, still being in the hall, protested against the proceedings as 
being unconstitutional, irregular, and uncalled for. 

If the present Grand Lodge was only provisional (which I 
most positively denied), the proceedings of this meeting 
were irregular and unconstitutional, for the proper way was 
to notify the Grand Master Workman, when he should issue 
the call for the convention to meet and form the Grand 

I stated to them that the article from which they claimed 
to have received their authority, did not apply to Pennsylva- 
nia, but to those Lodges in other States working under the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania ; and further, if I, the Grand 
Master, was in error in the matter, and if the members were 
dissatisfied with ihe present Grand Lodge officers, they could 
elect such brothers as suited them, as it was only a few 
days until the next election would take place, it being the 
last meeting night in the month. 


The meeting then adjourned, without taking any definite 
action, re-assembled in another hall, and passed resolutions 
seceding from the original Grand Lodge; when I immedi- 
ately revoked the Charter of all Lodges which participated 
in the secession. 

At a meeting of the Grand Lodge held in Meadville, 
Pennsylvania, in January, 187 1, J. O. Rockwell, of No. 3, 
was elected as Grand Master Workman. I was created the 
Provisional Supreme Master Workman. 

34 Life of Father Upchurch. 

The two wings of the Order having made two attempts 
in the Grand Lodges to compromise their differences and 
again become united, and faiHng, the idea that I would try 
what I could do to accomplish the desired object struck 
me. I approached W. W. Walker, the Grand Master of 
the secession wing, on the subject of a union. He thought 
the object could not be consummated, as the attempt had 
been made without success. My reply was that all former 
attempts were illegal. I, as Provisional . u[)reme Master 
Workman, had given no authority for such proceeding, but 
I thought that I had a plan, which if he, as Grand Master 
Workman of his wing of the Order, would agree to, the 
object sought could and would be brought about. 


My plan was as follows: — 

That each wing of the Order appoint five representatives, 
to meet in convention to be held at an early day, to try and 
accomplish the desired object; each representative ])ledging 
his sacred honor to abide by and support the decision ar- 
rived at by said convention and to do all in his power to 
induce his Lodge to acquiesce in the same. 

This convention met in Meadville, Pennsylvania, January 
14,. 1873, and was composed of the following brothers: — 

From the original Grand Lodge: J. J. Upchurch, Provis- 
ional Supreme Master Workman; Jas. M. McNair; Joseph 
Morehead, Grand Master Workman; J. H. Williams, and 
Robert Greav^. 

From the secession Grand Lodge: W. W. Walker, Grand 
Master Workman; Jas. M. Bunn, M. W. Sackett, H. G. Pratt, 
and Jas. McCandless. 

The object for which the convention was called was hap- 
pily consummated. 

Opens a Store. 35 


The first Supreme Grand Lodge convened at Cine innati, 
Ohio, February 11, 1873, with eleven members from Pennsyl- 
vania, Ohio, and Kentucky. At this meeting I was made 
Past Supreme Master Workman. 


In iMarch, 1873, I received the appointment from A. L. 
Crawford, of Newcastle, Pennsylvania, as master mechanic 
on the St. Louis, Salem & Little Rock Railroad, in Missouri, 
the road being yet under construction. I ran a locomotive 
until it was finished. I then took two locomotives to Spring- 
field, Missouri, and had them overhauled, after which I 
commenced to put up a shop at Steelville, and put in the 
necessary machinery. 

In 1875, trade was very dull on the road. The President 
wanted me to make a hand in the shop and still retain the 
position of master mechanic. I told him I did not do two 
men's work for one man's pay, and resigned. 


I then opened a provision store in Steelville, and ran it 
for eight or nine months, when the superintendent of the 
Cuba Planing Mill Company wanted me to take charge of 
the works as su])erintendent. 


I then sold out my store and went to Cuba. In the fall 
I saw that the company was not making any money, and as 
I got a chance to sell my stock in the mill, I did so and 


I then hired to run a locomotive on the Cairo & St. Louis . 
Narrow Gauge Railroad. After seeing the road, I con- 

36 Life of Father Upchurch. 

eluded to go to work in the shop. During the summer I 
was sent to East St. Louis to take charge of the round- 
house. I remained there until the winter. The company 
had but two pay-days during the year; they, however, 
issued meal checks that we could pay our board with. 


When I wanted money for the support of my family, I 
had to sell my time at a discount of twenty per cent, con- 
sequently I became poor, so much so that I was unable to 
pay my dues and assessments in the Order, when I was sus- 
pended. Bro. J. M. McXair and W. A. Dungan had my 
dues and assessments paid up, when I was re-instated, for 
which I am under many obligations. Bro. Samuel B. 
Myers, of Franklin Lodge, No. 3, made application for my 
withdrawal card; the first I knew of it was the receipt of 
a power of attorney for me to sign, authorizing Samuel B. 
Myers to sign the Constitution for me. No. 3 then jjaid 
my dues and assessments until I got on my feet again, a 
kindness that I shall always appreciate. 

The road went into the hands of a receiver, and I was 
thrown out of employment. 

To explain the foregoing, I have received the following copy 
of minutes from Bro. W. A. Dungan, Recorder of Jefferson 
Lodge, No. I, Ancient Order United Workmen, Meadville, 
Pennsylvania: — 

"I have this day, as you request, found the Minute Book 
of Banner Lodge, No. i. 

"This Lodge was organized by the consolidation of Jef- 
ferson, No. i; Keystone, No. 4; and Starr, No. 35. Ban- 
ner was the only name they could agree upon. In said 
Minute Book of Banner Lodge, No. i, I find all the pro- 
ceedings of your suspension, re-instatement, withdrawal, and 
the depositing of your card in Franklin Lodge, No. 3. 

Minute Book. S7 

" Hall of Banner Lodge, No. i, A. O. U. A\' 

"Meadville, Pa., September 12, 1876. 
"On motion it was resolved that this Lodge transmit to 
Brother Upchurch a statement of his standing in this Lodge, 
so that he may visit other Lodges. 

Chas. W. Stewart, Recorder.'''' 

"Hall of Banner Lodge, No. i, A. O. U. VV., ) 
"Meadville, Pa., October 24, 1876. j 
"The following brothers were suspended from insurance: 
Thos. Brannan, J. H. Davis, Nathan Hausmicht, E. C. 
Kipler, J. C. Rupp, Peter Linen, Jas. L. Murray, A. C. 
Smith, J. H. Sweeney, and J. J. Upchurch. 

Chas. James, Recorder'^ 

"Hall of Banner Lodge, No. i, A. O. U. W., \ 
"Meadville, Pa., November 7, 1876. j 
" On motion of Bro. Wm. A. Dungan, Brother Upchurch 
was re-instated in the insurance department of this Order. 
J. H. Williams, Recorder pro tern.'' 

Hall of Banner Lodge, No. i, A. O. U. W. 
"Meadville, Pa., January 6, 1877. 


A communication received from Brother Upchurch, 
asking that this Lodge grant him a withdrawal card. iMoved 
that this Lodge cancel his dues and grant the card. Laid 
over for one week. J. H. Williams, 

Recorder pro ievi^ 

'•' Hall of Banner Lodge, No. i, A. O. U. W. 

"Meadville, Pa., January 23, 1877. 
" On motion of Bro. W. A. Dungan, an order was drawn 
for $3.80 for Brother Upchurch's dues, and his withdrawal 
card was then granted. J. H. Williams, 

Recorder pro fem.'^ 

"Hall of Banner Lodge, No. i, A. O. U. W., 1 
'• Meadville, Pa., February 27, 1877. J 

" Communicaiion from Franklin Lodge, No. 3, commu- 
nicating that Brother Upchurch has deposited his card in 
that Lodge. W. A. Dungan, Recorder" 


38 Life of Father Upchurch. 

visits supreme lodge at st. louis. 

After leaving the Cairo & St. Louis Road, I could get 
nothing to do, so I visited the Sui)reme Lodge while it was 
in session at St. Louis. Tlicy were kind enough to donate 
to me one hundred dollars. 

I placed my claim a^^ainst tl*e Railroad Company, 
amounting to two hundred and thirty-five dollars, in the 
hands of Ex-Governor Thomas C Fletcher. It was not 
collected, however, until June, 1882. 


In the meantime, the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania 
called on its members to contribute to my relief, which was 
responded to nobly in the sum of five hundred dollars, 
which was indeed a (xodsend. It took a mortgage off my 
home, which otherwise would have been sold. 


Having nothing to do, I rented a piece of land, bought 
a horse, and tried to do something in farming on a small 
scale. I worked hard, but owing to the dry season, did 
not make much. 

[" It seems that there was a disposition among some of the 
Lodges about this time to ignore the fraternal obligation, 
to help the brothers, in extreme cases, outside their own 
jurisdiction — a disposition which culminated so unha})pily 
some years later, in Iowa. The following letter on the 
subject was written by Father Upchurch, to the Propagator. 


" We call es})ecial attention to a letter from Brother Up- 
church, in another column, which should interest every in- 
telligent member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, 

A Good Fatherly Letter. 89 

from the fact that Brother Upchurch is known and acknowl- 
edged as the founder of our Order, and he therefore styles 
himself with great propriety, our ' Old Father.' As such, his 
counsels and advice should not only be listened to, but fol- 
lowed^ particularly as the matter is one of vital imi)ortance to 
evcy member of the Order, whether he lives in Pennsylva- 
nia, Ohio, Kentucky, Iowa, or Michigan. We know not what 
the future has in store for us; it is therefore wise to heed 
the call of distress, lest when we call there may be no re- 


" Marysville, Mo., August 29, 1879. 

" Editor Propagator — Dear Sir and Brother: I regret 
very much that I feel called upon to make known my feel- 
ings to the brothers of our beloved Order, on the subject 
of separate beneficiary jurisdictions. In the first place, it 
was never intended that any Grand Lodge should have the 
control of its beneficiary fund, but that it should be collected 
by the Grand Lodge officers, and handed over to the Su- 
preme Lodge for disbursement as it is thought best. 

" But, at the suggestion of Representatives of the Su- 
preme Lodge, that to allow each Grand Lodge, when they 
attained two thousand members, the privilege of a separate 
beneficiary jurisdiction, would work to the advantage of the 
Order generally, by inducing members to labor more zeal- 
ously in building up Lodges, thereby reducing the number 
and amount of death assessments, which might have resulted 
in good had our brothers kept the objects of our noble 
Order in their minds; but, unfortunately, it seems that a 
portion of our Order have lost sight of these obligations, 
and the great object for which our Order was established, 
viz.: to assist each other, our wives, widows, and orphans; 
to protect, sustain, and elevate them to that position God 
in his wisdom created them to fill. Are we fulfilling that 
obligation ? Are we carrying out those great principles which 
are the life and sinews of our beloved Order, when we 
refuse or neglect to respond to the call of those who are in 
need and have a right to call upon us for assistance in time 

40 Life of Father Upchurch. 

of adversity? Let us lose sight of self, and extend the 
hand of charity to relieve the wants of the loved ones of 
our departed brothers; let us do our duty faithfully and true, 
and by so doing we will not only have the blessing of the 
living but of the dead. Let, for instance, the situation be 
reversed. Should we of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Iowa, or Mis- 
souri be in trouble, should we not expect, and of right, too, 
that the brothers of other States and jurisdictions would 
render assistance? Would we be worthy the name of 
brother should we refuse to do so? It seems that jurisdic- 
tions are of the opinion that because the Supreme Lodge 
in its wisdom has seen fit to grant separate beneficiary juris- 
dictions, they are independent of the Supreme Lodge, 
and are not bound to respect and abide by its orders. Do 
you not know that it is the head of the Order? There is 
no appeal from its mandates. It can create and destroy; 
the power that creates a law also has the power to repeal it. 
The Supreme Lodge grants Charters to State Grand Lodges, 
and I do not believe that any of us for one moment would 
deny the Supreme Lodge the right to revoke that Charter. 
That would indeed be the spirit of secession, which I trust 
will never be raised in our beloved country and especially 
in our noble Order. 

"Now, brothers, let me, your old father, call upon you, as 
noble sons, to lay aside all bickerings and discontent. Let 
us come up to the work of relief manfully; let us contribute 
of our means to the wants of those who are in need, and 
have a right to expect assistance from us. Not knowing 
how soon our dear ones may be placed in the same situa- 
tion, what a happy thought it is to a dying brother that the 
loved ones are watched over by faithful and true friends; 
but should we neglect that duty, would they not look down 
upon us from that Grand Lodge above, with scorn and con- 
tempt ? 

"I trust that these few thoughts may cause you to reflect, 
and discharge your duties faithfully, 

"I remain yours most truly, in C, H., and P., 

J. J. Upchurch." 

Recommends Libraries, etc. 41 


In the spring of 1879, J. W. Blanchard, Superintendent 
of Construction on the St. Louis & Council Bluffs Rail- 
road, gave me a situation of looking after a number of pile- 
drivers on bridge work. I commenced work west of Marys- 
ville, and remained with them until they reached the. State 

[" Increasing years, a large family, irregular employment, 
and ill health combined to keep his financial condition at a 
pretty low ebb about this time. And it was in the hearts of 
many good brothers, in consideration of the sacrifices he 
had made for, and his position as founder of, the Order, to 
relieve his condition by a ten-cent subscription throughout 
the Supreme Jurisdiction. The following letters to the 
Propagator, and editorial comment, were written as dated. — 


"Sedalia, Mo., August 4, 1880. 

"Editor Propagator — Dear Sir and Brother: Your kind 
letter came duly to hand, also paper, for which accept 

" I promised to write you a few lines, but since my return 
I have not been able to gather my scattered thoughts for 
the task until now, being on the sick list for a few days. 
Am better to-day, but not able to go to work; so I will try 
to explain to you my views on a few points which are car- 
ried on in our beloved Order. 

" I have had the pleasure of visiting a number of Lodges 
both East and West, and invariably found a slim attendance. 
Now, what is the cause of this ? Is it because the work has 
become less interesting than formerly } or is it because the 
social advantages are lost sight of in looking after the finan- 
cial or beneficial advantages ? 

" It is commendable that all make a preparation for sick- 

42 Life of Father Upchurch. 

ness, old age, and death, in laying up something to supply 
our wants and those of our families; but this was a second- 
ary consideration in the formation of our noble Order,—: 
the social advantages to be derived by meeting to.c^ether as 
a band of brothers tried and true, to discuss and devise the 
best means of advancing our brothers in the highway of in- 
telligence and ])rosperity. I am sorry to state that but few 
Lodges have libraries, which is one of the leading features 
of the Order — to induce its members and their offspring to 
search for knowledge, and fit them to fill high and honora- 
ble stations. I have always contended that the laboring 
classes had the requisite amount of brain^ but, unfortunately, 
they have had no chance to develope and expand it by re- 
search. Let it be said that the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen has done more in developing the genius of the 
country than any other organization that was ever estab- 

"There is another feature, I am sorry to say, which to 
some extent is not carried out as fully as, in my mind, it 
should be; that is, the employment feature, or labor bureau, 

" All must admit that the Lodges would be far better off 
if their members were kept in steady employment. It may 
be ])Ossiblc that I am prejudiced in favor of the original 
employment plan, but if so, it is from the honest conviction 
of my heart that it would be the best plan yet ])roduced, 
and would be equally beneficial to both those who labor with 
the head as well as the hands. 

" I trust that the good work will continue to spread until 
its influence may be felt for good all over tlie Christian 

" I tender my warmest regards to my children everywhere. 
This I can do, though I may never b.- able to see them. 
'•Fraternally yours in C, H., and P., 

J. J. Upchurch. 


Sedalia, Mo., August 22, 1880. 
" Editor Propagator — Dear Sir arid Brother: You have 
certainly placed me under many obligations for the interest 

Uproot the Weeds, Etc. 43 

you have taken in my welfare. I do not claim that the 
brothers of our noble Order are under any obligation to 
me; what I have done was for the benefit of others, not 
expecting to reap any pecuniary benefit from it more than 
another. I am truly thankful that so much good is being 
done through my humble efforts. To know that the tears of 
the widow and the orphan have been dried, that they have 
been clothed and fed, and placed beyond the reach of the 
cold charities of the world, gives me a satisfaction that 
money could not purchase. I know that thousands have 
been relieved in times of distress, that to-day appreciate my 
labor, and thank God that such an Order was instituted. I 
shall feel amply repaid for all the labor that I have expended 
if the Order continues to grov;, and its influence is felt for 
good, in every State and county. You wish to know what 
my financial condition is? It is low. I am at work at 
low wages. It takes about all I earn to make both ends 
meet; but should I continue to have good health and steady 
employment, by the help of God I will try to get along a 
few years longer, when my mission will have an end, when 
another will take it up and push it forward to a more noble 
and successful purpose than I have done. I tried to select 
good seed, and sowed them, as I believe, in good ground. 
My brothers are the husbandmen that are to dig about 
them and uproot the weeds, that in many Lodges are chok- 
ing out the life of its true principles. Let us wait and hope 
that our members may speedily return to a deep, sober 
thought, which will point out their duties plainly, not only 
to themselves, but to the whole Order. 

" I am sorry to learn that some of the jurisdictions still 
refuse to respond to the call in aid of the yellow fever suf- 
ferers. Is it possible that a Workman should be so lost to 
humanity as to turn his back upon their suffering widows 
and orphans after so solemnly obligating ourselves to 
aid and support ? May the great Supreme Master Work- 
man above direct us aright. 

" Fraternally yours in C., H., and P., 

J. J. Upchurch." 

44 Life of Father Upchurch. 

railroading again. 

I was then put on the Clarinda Branch, where I remained 
until the work was nearly completed. I received a letter 
from J. W. Blanchard to go to Marysville; he said that he 
had applied for the position of foreman in the round-house 
at Council Bluffs for me, and that Mr. Selby, the general 
master mechanic, said he would give it to me, but wanted 
me to go to TNIoberly, when we could have a talk. I called 
on him, showed him my letters from the best railroaders in 
the East, when he said he wanted me to go to work in the 
shop. He thought after awhile he could give me a shop. 
I went to work. 


Having been previously invited by the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen Lodges, of Meadville, Pennsylvania, to 
visit them during the session of their Grand Lodge to be 
held the second Tuesday in January, 1880, I accepted the 
invitation. On my arrival in Meadville, I was met at the 
depot by Bro. W. A. Dungan, Chairman of the Committee 
of Reception, and was conducted to rooms in the McHenry 
House. The next day I visited the Grand Lodge, and was 
warmly received by my old friends. The meeting of the 
Lodge was a very interesting one. At the close of the session, 
a grand banquet was given by the Lodges and citizens of 
the city in Library Hall. About four hundred members and 
invited guests sat down to this magnificent repast. A num- 
ber of fine addresses were delivered on the occasion. 


I remained here until Monday, and then went to Frank- 
lin, accompanied by Bro. Albert Hayden. On my arrival 
I was met by a committee at the depot, and escorted to the 

Moves to Pennsylvania. 45 

hotel. In the evening a grand reception was given me at 
the Opera House, the hall being packed to its utmost ca- 
pacity. I was conducted to the sta^e by Bro. Samuel B. 
Myers, who delivered the address of welcome in a feeling 
and enthusiastic strain of eloquence, which was responded 
to by repeated applause. 

I was then introduced and gave them a short talk. When 
I had finished, Brother McClure arose and addressed me 
in the most beautiful strain of language and fraternal senti- 
ment one could wish to have, concluding by presenting me 
with a beautiful gold-headed cane, appropriately engraved 
on behalf of the members of No. 3. 

I replied, accepting the beautiful and useful token of 
their friendship, as well as the fullness of my heart could 

At the conclusion of the exercises, all were invited to the 
banquet-hall, where a magnificent feast had been prepared 
by the ladies. About six hundred members and invited 
guests sat down to enjoy the rare viands that had been 
placed before us. We had a very good time, and one never 
to be forgotton by me. Franklin is a beautiful as well as a 
wealthy little city. My friends tried to procure a situation 
for me, but there was nothing to be had. They said if I 
was located there it would not be long before I would find 
employment. I remained here a few days and then 
returned to Moberly, Mo. On reaching there, I received a 
letter from my wife, stating that a gentleman wished to 
purchase my property. 


I immediately went home, sold my place, and went back to 
Franklin, Pennsylvania, and procured a situation in the 
shops of the Oil Well Supply Company, Oil City, at two 

46 Life of Father Upchurch. 

dollars and a half a day. I worked two weeks, when the 
superintendent stated that the other men had found out 
that I was getting more than what had been agreed 
upon by the shops; they demanded that my wages be re- 
duced to two dollars and thirty cents. I refused to accept 
the reduction and left the shop. I then went down to 
Franklin, and entered into an agreement with Mr. Elnery to 
run his machine shop on shares. I rented a house and sent 
for my family, or rather a part of them, my wife and two 
youngest children. 

I thought I would do well, but the price of oil went down 
to seventy-one cents per barrel. The operators would have 
nothing done unless they were compelled to do so. I re- 
mained here two months and received forty dollars. I 
became discouraged; there was an excursion party going 
West over the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, on 
Monday morning. I made up my mind to return West. I 
had posters struck off; Tuesday afternoon I sold out; and 
on Wednesday morning, at eight o'clock, I was on the train 
going West. 


We went to Kansas City; I liad received a letter that 
there was a job for me when I arrived; but when I got there 
the place was filled. I could not find anything to do in the 
city, so I decided to send my family to Marysville to see 
some friends, and I w^ent to Sedalia, Missouri, where I got 
work in the shop of the Missouri Pacific Railroad. I rented 
a house and sent for my family. In the fall my health be- 
came so poor that I was not able to work more than half 
the time. 


During the winter of 1880-81, the members of the Order 
contributed about four thousand dollars to my relief, which 

Honors Extended to Him. 47 

was a relief, indeed. While in Franklin, being fearful that 
the manuscript of the work of the Order might get lost, 
moving around so much, I left it in charge of Bro. Samuel 
B. Myers, for safe-keeping. He still retains it, and probably 
will do so until my death. 


In the spring of 1881, we again moved to Steelville, 
Missouri. I opened an undertaker's office and lumber-yard, 
but did not do much business. 


In June, 1882, the members of the Order in Cincinnati 
invited me to visit them during the session of the Supreme 
Lodge, at their expense. I accepted the invitation, and on 
my arrival I was met at the depot by a Committee of Recep- 
tion and escorted to the Gibson House, where most of the 
Supreme Lodge representatives^were stopping. 

On the next morning I was presented to the Supreme 
Lodge by the Past Supreme Master Workman Frizzell, and 
Samuel B. Myers, in a speech by the latter, to which I re- 
plied in a short talk. We had a fine session, and on the 
re-election of Brother Baxter to the office of Supreme Master 
Workijian, I was elected to the office of Past Supreme Mas- 
ter Workman. 


A resolution was introduced and passed, inviting me to 
visit the Supreme Lodge whenever I felt so disposed, and 
that I be paid mileage and per diem the same as representa- 
tives. I replied with many thanks. With some members 
of the Supreme Lodge I visited the Subordinate Lodges 
each night we were in the city. We were escorted to the 
garden on the heights. On Friday, thirty carriages were 
procured and filled with members of the Supreme Lodge 

48 Life of Father Upchurch. 

and invited guests under the efficient leadership of Bro. S. 
S. Davis, Supreme Receiver, and we were driven through 
the city, the first stop being at the Exposition Building, 
which is a magnificent structure. The Music Hall is fitted 
up in grand style and has the next largest organ in the United 
States, on which the professor gave us some excellent music. 
On leaving here, went to Cook's Carriage Factory, where we 
saw vehicles of all kinds and styles being manufactured in 
all their various branches. There were seven hundred men 
employed in these works. 

We then proceeded to the city work-house, were con- 
ducted through the establishment by the warden, and its 
operations explained. When we were about ready to depart, 
we were invited to partake of a repast that had been pro- 
vided in a magnificent style, to which ample justice was 
done, after which a number of fine speeches were made. 

We again entered carriages and were driven to the ceme- 
tery, which contains three thousand acres, and is said to be 
the finest in the United States. On leaving here, we were 
taken through the suburbs of the city, which surpass any- 
thing I have ever seen for beauty and excellence. 


We next stopped at the Zoological Gardens, which con- 
tain a fine collection of rare birds and animals from almost 
every nation and clime. At half past three o'clock dinner 
was announced, to which about five hundred sat down. 
Old Father Hennessy, of Washington Lodge, No. i (the 
second Lodge that was ever instituted), took me under his 
especial care. When we sat down to dinner, I noticed that 
Father Hennessy and myself were placed at opposite ends 
of the table from the Supreme Lodge officers. After awhile 
Father Hennessy said that a brother at the other end of the 

Attends the Supreme Lodge at Buffalo. 49 

table wished to see me; so we left our seats and went for- 
ward, when Bro. John Frizzell arose and presented me with 
a magnificent gold badge, anchor and shield, with diamonds 
set in the anchor. On the reverse side is engraved, "Pre- 
sented to J. J. Upchurch, P. S. M. W., Father^of the A. O. 
U. W., by the members of the Supreme Lodge, 1882." 

The presentation was made in a grand flow of language, 
which cliaracterizes every speech made by the Honorable 

I was taken so much by surprise that for some moments 
I was unable to reply; but finally did so with many thanks, 
pledging myself to wear the offering in honor of the donors 
and with credit to myself. 

Dinner over, we again took carriages and drove through the 
park to the hotel. The next day we visited the water-works, 
which is a splendid piece of work. At noon we visited the 
fire department, when the men and horses went through 
their drill in fine style. On Monday returned home. 
attends the supreme lodge at buffalo. 
In 1883, I attended the Supreme Lodge at Buffalo, which 
was a very pleasant session; visited several Subordinate 
Lodges, took a drive around the old fort, and through the 
park, stopping at the hotel in the park where a magnificent 
banquet had been prepared for the hundreds of Workmen, 
ladies, and invited guests, to which ample justice was done. 
I was introduced to the Mayor and many brother Workmen. 
There was some excellent music and dancing. 

On the next evening we had a moonlight excursion on 
the lake, which was very delightful. After landing, on our 
return, three companies of '^ Select Knights" escorted us to 
the hotel. 

The following day a special train was engaged to convey 

50 Life of Father (Jpchurch. 

us to Niagara Falls; we took dinner at the International 
Hotel, and when we were through, took carriages and drove 
on to Goat Island, where we had a fine view of the Ameri- 
can and Horse-shoe Falls. We then went up to the upper 
end of the island and had a good view of the Rapids. We 
here entered carriages and crossed over to the Canadian 
side, where we had a view of the falls from John Bull's 
territory. We then returned to the Am.erican side and 
entered the park. After spending a couple of hours there, 
we returned to the hotel and took supper. We again 
visited the park under the electric lights. The sight was 
most beautiful, the park being illuminated in a magnificent 
manner. At ten o'clock, p. m., we took the cars for Bufialo. 
The next day we started for home and arrived safely. 


While in Buffalo, Dr. A. B. Robbins, one of the repre- 
sentatives to the Supreme Lodge, published a card in one 
of the Buffalo papers, to the effect that Brother Lenhart, of 
No I, Meadville, and himself were the authors of our bene- 
ficiary article. Brother Lenhart immediately arose in the 
Supreme Lodge and emphatically denied the assertion, 
soon after which, Bro. Samuel B. Myers, of Franklin, No. 
3, offered the following from the Supreme Lodge Joiirfial: — 


" At the late session of the Supreme Lodge, Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, held at Buffalo, New York, the 
following resolution was adopted: — 

^^ Resolved, That the Supreme Recorder place upon the 
minutes the record of our Order, together with the objects 
of our Order as originally promulgated, as well as the fact 
as to who prepared and submitted the original Constitution 
and Ritual. 

His Right Sustained. 51 

" In accordtince with the above resolution, the following 
statement is submitted: — 

" In the year 1868, Bro. J. J. Upchurch, Past Supreme 
Master Workman, resided in Meadville, Pennsylvania, and 
was cni^aged as a machinist in the railroad shops of the 
Atlantic & Great Western Railroad. 

•' He was proposed and elected to membership in the 
Order known as ' The League of Friendship, Supreme 
Mechanical Order of the Sun.' 

"The conduct of the business of the Order not proving 
satisfactory to the membership, it was resolved by the 
League at Meadville to abandon its Charter and organize a 
new Order. 

" To this end a committee of seven members of the 
Lodge, consisting of J. J. Upchurch as Chairman, W. W. 
Walker, J. R. Umberger, M. H. McNair, Henry Deross, A. 
Klock, and J. R. Hulse, were appointed to report at a future 

" Brother Upchurch was, at the date of the dissolution of 
the League, occupying the position of presiding officer, viz., 
Honorable Master of the Lodge. 

"The committee, on the evening of October 11, 1868, 
met at the house of Brother Upchurch, who presented the 
objects and plans of an Order which for years he had been 
considering. The committee was so favorably impressed 
with the objects and plans presented by Brother Upchurch, 
that it was resolved to intrust the entire matter of formulat- 
ing a Ritual, Constitution, and By-Laws to govern the 
Order, to him. 

" At a meeting of the members of the defunct League, 
held ctober 27, 1868, Brother Upchurch, as Chairman of 
the committee, presented a Ritual* ond Constitution for a 
new Order, which was accepted, and an organization was at 
once perfected under the provisions thereof. 

'' The following named persons were present and obligated 

*The Is-itual, presented bv Brother Upchurch, was continued in use 
by the Order until the organization of the Supreme Lodge of the Order, 
in the year 1873. 

52 Life of Father Upchurch. 

as members of the Order, each paying a fee of one dollar 
for membership: — 

J. J. Upchurch, A. Oaster, P. Linen, T. F. Upchurch, C. 
W. Newberry, W. S. White, J. R. Flulse, M. H. McNair, 
Henry Ueross, J. R. Umberger, S. Rositer, P. Lawson, A. 
P. Ogden, and J. Tracy. 

Officers were elected and installed as follows: — 
J. J. Upchurch, Master Workman; J. R. Umberger, Chief 
Foreman; J. A. Tracy, Overseer; M. H. McNair, Secre- 
tary; J. R. Hulse, Treasurer; Henry Deross, Guide; A. P. 
Ogden, Chaplain; W. S. White, Outside Watchman; S. 
Rositer, Inside Watchman; Trustees, W. C. Newberry, T. 
F. Upchurch, and P. Linen. 


In 1884, I visited the Supreme Lodge at Toronto, in the 
Province of Canada. We were nobly received, and every- 
thing was done that could be to make the occasion the 
most pleasant, and cement the Brothers of the two Govern- 
ments, if possible, more closely together. We had a grand 
good time at Floral Hall. There was an immense crowd, a 
number of fine speeches being delivered on the principles 
and benefits derived from the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. A magnificent banquet was prepared at the 
hotel, the occasion being well attended by the members of the 
Supreme Lodge, invited guests, and ladies. There were a 
number of eloquent speeches by the Mayor of the city, the 
Lieutenant-Governor of the State, and many others. It 
was a time long to be remembered by all who participated 
in it. I visited a number of Subordinate Lodges and 
addressed the members. We were honored with a steam- 
boat excursion on the lake, went up the mouth of the 
Niagara, passed Fort Niagara, with the flags of the two 
Governments at the mast-head. Had a most pleasant ses- 

Meets P. G. M. W. Barnes of California. 53 


I had been invited to visit a Lodge meeting at Buffalo on 
my return home, which I consented to do. I took the cars 
at Toronto for Buffalo, but not being directed which car 
went over to Erie, I got in the wrong one. When the con- 
ductor came around, he said that I must get into the next car 
in the rear, but that I would have ample time to change at 
the Falls; and as Bro. E. M. Ford was going over the same 
line, we concluded to wait until we reached the Falls before 
making the change. On the stopping of the train there 
was a perfect rush of men, women, and boys for the car that 
we were in; the passage-way was blocked for some minutes 
and I was almost thrown down. Finally our train started, 
and when the conductor came through, I found that I was 
unfortunate enough at the Falls to have had my pocket 
picked of all the money I possessed and a return ticket to 
St. Louis, amounting in all to .about one hundred and 
twenty-five dollars. It was like a thunder-bolt thrown at me; 
being hundreds of miles from home, and without a cent to 
pay my fare, you may imagine my feelings. 

Bro. E. M. Ford, Grand Recorder of Kansas, paid my 
fare to Buffalo. Brother Beach, of the Fraternal Censor, 
was in waiting for me at the depot, when Brother Ford 
related to him my mishap. 


We entered a hack and went direct to the hall. Here 
were Grand Master Loomis, of New York, and Past Grand 
Master Workman, Wm. H. Barnes, of California. I was in- 
troduced to the audience, when I addressed them with all the 
enthusiasm at my command under the circumstances. Broth- 
ers Loomis and Barnes having been informed of the robbery, 

54 Life of Father Upchurch. 

the latter made known to the audience my unfortunate con- 
dition, when a contribution of twenty-seven dollars was 
promptly raised for my relief. In the morning, Brother 
Beach took me to the office of the Chief of Police. I made 
known my statement to him, but he thought the chance to 
discover the thief was slim — which proved to be a fact. 
He, however, went with us to the railroad office and got me 
a ticket over the Canadian Southern to Chicago. Brother 
Beach gave me a letter of introduction to the superintend- 
ent of the Mail Service, who procured me a ticket over the 
Chicago & Alton to St Louis. I feel myself deeply 
indebted to the Brothers of Buffalo, and to the superintend- 
ent of the Mail Service at Chicago, for their kindness. 


The appendix published by the Supreme Recorder, as 
directed by the Supreme Lodge, held at Buffalo, brought 
out a protest from W. W. Walker, the head and front of the 
secession wing of the Order, stating that he was the founder 
of the Order of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
His assurances were put in such positive language that the 
Supreme Lodge felt called upon to investigate the matter, 
and it was called up and referred to Brother Babst, of Penn- 
sylvania, Chairman of the Committee on Appendix, and 
the following report was adopted: — 


Toronto, Ontario, June 5, 1884. 
" To the Supreme Lodge Aiicient Order of United Work- 

ine7i: — 

"Your committee appointed to investigate the correct- 
ness of the appendix to proceedings of Supreme Lodge 
session of 1883, and the protest of Bro. W. W. Walker 
against its adoption, would respectfully report that we have 

First Constitution of the A. O. U. W. 55 

examined the protest, and on comparing it with the records, 
find that Bro. W. W. Walker is mistaken in the subject matter 
of his protest. We find, from evidence before us, that Bro. 
J.J. Upchurch, as early as 1865, had submitted to persons the 
same principles that were afterwards incorporated in the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. We find, from the 
records of the Order, that Bro. J. J. Upchurch was author 
of the Ritual in the organization of the Order, was the Chair- 
man of the Committee on Constitution, By-Laws and 
Insurance Article (as it was called). We find, also, that 
Bro. W. W. Walker was not a member of the Order until 
the second meeting after the organization. We find the 
records so plain and complete in this respect, that, in the 
judgment of your committee, there is no question as to Bro. 
J. J. Upchurch being the founder of the Order, and 
recommend the approval of appendix to the proceedings of 

[Stgn^:d] Chas. Babst, \ 

Theo. a. Case, V Committee^ 
(5. R. Barry, ) 


" The following is a copy of the objects and Constitution 
entire, as presented by Bro. J. J. Upchurch to Jefferson 
1 odge. No. I, Ancient Order of United Workmen,— the first 
Lodge of the Order, instituted at Meadville, Pennsylvania, 
October 27, 1868:" — 

[We make no apology for inserting this document entire, 
for the reasons, first, because it was the original law by 
which the Order was first governed, and, second, because it 
is entirely the work of the founder himself. He has been 
called "a simple minded, honest man." A careful perusal 
of this Constitution, however, will convince the reader that 
no man could conceive and write it out, whose mind was 
not at once comprehensive and analytical. — Ed.] 

56 Life of Father Upchurch. 


Preamble. — The Mechanics and Workingmen gener- 
ally have long since seen the necessity of an Order being 
established on principles liberal enough to embrace all the 
various branches of the mechanical and scientific arts, 
believing that by so doing, the interests of its members will 
receive greater protection; for where there is union there is 



Section i. This Organization shall be known as Jeffer- 
son Lodge, No. I, of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, to be composed of mechanics and mechanics' helpers, 
artists, and their assistants of all the various branches. Its 
executive functions shall be vested in the officers hereinafter 
provided for, according to the powers, privileges, and limi- 
tations specified and enumerated. 


Section i. Its object shall be, first, to unite all mechan- 
ics and mechanics' helpers, and those regularly employed 
in any branch of the mechanical arts, so that they may form 
a united body for the defense and protection of their inter- 
ests against all encroachments, by elevating labor to the 
standard it is justly entitled to. 

Sec. 2. To create and foster a more friendly and co- 
operative feeling among those who have a common interest, 
thereby enabling them to act promptly and decidedly in 
any matter which may affect their interest. 

Sec 3. To examine and discuss those laws and usages, 
National, State, and Municipal, which may be in contradic- 
tion to their interest; to establish and maintain a library 
for the purpose of inducing, its members to acquire that 
knowledge which wall prepare and fit them for any station 
in society. 

Sec. 4. To hold lectures from time to time, as the inter- 
est of the Order may require ; the reading of essays, and 

First Constitution of the A. O. U. W. 57 

the examination and discussion of the merits and demerits 
of new imi)rovements, etc. 

Sec. 5. To use all legitimate means in their power to 
adjust all differences which may arise between employers 
and employes, and to labor for the development of a plan 
of action that may be beneficial to both jjarties, based on 
the eternal truth that the interest of labor and capital are 
equal and should receive equal protection. 

Sec. 6. To discountenance strikes except when ihey 
become absolutely necessary for their protection, and then 
only after all efforts at adjustment have failed. 

Sec 7. To give all moral and material aid in their power 
to members of this Order who may be afflicted or oppressed, 
or who may be laboring under great difficulties, to amelio- 
rate their condition. 

Sec. 8. To combine and direct all their influence for the 
elevation of the mechanic and laborer in mental, moral, 
social, and civil positions. 



Section i. All mechanics, artisans, engineers, firemen, 
train conductors, blacksmiths' helpers, and all white male 
persons in any branch of the mechanical and scientific arts 
and sciences, twenty-one years of age, of a good moral 
character, are eligible to membership to this Order. 


Sec. 2. In balloting for candidates for membership, if 
.one blackball appears, the candidate shall be declared 
rejected unless a motion is carried to reconsider the vote, 
when a new ballot may be had at the next stated meeting. 
Should one or more blackballs aj^pear at the second bailout, 
the candidate shall be declared rejected. Should more 
than one blackball appear at the first ballot, the candidate 
shall be declared rejected, when another application shall 
not be entertained for six months. 

58 Life of Father Upchurch. 


Sec. 3. All propositions for membership shall be made 
in writing, stating age, residence, and occupation, to be 
recommended by a member of this Order. The petition 
shall be accompanied by one-half the initiation fee, and read 
in the regular meetings of the Order, and referred to a com- 
mittee of three members, who shall use every lawful means 
to ascertain the character and standing of the applicant. 
This application shall be read at each regular meeting, and 
lay over two weeks, when a ballot shall be had. Any one 
knowing the applicant to be of bad character shall make the 
fact known to said committee. 

Sec. 4. Should any member blackball an applicant on 
account of personal, political, or religious differences, or for 
anything except being unworthy to sit in the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen, he shall, on conviction, be repri- 
manded, suspended, or expelled, as the Order may direct 
by a two-thirds vote. 

Sec. 5. The initiation fee shall not be less than two dol- 
lars, one-half to accompany the proposition, the balance to 
be collected by the Secretary. Before the initiation, should 
the candidate be elected and fail to come forward for initia- 
tion for the space of one month, the proposition fee shall be 
declared forfeited, unless a good and sufficient reason be 
given. Should he be rejected, the proposition fee shall be 



Section i. The regular meetings of this Order shall be 
held weekly, at such time and place as a majority of the 
members present may from time to time determine. 

Sec. 2. Five members and one officer shall constitute a 
quorum for the transaction of business. 

Sec. 3. A member of the Order who may pass an exam- 
ination, or be vouched for by a member, shall be entitled to 
sit in the Lodge, but shall take no part in the business 
transactions unless invited, but may speak under the rule of 
the Good of the Order. 

First Constitution of the A. O. U. W. 59 



Section i. The officers of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, shall be a Master Workman, a Chief Foreman, 
Overseer, Guide, Outside Watchman, Inside Sentinel, 
Secretary, Treasurer, Chaplain, and .three Trustees, wlio 
shall be elected with their own consent at the last regular 
meeting in September, and be installed the first regular 
meeting in October, or as soon thereafter as practicable. 

Sec.^2. All officers shall be elected by ballot and receive 
a majority of all the votes cast. When there is more than 
one candidate running for the same office, the one receiv- 
ing the lowest number of votes shall be withdrawn. 


DUTIES OF officers. 

Section i. It is the duty of the Master Workman, as 
executive officer, to preside at all meetings, maintain order, 
execute, or cause to be executed, all laws, rules, and estab- 
lished usages of the Order, appoint committees, announce 
all votes, giving the casting vote in the case of a tie vote, 
call special meetings, sign all orders, certificates, drafts, and 
credentials, see that each officer attends stricdy to his duties, 
and have full returns and reports made out to the Grand 
Lodge, and forward therewith i\\^per capita tax before the 
installation of his successor, giving the number of members 
in good standing and the number reported suspended and 

Sec. 2. The Secretary shall keep a full and complete 
record of the transactions of the Order, countersign certif- 
icates, drafts, and credentials, collect all moneys, and enter 
the amounts in the minutes, and pay the amount over to the 
Treasurer, and take his receipt for same, notify candidates 
of election, call special meetings when ordered by the 
Master Workman, and perform such other duties as the 
Master Workman or the Order may direct; and, at the close 
of the year, make out a full report of the standing and con- 

60 Life of Father Upchurch. 

dition of the Order, and deliver to his successor in office 
all books, papers, and other property belonging to the 

Sec 3. The Treasurer shall receive and hold all money 
due or belonging to the Order, and have the same ready to 
meet any demands on the Treasury, and make disburse- 
ments when directed, by drafts or checks. He shall keep 
a correct account of all moneys received from whatever 
source, and how expended, by drafts, or checks, keeping 
them, on file as vouchers. He shall make out a quarterly 
report of the financial condition of the Order, and, at the 
close of the year, make out the annual report, and perform 
such other duties as the Master Workman or the 
may direct, and deliver to his successor all books, papers, 
moneys, and other property in his hands, belonging to the 
Order. He shall give a bond, wdth approved security, in 
such sum as the Order may direct, for the faithful perform- 
ance of his duties. 

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the Chief Foreman to 
render the Master Workman such assistance as he or the 
usages of the Order may require, and in the absence of the 
Master Workman, he shall take the supervision of the Order 
and preside in his stead. 

Sec. 5. The Overseer shall render such service as the 
Master Workman or Chief Foreman may require, and in 
the absence of the Chief Foreman, shall fill his station. 

Sec. 6. The Guide shall introduce all candidates, and, 
with a committee, shall examine all visitors or strangers, 
and see t.iat members are properly clothed, and collect and 
take charge of the regalia, etc., and perform such other 
duties as may be required from time to time. 

Sec. 7. The Sentinel shall guard well the inner and outer 
doors, keep off all intruders, and perform such other duties 
as the Master Workman or the usages of the Order may 
require from time to time. 

Sec. 8. The Chaplain shall perform the opening and 
closing ceremonies, and assist in such other duties as the 
usages of the Order may require. 

First Constitution of the A. O. U. W. 61 


Section i. The regalia shall belong to the Order. 


Section i. Every Subordinate Lodge shall pay to the 
Grand Lodge a tax of one dollar per annum for each mem- 
ber in good standing, in quarterly installments, for- the sup- 
port of the Grand Lodge. 



Section i. Any member violating his obligation shall be 
dealt with as specified herein. 

Sec. 2. On conviction of any other offense against the 
Constitution, rules, or usages of the Order, neglect of duty, 
or contempt in the meetings, he shall be reprimanded, fined, 
suspended, or expelled, as the case may require. 

Sec. 3. All charges shall be made in writing, stating the 
offense to the Secretary, who shall, under the call for '•' New 
Business," read the same in opening assembly; and if not 
withdrawn, with proper explanations, the Master Workman 
shall appoint a time w^hen the party shall be tried in open 
assembly. He shall be permitted to conduct his own case, 
or select counsel from the members of the Order. The 
Master Workman, Chief Foreman, and Overseer, Guide, 
and Chaplain, shall act as judges in the case. Should the 
party feel aggrieved, he may take an appeal to the Grand 
Lodge, which shall be final. He will not, however, be per- 
mitted to take part in the proceedings of the Order while 
his case is pending. 


Section i. This Constitution shall not be altered or 

62 Life of Father Upchurch. 

amended except by and with the consent of the Grand 



Section i. Each Subordinate Lodge may enact such by- 
laws and rules of order as may be required for its workings, 
when not in conflict with the Constitution, subject to the 
approval of the Grand Lodge. 


Section i. The Board of Trustees shall hold all property, 
real or personal, in trust for the Order, invest all moneys 
when directed by the Order, taking bond with approved 
security, and, at the close of their term, shall make a full 
report to the Lodge. 

Sec. 2. All special committees shall report at the next 
regular meeting of the Order, unless otherwise directed. 
All committees shall be appointed from members present. 

Sec. 3. The Secretary and Treasurer shall furnish, when 
directed by the Master Workman, or the Order, all infor- 
mation that may be in their possession, in the transaction of 


Section i. No Subordinate Lodge shall be dissolved as 
long as there are five members in good standing who ob- 
ject thereto. 

Sec. 2. Should a Lodge be dissolved, or charter forfeited, 
all books, papers, money, and property of whatsoever de- 
scription, shall be delivered to the Deputy Grand Master 
Workman, having charge of the district for the benefit of 
the Grand Lodge. 


Section i. When a vacancy shall occur in any office, an 
election shall be held at a regular meeting as soon there- 
after as practicable, to fill the office for the unexpired term. 

First Constitution of the A. 0. U. W. 63 


Section i. In the absence of the District Deputy Grand 
Master Workman, the Master Workman, or any Past Mas- 
ter Workman, may install the officers. 

Sfx. 2. The Master Workman, Chief Foreman, Overseer, 
Treasurer, Guide, and Chaplain, shall constitute a Relief 
Committee, under the direction of the Master Workman. 
Each member shall be subject to his orders in attending to 
the sick or disabled members, subject, on failure, to a fine 
of fifty cents. 


Section i. Each Subordinate Lodge shall elect, at their 
regular annual election, two representatives to the Grand 
Lodge to serve for one year. 

business committee. 

Sec. 2. The Master Workman shall appoint a Standing 
Business Committee, whose duty shall be to correspond 
with the different Lodges and members out of employment, 
and those with situations to be filled, and report immedi- 
ately the fact to the proper persons, at the intelligence 
office at headquarters. They shall also report weekly to 
the Lodge they are subject to. 



Section t. There shall be established, when the Order 
numbers one, thousand members, an insurance office; and 
policies issued, securing at the death of the member insured, 
not less than $500, to be paid to his lawful heirs. 


Section i. When there are six Subordinate Lodges 
established in any State, they shall call a meeting of two 
representatives from each Subordinate Lodge, and establish 
a State Grand Lodge, subject only to the National or Su- 
preme Lodge. 

64 Life of Father Upchurch. 



Section i. The words "white male person" in Article 
III, Section i, of this Constitution shall not be altered, 
amended, or expunged, but shall remain unalterably fixed 
as specified. 

" Jefferson Lodge, No. i, organized under the foregoing 
Constitution, constituted itself the Provisional Grand Lodge 
of the United States, vesting in an Executive Committee, 
consisting of J. J. Upchurch, R. Grieves, and P. Linen, full 
power to act as Provisional Grand Lodge officers. 

organizing grand lodge of PENNSYLVANIA. 

"On the sixth day of October, 1869, the Grand Lodge of 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen of Pennsylvania 
was organized at Meadville, Pennsylvania, and the follow- 
ing Grand Officers duly elected and installed: J. J. Up- 
church, Grand Master Workman; O. M. Barnes, Grand 
General Foreman; A. Klock, Grand Overseer; R. Grieves, 
Grand Secretary; P. Linen, Grand Treasurer; D. Ruling, 
Grand Chaplain; D. H. Bush, Grand Guide; J. Carronay, 
Grand Sentinel; P. Oaster and A. Oaster, Grand Trustees. 

" At this meeting, Bro. J. J. Upchurch presented the fol- 
lowing amendment to Article XVII (Insurance Article), 
which was adopted and became a part of the Constitution." 


Section i. Each and every candidate for initiation shall 
pay to the Financier the sum of one dollar for* insurance, 
and the sum of all such payments, to be known as the Insur- 
ance Fund, shall be placed by each individual Subordinate 
Lodge, in bank or other secure place, from which it can be 
drawn at sight, when called for by the Grand Lodge, or the 
immediate necessity of the Subordinate Lodge, as herein- 
after provided. 

Sec. 2. The highest policy of insurance guaranteed by 
this Constitution shall not exceed $2,000, and until such 
time as the above sum shall have been subscribed to, at the 

First Constitution of the A. O. U. W. 05 

rate specified in Section i, the issue of the insurance policy 
shall be equal in amount, in dollars, to the actual number 
of members in the Order. 

Sec. 3. On the death of a brother, the Relief Committee, 
through the Trustees, shall draw the amount of insurance 
held by the Subordinate Lodge of which the deceased has 
been a member, and after having defrayed all funeral ex- 
penses, deliver the balance to his family, or heirs; provided, 
however, that the Lodge shall be assured and satisfied that 
the money thus placed at their disposal shall be judiciously 
used by and for the maintenance of the family of the de- 
ceased; otherwise, it shall be held in trust by the Lodge, 
and delivered in such sums and at such times as the cir- 
cumstances of the family may demand. Should it so 
happen that the death of two or more brothers occur at the 
same time, the amount of insurance fund on hand shall be 
equally divided between the families or heirs of each, and 
as soon thereafter as provided in Section 5 of this Article, 
when the insurance assessment shall be collected, the bal- 
ance to which the heirs are entitled shall immediately be 
forwarded to the respective claimants. 

Sec. 4. The Recorder of the Subordinate Lodge in which 
a death may happen, shall immediately notify the Grand 
Recorder of the fact, when the Grand Lodge shall collect 
the several sums of Insurance Fund held by each and all the 
other Subordinate Lodges, and forward the amount to the 
Recorder of the Subordinate Lodge of which the deceased 
brother was a member, and said Lodge shall see that the 
entire sum thus placed in its hands shall be properly and 
judiciously applied for the benefit of the family or heirs of 
the deceased. 

Sec. 5. To replace the Insurance Fund drawn on the 
occasion of the death of a brother, each member shall pay 
to the Financier of his respective Lodge the sum of one 
dollar; provided, however, that the number of members in 
the Order does not exceed two thousand, but if over two 
thousand, the Grand Lodge, at its regular stated session, 
shall designate the pro rata assessment, which shall be paid 
to furnish the maximum amount of insurance, which shall 
be placed as provided in Section i. 

GG Life of Father Upchurch. 

Sec. 6. Any member refusing or failing to pay the insurance 
assessment within thirty days alter having been duly notified 
by the Financier, shall forfeit his membership in the Order; 
and any Subordinate Lodge failing to forward the amount 
of insurance held by it for the term of twenty days, after 
being duly notified by the Recorder of the Grand Lodge, 
shall forfeit its Charter; and all books, papers, and other 
property, shall be placed in the possession of the District 
Deputy Grand Master Workman. 

Sec. 7. The Financier of each Subordinate Lodge shall 
keep a record of all business relating to insurance, in a 
book set apart for that purpose alone. 


Sec. 8. A member fifty years of age or upwards, feeling 
incapable of further pursuing daily manual labor, and who 
can exhibit an honorable record in the Order for ten suc- 
cessive preceding years, desiring to enter upon a trade or 
business more suitable to his declining health or strength, 
may, .upon application to the Lodge of which he is a mem- 
ber, obtain half the amount of insurance to which in case of 
death his family or heirs would be entitled. 

Sec. 9. When the insurance contribution shall have 
reached the sum of not less than $1,000, any member whose 
record is of good standing for one next preceding year, 
and clear of all charges on the books, rendered, by disease 
or accident, permanently incapable of supporting himself 
or family by manual labor, and wishing to enter upon busi- 
ness suitable to his physical condition, may receive insurance 
in the sum of one-fourth the amount then on hand; and 
to a brother afflicted with total disability, the above sum 
of one-fourth the amount on hand, shall be issued by in- 
stallments, at such time and in such sums as the Lodge 
may determine. 

Sec. 10. a brother entitled to the provisions set forth in 
Sections 8 and 9, shall not be permitted to enter upon a 
business that may have a tendency to bring disrepute or 
dishonor on himself or the Order, or which may lead 
directly to favor intemperance, immorality, or vice. And 

First Constitution of the A. O. U. W. 67 

no member shall be entitled to the privileges set forth in 
Section 9, who may, by disreputable means, reduce himself 
to a condition of distress. 

Sec. II. When an aged or disabled brother shall make 
application for insurance, as per Sections 8 and 9, the Mas- 
ter Workman shall api^int a committee of five who shall 
thoroughly, rigidly, and impartially, investigate the character 
and record of the applicant, the kind of business he con- 
tem.plates entering upon, and his qualifications and ability 
to conduct the same successfully; and in rendering a report 
to the Lodge thereon, at each of three successive or stated 
meetings, a decision shall be rendered, subject, however, to 
the approval of the Grand Lodge at its annual or semi-an- 
nual session. A majority of the above committee shall be 
chosen from the list of elective officers of the Lodge. 

Sec. 12. Any member of the committee failing to 
promptly comply with the requirements of Section 11, or 
who may by fraudulent representations tend to deceive the 
Lodge, thereby producing a partial or unjust decision, shall 
be suspended or expelled, as the Lodge may determine. 

Sec. 13. When it is definitely decided to extend to any 
brother the privileges set forth in Sections 8 and 9, it shall 
be the duty of the Supreme Lodge, before paying any money 
to said brother, to demand and receive from him his bond, 
duly and legally drawn up, and indorsed by two responsible 
parties, for an amount equal to that which he receives from 
the Insurance Fund, as security for his observance of com- 
pliance wdth, and maintenance of, all and every requirement 
of this Constitution at all times and under any and all cir- 
cumstances during life. 

Sec 14. a brother may designate and have recorded in 
the insurance book, the person or persons whom he may 
choose to recognize as his legal heir or heirs, and have the 
same changed at any time he may desire. 

Sec. 15. Should no such designation and record be made 
by a brother, the Supreme Lodge shall, at its discretion, se- 
lect one or more, or divide in equal shares, among the fol- 
lowing relatives of the deceased: wife, children, father, 
mother, sister, and brother. 

68 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Sec. 1 6. When no heir shall have been designated, ac- 
cording to Section 14, or the Lodge knows of no legal heir 
of the deceased brother, the amount of insurance in the 
hands of each Subordinate Lodge shall thereafter be known 
as the Relief Fund, to be used in affording relief to brothers 
out of employment, or traveling in search of the same, or 
other assistance to a brother in distress, in which event the 
Insurance Fund shall again be replenished as provided in 
Section 5. 

Sec. 17. A member who has not received the degree of 
" Master Workman," shall not be entitled to the benefits of 
insurance as set forth in Sections 8 and 9. 


" The foregoing establishes, beyond a question, the fact 
that to Bro. J. J. Upchurch, Past Supreme Master Work- 
man, is due the credit of first conceiving the plan or organ- 
ization of the A. O. U. W.; and also formulating a Ritual, 
Constitution, and Laws for its use and government. 

M. W. Sackett, Supreme Recorder.'' 

I here wish to return my heart-felt gratitude to Samuel B. 
Myers, of No. 3; W. A. Dungan, and J. M. McNair, of No i; 
and others, for their kind interest taken in my behalf in this 


The original working tools of the Order were, in the sec- 
ond degree, the square and compass, and explained thus: — 

"This beautiful instrument is called a square, two of its 
sides being at right angles, which is emblematic of our in- 
tegrity, and teaches us to walk uprightly before God and 
square our actions with all mankind, especially with a 
brother Workman. 

" These, my brother, are compasses. They teach us this 
lesson: that we should never overreach the bounds of propri- 
ety, and live within the circle of brotherly kindness." 

These tools formed the badsre of the Master Workman. 


> .- 3 


Original Working Tools. 71 

The working tools of the third degree were the plumb 
and trowel. 

The plumb was used in the erection of perpendicular walls, 
and was worn as a badge by the Overseer, and reminded 
us that we should plumb our actions with all mankind. 

The trowel was used to spread cement in the erection of 
the walls, but we used it for the more noble purpose of 
spreading the cement of brotherly kindness. It was worn 
as a badge by the Chief Foreman. 

In the fourth degree, the protractor and triangles were 
used as the working tools, and were explained thus: — 

" The working tools of this degree are the protractor and 
triangles. The former represents the earth's circumference, 
it being divided into three hundred and sixty equal parts, 
called degrees, and again subdivided into a like number of 
parts, called minutes and seconds. It also alludes to the 
human family having been dispersed over the whole face of 
the earth, for the purpose of extracting the principles of 
science from the great arcana of nature and giving them 
practical form of art. 

"The triangle of sixty degrees is the one-sixth of the 
earth's circumference, and may be used to divide the circle 
into six, twelve, twenty-four, or forty-eight equal parts, with- 
out the aid of any other instruments. The triangle of 
twenty-five degrees is the one-eighth of the earth's circum- 
ference, and may be used separately, or in connection with 
other triangles to divide the circle into four, eight, sixteen, 
or thirty-two equal parts. 

" These being the most useful instruments known to the 
scientific mechanic, with them he is enabled to reduce to 
form any mechanical idea, machine, or architectural design, 
without the aid of any other instrument." 


I will here insert the report of a special committee, to 
show that my ideas were rather in advance of the times: — 

Life of Father Upchurch. 

"Chicago, Illinois, March 9, 1875 
" Report of Committee on Ritual, which was received 
and placed on file. 

^'- To the Siip?-evie Lodge, Ancie?it Order of United Work- 
me7i — 

" Your committee, to whom was referred the offer of 
Past Grand Master Workman J. J. Upchurch, to furnish 
this Supreme Lodge with a draft of a Ritual of three 
degrees, would respectfully report: That after mature delib- 
eration we have come to the firm conclusion that we are 
neither ready nor able to institute and put into operation a 
new or higher class of degrees. While your committee 
venerates and loves good Brother Upchurch, and would speak 
well of the higher degrees (having had them conferred 
upon them), still we are compelled to recommend that this 
Supreme Lodge, for the present, do not burthen herself with 
this extra expense, as we have a new Ritual to be translated 
into the German language, and the whole printed in both the 
German and English languages. 

J. M. McNair, Comifiittee." 


On reaching home, I went to work with renewed energy 
to try and regain position. My wife is still living. W^e have 
had born to us fifteen children, eleven boys and four girls; 
the youngest is fifteen years of age. Six of them are now 
living, being all boys, and four of them are still with us. 
In 1883, I bought of A. W. Johnson, of this place, a half 
interest in store building and stock of general merchandise, 
which cost me two thousand eight hundred dollars; the 
other interest was owned by W. H, Davis, of this place. 
We carried on the business for eighteen months, when 
money matters became tight and I sold out my interest in 
the stock of goods to J. H. Hamel, holding onto the build- 
ing. Owing to the credit system, many bad debts were 
made, which will in all probability never be collected. 


^ce Page 71.) 

Visits and Presentation. 75 

Through this erroneous business system, nothing was made. 
I concluded to become a retired merchant. Not having 
business to keep myself and boys employed, I added agri- 
cultural implements to my business, but owing to the 
stringency of the times, failure of crops, etc., I have made 
nothing yet above a bare living. 


In 1885 I bought a patent right for six counties, on a 
new harrow, and undertook to manufacture them. Thus 
far I have not got my money out of them, but I have four- 
teen years longer to try my luck. 


In April, 1885, I was invited to visit a Lodge in Potosi, 
Missouri, which I did, and addressed a fine audience in the 
Masonic Temple. There was great interest taken in the 
proceedings, and I am of the opinion that much good will 
result from it. 

In May, I was surprised, on visiting Founders Lodge, No. 
257, of this place, whose name was given it in honor of 
myself, who got up the Lodge, by the presentation of a 
magnificent shaving mug and razor, with the emblems of the 
Order artistically arranged upon them. This presentation 
was made by Dr. J. T. Coffee in a splendid address on 
behalf of the members of the Lodge, to which I replied, 
thanking them earnesdy for this token of their appreciation 
of my labors in the interest of my fellow- men. The second 
meeting night after the above, I presented to the ^Founders 
Lodge my photograph of a suitable size to hang in the Lodge 


The following telegram was received at Cuba, Missouri, 
April 10, 1885: — 

76 Life of Father Qpchurch. 

" Oakland, Cal, April 9, 1885. 
" To J. J. Upchurch, P. S. M JV., Steelville, Mo:— 

" The Grand Lodge of California has by resolution 
authorized our Representative to invite you to come to Cal- 
ifornia at our expense. Pack your trunk now and get 
ready, as we propose to bring you back with us from Des 
Moines next June. William H. Jordan." 

This telegram was so unexpected I did not know how to 
answer it. I, however, wrote to. Brother Jordan that I did 
not see how I could leave my business, but should I be 
able to do so, I would accept the invitation and try to com- 
ply with their wishes. My family were opposed to my going 
for several reasons: — 

Firsf, I was not a public speaker, and in all probability 
the members in California would be sadly disappointed, and 
1 would create an unfavorable impression upon their minds. 

Second/)', That to go would be to neglect my business, 
which was yielding but a mere living with all my atten- 
tion. About ten days later, my son agreed to take charge 
of my business and do the best he could. Then it was 
decided that I should accept the invitation, and visit the 
Pacific Coast. 

accepts the invitation. 

I then wrote Brother Jordan that I would be ready to 
return with him from the Supreme Lodge Session. 
The following letter was received: — 

Oakland, Cal., May 23, 1885. 
" My Dear Brother Upchurch: The brethren here 
are making extensive preparations for your coming, and pro- 
pose to give you such a reception as has seldom been 
accorded any citizen. A change has been thought advisa- 
ble in the date of your arrival here, placing it on the 26th 
instead of the 17th, as was first proposed. So we shall not 

Starts For California. 77 

be able to leave the East until about the eighth or tenth 
day after the Supreme Lodge adjourns. I mention this to 
you so that if you wish to return home after the adjourn- 
ment you can do so, and we will meet you at any point 
on the line of the Chicago and Rock Island Road you may 
j)refer, or at the Missouri River. The exact date, however, 
we can arrange when we meet at Des Moines. The only 
important thing is to arrange that we can come on together, 
and yet not arrive here before the 26th of June. AH the 
details we will talk over when we meet at Des Moines at the 
Supreme Lodge. 

" All loyal Workmen in California (and we have none 
other) are anxiously looking forward to your coming. With 
sincere assurances of affection and esteem for you, 

"I am yours in the bands of C, H., and P., 

William H. Jordan. 

visits the supreme lodge at des motnes, and meets 
past grand master workman wm. h. jordan. 

June 9 I started for Des Moines to attend the session 
of the Supreme Lodge. Here I met Bro- W. H. Jordan, 
who informed me that our reception in San Francisco had 
been postponed from the 17th to the 26th, and that we 
should not reach there before the time appointed, and that 
I could remain in Des Moines or return home. I chose 
the latter. On the 17th I started for Council Bluffs, Iowa, 
and was joined by Brother Jordan from New York on the 


At twelve o'clock noon we took the Union Pacific Rail- 
road for San Francisco; saw^ some fine country, very pro- 
ductive, in Nebraska. At five o'clock took dinner at Grand 
Island. On the morning of the 19th we reached La Salle, 
in Colorado, five hundred twenty-two and one-half miles 
from Omaha. I arose early and went out on the platform 

78 Life of Father Upchurch. 

of our car, but a young man was there before me. I asked 
what it was so white on the mountain. He laughed, and 
replied that it was snow. I did not anticipate seeing snow 
until I had passed Denver. I stated that I would like to 
take a walk to it. He asked me how far I supposed it was. 
I replied, About three miles. He then informed me that it 
was eighteen or twenty miles off, which astonished me more 
than ever. 


We reached Denver at five minutes past seven o'clock, 
A. M., and were met at the depot by a committee, and taken 
to the Windsor House. In the afternoon we took a carriage 
and were driven over the city. It is a splendid city, many 
very expensive buildings, lovely drives, and from the high 
ground in the west you have a view of the city. There is 
an immense business transacted here. We drove out to the 
water-works, which are first-class in every particular. We 
then drove out to the trout hatchery establishment; there 
we saw millions of young fish, and some that would weigh 
from three to four pounds, all so gentle that the keeper 
could raise them out of the water with his hands. Then we 
visited the Court House, which is a splendid building, 
everything arranged in magnificent order. From its dome 
we had a fine view of the city and the surrounding country. 
Pike's Peak was pointed out to us, seventy-five miles away. 
I supposed it nearly twenty miles off. We descended from 
the Court House, and drove to the Capitol Square, which is 
a lovely spot, and I have no doubt but the building to be 
erected on it will be in keeping with the balance of the 


In the evening, the Select Knights of No. 7, in full uni- 
form, assembled at the Windsor House, and escorted us to 

Welcome By G. M. W. Louis Aufinger. 79 

the First Congregational Church, where a hearty welcome 
was extended to me as the father and founder of the Order, 
and to the Supreme Overseer W. H. Jordan, Past Grand 
Master Workman of California. A large audience had as- 
sembled at the church before the procession arrived, and 
when the officers of the Order and their escorts marched 
into the church it was nearly filled with people, there being 
just about seats enough to accommodate the Select Knights. 
Grand Master Louis Aufinger called the great assemblage 
to order, and invited all present to join in singing the open- 
ing ode. Prayer was offered by Rev. C. J. Adams, of All 
Saints' Church, North Denver. A fine quartette was then 


Grand Master Louis Aufinger then -delivered the-address 

of w^elcome as follows: — 

welcome by grand master workman LOUIS AUFINGER. 

" Father Upchurch, Brother Jordan, Brothers of 
THE Order, Ladies and Gentlemen: In every family there 
are events which are celebrated by festivities, where joy and 
happiness are supreme. Is there anything more joyful than 
where children meet their father, especially if that father is 
advanced in years, and has been for a long time separated 
from them ? Is it not, then, an occasion of great joy, this oc- 
casion of our having the privilege of welcoming our venerable 
father who sixteen years ago brought into existence our be- 
loved Order, which has grown to such proportions, and has 
accomplished so much for the cause of humanity? And I 
deem it no less a privilege to welcome our distinguished 
guest from California, who has done so much for the growth 
and prosperity of the Order. He has always proved a friend 
to our jurisdiction. And now, my dear brother, in behalf 
of the jurisdiction of Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, 
and in behalf of the Denver Lodges and Legions, I welcome 
you to our beautiful city. Our good wishes and prayers are 
for you, that prosperity, health, and happiness will follow 

80 Life of Father Upchurch. 

you wherever you may go. I now have the honor and 
pleasure of introducing the founder of our Order, Father 
J. J. Upchurch." 


I then stepped forward and addressed the audience. I 
assured them that I could not do justice to this occasion or 
express to them my gratitude and surprise at that great 
gathering, and that magnificent reception. I replied: — 

"I have been pleased and surprised at what I have seen 
in your beautiful mountain city. I have been very much 
surprised to see such a beautiful city, and am gratified at 
the good fortune that has brought me here. I never antici- 
pated meeting you here, and it is doubtful whether I could 
ever have had this pleasure had it not been for our good 
Brother Jordan, here, and the members of his Jurisdiction, 
who took it into their heads that I should visit California. 
But I am very glad to be here, and I bid you Godspeed in 
your grand and noble work. You have five Lodges here. 
Look at their faces — you can see intelligence and upright- 
ness. It does my heart good to know that the work of our 
Order has been of such permanent advantage in this Juris- 
diction. I find that the Jurisdiction of Colorado, New 
Mexico, and Arizona pay fewer assessments than any other 
Jurisdiction. I can say of a truth, that there is not another 
Order in existence that is doing the amount of good that 
the Workmen are doing. I am glad that you are doing so 
much here for the relief of the people, and I trust that you 
will go on in the good work with renewed energy. When 
I look at the present and let my mind run back seventeen 
years, my heart is filled with gratitude that I should have 
been chosen to present those glorious truths to the world. 
I believe that our Order will continue to grow and expand 
until every good man and woman will be brought under its 
beneficial influence. I am pleased to see so many ladies 
here. This Order was gotten up for their benefit and that 
of their children; so I trust that you will become more 
deeply interested in our noble work. I will retire, after 
thanking you for your patient attention." 

William H. Jordan's Address. 81 


After music, Bro. William H. Jordan was introduced. 
He gave a very pleasing and logical address, which at times 
caused an outburst of merriment ; at other times the audi- 
ence relapsed into deep thought, showing that the list- 
eners were entirely carried away with his eloquence. He 
further said: — 

" We come here to-night with two objects : first, to pay 
our respects to that old hero. Father Upchurch, out of 
whose brain has come the aid which gave life to our Order. 
There is some satisfaction in looking into his face, and to 
know that we have the man with us who has done so much 
for us and for humanity generally. Furthermore, we are 
not only here to honor the man who founded the Order of 
United Workmen, but the man who called into life those 
principles from w^hich other great Orders have arisen. The 
Knights of Honor, the American Legion of Honor, and 
many other benevolent organizations, all sprang into ex- 
istence out of the Order of United Workmen. 

"Father Upchurch may well be called a hero. Not one 
who has come to us- stained with the blood of battle-fields; 
not one who has brought privation, sorrow, and suffering to his 
fellow-man, but one whose name will be honored and valued 
as one who has assuaged sorrow and suffering, and brought 
joy and peace to thousands of his fellow-beings. Secondly, 
We honor the institution of which he became the founder. 
We know how he founded them in that little town of Mead- 
ville, Pennsylvania, in 1868, where for nine long months the 
organization only numbered twenty souls. From that small 
beginning has suddenly sprung into existence an organiza- 
tion which is rapidly spreading itself all over the continent, 
and which now numbers more than one hundred and fifty- 
two thousand souls. 

" Brethren, we love and honor that institution which was 
thus founded, and has grown to such proportions, and we 
may well honor it when we think that under this beneficiary 

82 Life of Father Upchurch. 

system, since the Order was founded, there has been paid 
out in benefits the sum of thirteen miUion five hundred 
thousand dollarS; and when we find that this year more than 
two hundred and seventy-three thousand dollars will be 
paid out to other beneficiaries. Brethren, this is a wonder- 
ful work, and it has cost us individually so little, it is now a 
dollar and. then a dollar, yet look at the enormous sum paid 
out. Why, in California, where we use gold and silver 
money as a rule, this amount of thirteen million five hun- 
dred thousand dollars, represents as much gold and silver 
as would take twenty-one teams to haul through the streets 
of Denver. I say it is a wonderful thing to be done by an 
institution of this character, and yet no man feels the bur- 
den. \Great applause?^ And where has the money gone.^* 
Not into the rum-shops, nor out on the race-courses, to be 
squandered, but it is constantly going into the laps of weep- 
ing widows and sorrowing orphans." 

Brother Jordan then described the wonderful Bartholdi 
Statue, as it was soon to stand in the New York harbor with 
its electric light held three hundred feet in mid-air, and 
compared it with gas-lights and light-houses in other parts 
of New York Harbor. So the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, like the electric light of the nmeteenth cent- 
ury, held aloft at a proud elevation, towered above all 
other benevolent organizations. He continued:— - 

"This institution not only visits the sick, but it throws 
tw^o thousand dollars into the laps of every widow and 
orphan. It is the electric light of the nineteenth century, 
and we love the man cut of whose brain this Order has 
come. But why, someone may ask, call this the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen ? Why call it ncient ? Our 
founder is advanced in years, but we don't call him ' an- 
cient.' There were many men born before him who are 
not ancient, and yet this child of the nineteenth century 
is called ' ancient ' because the principles that it has taken 
hold of and has made practicable, are as old as the hills of 

William H. Jordan's Address. 83 

The speaker compared the Order with the great trees of 
Cahtbrnia: — 

" They were there at the present size, nearly, when \Vash- 
ington crossed the Delaware ; they were standing there when 
Joan of Arc was giving up her life for others at the fagots 
and the stake ; they were standing there w^hen Abraham 
watched his flocks and herds on the hill-sides ; they have 
been there since the earliest records we have of the world's 
being ; there they stand, but they are not as old as the 
mountain-side on which they stand, or the solid earth out of 
which they grow. And they are young indeed compared 
with the principles whicli underlie the present Order of 
United Workmen." \Great applause?^ 

The speaker then related the story of a Yankee, who 
visited Europe: — 

"The Yankee was very patriotic and was always exclaim- 
ing, ' Hurrah for America! ' They showed him the lochs 
of Scotland, small, smooth, and beautiful sheets of water; he 
exclaimed: 'Why! they are not half equal to Lake Champlain. 
Hurrah for America! ' They showed him the great water-fall 
of Ireland, and he said: 'That is nothing; look at the great 
Niagara. Hurrah for America!' They showed him the 
wonders of Rome, and mentioned their great age. They 
showed him Pompey's Statue and the ampitheater, and he 
said: ' Look at the mounds of the Mississippi Valley. 
Hurrah for America! ' Finally they touched upon a weak- 
ness common to too many of our countrymen, and gave him 
too much rum, and he went to sleep in the Catacombs of 
Rome. He awoke amid bones and skulls and asked where 
he was, and they replied, ' You are dead.' ' No,' said he, ' I 
ain't. This is the resurrection and I am the first man on 
deck. Hurrah for America!' \_Greai applause.'] So will 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen be on deck at the 

Appropriate remarks were then made by T. J. Malt and 
others, after which the exercises closed. Brother Jordan, 

84 Life of Father Upchurch. 

myself, and other members and their ladies, repaired to the 
residence of Grand Master Workman Louis Aufinger, where 
a bounteous repast was spread, which was partaken of with 
pleasure, and was enjoyed by all present. At a late hour 
we returned to the Windsor. 


Before leaving home I received the following communica- 
tion: — 

"Valley Lodge, No. 12, A. O. U. W. ) 
''Salt Lake City, May 21, 1885. j 
"J. J. Upchurch, Esq. — Dear Sir and Brother: In 
reading the Pacific States Watchman^ published in San 
Francisco, that you have concluded to visit the Pacific 
States, calling at Salt Lake on the way, we hereby cordially 
invite you to stay in our little town and honor us with a 
visit. We shall feel it a pleasure to welcome the founder of 
our noble Order to the city of the Saints; and if you can 
notify us of the time, we will call a special meeting of the 
brethren in this Lodge and vicinity. 

"Yours very truly, in C, H., and P., 

S. B. Phillips, M. TV., 
S. W. Dark, Recorder:' 

his reply. 

I replied that, if it was possible, I would call on their 
city, going out or on my return home. I handed this letter 
to Brother Jordan at Omaha. He stated that we had only 
two days to spare, and that one of them had been promised 
to Denver, and that Brother Kinsley requested that the 
other be given to Ogden. But before leaving Denver, it 
was found that there was a part of a day (Sunday) to be 
disposed of. A telegram was forwarded to the effect that 
we would stop at Salt Lake City on Sunday, requesting that 
an informal meeting be called for Sunday night. 

Invitation to Visit Canyon City, Colo. 85 

The following communication had been received by 
Bro. Louis Aufinger, and handed to Bro. W. H. Jordan, 
before leaving Denver: — 

invitation to visit canyon city, COLORADO. 

" Select Knights, A. O. U. IV., 
"Headquarters Colorado Legion, No. i. 
''Canyon City, Col., June i6, 1885, 
" Louis Aufinger — Dear Sir and Comrade: Colorado 
Legion, No. i, extends to Comrade Father Upchurch, a 
hearty invitation to stop over and visit our Legion, providmg 
he comes this way, trusting you will do what you can to in- 
duce him to stay. 

"I am yours in C, H. and P., and E., I., and U., 
James Remington, Recorder?' 

"Royal Gorge Lodge, No. 7, A. O. U. W. ) 
" Canyon City, Col, June 17, 1885. J 

" Louis Aufinger, Grand Master Workman — Dear Sir 
and Brother: By request of our Lodge and Master Workman, 
I write you, asking information in regard to the route that 
Father Upchurch and Brother Jordan will take on leaving 
Denver for California; also when they will leave. It is the 
wish of No. 7 that they stop off here for one night, if not 
longer, and deliver a lecture on ' Our Order ' and its bene- 
fits. We are all very anxious to see them and have them 
speak; if it is possible for them to stop over, it will give us 
great pleasure, and I think it will be a great benefit to our 
Lodge and the members. If you succeed in gaining their 
consent to stay over, wire me at my expense. If they can- 
not stop, wire me when they wull leave Denver, if they go 
via the Denver and Rio Grande, as we wish to meet them 
at the depot, anyway. 

'• Hoping they will give us the pleasure of their presence 
for a day or so, I will close, hoping to hear from you soon. 
"Yours in C, H., and P., 

Ed. Miner, Recorder'^ 

86 Life of Father Upchurch. 

" Select- Knights, A. O. U. W. \ 
" Hdadquarters of Colorado Lzgion, No. i. V 
"Canyon City, Col., June i8, 1885. j 
"L. Aufinger, Esq., Grand Master — Dear Sir and 
Brother: At our last meeting of the Lodge, we appointed a 
committee to make all the necessary arrangements for the 
entertainment of Father Upchurch and Brother Jordan, and 
to extend to them, through you, a hearty invitation to visit 
our city and our Brothers and Comrades here; and by re- 
quest of said committee I write you to know if they will 
accept the same, and have Brother Jordan deliver an ad- 
dress here. We have made all the necessary arrangements 
for their entertainment, and it is our wish and desire that 
they visit us. Please answer by wire as soon as possible if 
they will be here, and if they will take the Denver & Rio 
Grande route to California, and not stop here, we will meet 
them at the depot. I hope you can prevail on them to visit 
us, as I think it will be a great benefit to our Order here if 
they will come, and if they do not, it will be a sad disap- 
pointment to us all. Hoping to hear from you soon, and 
that we may all have a chance to grasp the hand of our 
noble benefactor and father of our Order, 
" I am respectfully yours, 

J. E. Ediler, 
Lodge Deputy Royal Gorge^ No. 7. 

"And in behalf of committee as follows: — 

"E. Shiston, S. S. Nichols, Past Master Workman; D. 
D. Lewis, Past Master Workman; George Wilkens, H. L. 
Smith, Past Master W^orkman; Thos Hunter. 

Per J. E. Ediler, 
Recorder Colorado Legio?i, No. i. 


June 20, we left Denver, via the Denver & Rio Grande 
route, for Salt Lake City, at forty minutes after seven o'clock, 
A. M. I saw some fine country, very romantic; passed a 
beautiful little lake with many skiffs riding upon its blue wa- 

On the Way. 87 

ters, to invite the pleasure-seekers to avail themselves of an 
opportunity that would probably never present itself again. 
Passed Colorado :rprings. It has some fine buildings, and 
its very picturesque lakes, like the Deity, had an eye to the 
wants of pleasure combined with romance. Six miles dis- 
tant, Pike's Peak showed its lofty summit, towering high 
above its sister mountains. 

South Pueblo is quite a city, and several iron works are 
located here, which manufacture a great deal, of various 
kinds and shapes. It is said to be the hottest place in all 
that section of country, lying, as it does, in a deep valley. 
Here quite a number of Workmen had assembled to bid us 
welcome, and, if possible, persuade us to remain overnight 
with them, which we could not do, owing to our limited 
time. Here dinner was prepared for us, and we were con- 
ducted to the dining-room in the midst of a goodly number 
of Workmen, who did ample justice in putting away the 
many good things prepared for the occasion. 

We again boarded the train, and at Canyon City a large 
number of Select Knights and Workmen were in waiting to 
receive us, having been misinformed by a blundering 
operator that we would stop overnight with them. When 
they were informed as to the mistake they seemed to be 
much disappointed, for they had everything already arranged 
to give us a grand reception, including a banquet; and I 
must say that I never disappointed any people that I re- 
gretted so much as I did on this occasion; but it had to be 
done. At Hot Springs we were met by twenty-five Broth- 
ers, anxious to have us stop over. The scenery all the way 
up the mountain was indeed sublime. On this route we 
pass through the Grand Canon of the Arkansas. The most 
noteworthy picture is the Royal Gorge, situated six or seven 

88 Life of Father Upchurch. 

miles west of Canyon City. Through this pass run torrents 
of water, the rocks towering up to twelve or fifteen hundred 
feet high, and almost vertical, the walls being so close to- 
gether that the Railroad Company had to make a bridge for 
their road by cutting a rest in the solid rock on either side 
of the stream. In this rest strong iron girders were placed, 
standing at an angle of about forty-five degrees. Secured 
at the top under this, the bridge is swung with heavy bolts, 
which serves for passing all trains over the road. In pass- 
ing up the mountain it required three locomotives. The 
first took the mail and baggage cars, the other two were 
coupled to the passenger coaches. The run up the mount- 
ain was grand beyond expression. The train would wind 
around the mountains so that at one point I saw the track 
in four places where our train had passed over only a few 
minutes before. At times I looked far below into almost 
unfathomable depths, and again, far above, at the ponderous 
rocks, as if ready to crush all beneath to powder. We 
passed many long snow-sheds, and at last reached the sum- 
mit, ten thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight feet above 
the sea. The train stopped here about twenty minutes, to 
give passengers a chance, I suppose, to try their lungs. I 
availed myself of the opportunity, and got out and walked 
about thirty yards, when I became excessively tired and re- 
turned to the car as soon as possible. We soon began to 
descend the mountain on the Pacific side, and the further 
we went the better I could breathe. About sunset we 
reached a hotel at the foot of the mountain, where we got 
supper. That night we passed Black Canon. I had taken 
my berth with the promise that I would be called when we 
arrived at this place, but it was thought best to let me re- 
main undisturbed. 

Arrival at Salt Lake City. 89 


June 2 1 we reached Salt Lake City, and were met at the 
depot by a committee of Workmen. We entered a car 
riage and were driven to the hotel. At the depot an old 
man stepped up to me and asked if I knew anyone that 
left Pennsylvania for Salt Lake City. I replied that I 
knew Henry Rudy, the Postmaster of our town. He said 
he was the man, and I was indeed glad to see him after so 
many years. After remaining at the hotel a short time, two 
brother Workmen, who also belong to the church of Lat- 
ter Day Saints, called for us in carriages, and showed us 
the city, which I must say is the most beautiful little city 
that I ever saw. Its broad streets are lined with fine shade 
trees, with an abundance of pure, limpid water from the 
mountains, flowing continually through them. We were 
shown the Temple, which is a magnificent structure of 
granite, or so called " Utah marble." The Tabernacle is 
large and with an arched roof, but we could not induce our 
brothers to take us into the Temple or Tabernacle. They 
said no one was permitted to enter there on Sunday unless 
service was being carried on. At this hour service was 
over, and we had to content ourselves with looking upon 
the outside. We were shown the residence of Brigham 
Young, which was simply beautiful, and I suppose very 
comfortable. The Endowment House was also shown us. 
This is where Brigham kept his many wives. We had many 
. fine buildings shown us as the residences of the officers of 
the church. 

We were taken up to Prospect Point, which gave us a 
magnificent view of the city and valley. Above was a 
splendid fresh-water lake, a mile wide and three miles 
long, abounding with splendid fish of all the choice 

90 Life of Father Upchurch. 

varieties. Below lies the Great Salt Lake, extending for 
forty miles. Upon its banks large piles of fine salt are 
gathered and taken to market. In this valley, wheat, oats, 
and many other crops grow luxuriantly. From this point 
we were driven to Fort Douglas. This fort stands upon 
elevated ground overlooking the city. A great many sol- 
diers are located here, and this being Sunday, they were 
having a good time in the form of a military concert. After 
remaining for half an hour, we returned to the hotel. 
After supper quite a number of the brothers called on us 
at our hotel; they stated that they could not procure a hall, 
but we had an informal meeting in our room, and had a 
good social time. We encouraged them to continue in the 
good work. At eleven o'clock, p. m., we retired for the 

The following communication was received, at Denver, 
Colorado: — 


" Ogden, Utah, June ii, 1885. 
" W. H. Jordan, care L. Aufinger, 383 Chambers Street 
Denver, Colorado- -Z^^^;- Sir: Father Upchurch and your- 
self are cordially and earnestly invited to stop over at Ogden, 
Utah, one day when en route to the Pacific Coast, and be- 
come the guests of Fidelity Lodge, No. 3, A. O. U. W. It 
is intended to have a special meeting of the Lodge, and a 
reception with refreshments. Please telegraph your accept- 
ance with the date of arrival at Junction City, so that timely 
arrangements can be made. Brother Grand Recorder 
Thorburn, of our Grand Jurisdiction, will be with us in our 
entertainment of Brother Upchurch and yourself. 

"Yours in C, H., and P., E. W. Pipi.r, 
Recorder Fidelity Lodge, No. j. and 

Member of Com, of Invitation.'' 

Arrival at Ogden. 91 


June 2 2, in the morning, we took the train on the Cen- 
tral Pacific, for Ogden. The Committee of Reception was 
in waiting when we arrived. We were placed in one of 
the carriages and taken to the hotel. The members of 
the Order were soon provided with gmii coats and then 
re-entered carriages and started for Ogden Canon. The 
scenery was grand — the canon narrow, barely wide 
enough for the road, and the beautiful torrent of pure 
mountain water to pass, the mountain looming up a thou- 
sand feet high on either side. We finally reached a neat 
little cottage, built in the narrow gorge, where we stopped. 
Rod and line being furnished us, we tried our luck at catch- 
ing fish. Brother Jordan took the first, a beautiful brook 
trout. Dinner was soon announced; then we sat down to 
a magnificent repast of sparkling trout and luscious straw- 
berries, with everything nice accompanying them. To this 
we did ample justice. About two o'clock we re-entered the 
carriages for the city, where a special meeting of the Order 
had been called. The meeting was called to order by the 
Master Workman, when an address of welcome was deliv- 
ered, to which I replied, followed by Brother Jordan, 
Supreme Overseer, which was responded to by several 

Ogden is a lively city, and the members of the Order left 
nothing undone that would make our stay pleasant. After 
supper we again took the train for San Francisco. 

^une 23 we took breakfast at Elko, five hundred and 
sixty-eight miles from San Francisco. The scenery passed 
that day was grand. The rocks were formed in almost every 
conceivable shape, but the most noted wonder was Castle 
Gate. The opening is narrow, the walls on either side rise 

92 Life of Father Upchurch. 

perpendicularly, hundreds of feet high, carved by the hand 
of time into many curious shapes to please the eye and ex- 
cite the admiration of the mind. 

We took supper at Reno, Nevada. Here we were met 
by a committee from Virginia City, expecting us to stop off 
and visit them, but, owing to limited time, we had to decline 
the invitation, with the promise that I would do so before 
my return East. 


We again entered the cars and started on our way. Im- 
mediately after crossing the California line, Brother Jordan 
handed me the following dispatch: — 

"Sacramento, Cal., June 23, 1885. 
"■ William H. Jordan, Supreme Overseer, on west- 
bound overland: Father Upchurch, thrice welcome. Break- 
fast with us in the morning at Sacramento. 

Geo. B. Katzenstein." 

AT THE capital CITY. 
[From the Pacific States Watch}nan.'\ 

" At Sacramento. — The first formal reception in Cali- 
fornia was had at Sacramento. Grand Master McPherson 
and Grand Lecturer Reading, who had left San Francisco 
the day before, with a large delegation from Union Lodge, 
No. 21, Sacramento Lodge, No. 80, and the Degree of 
Honor Lodge, were at the depot, and as the train stopped, 
at seven o'clock, a. m., Past Grand Master William H. 
Jordan emerged from the sleeper, having upon his arm the 
aged guest of the California Jurisdiction of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. Father Upchurch was formally 
introduced to the Grand Master of California, who bade 
him a cordial welcome to the State. Under the leadership 
of Brothers Katzenstein and Young, the party was ushered 
into the Crystal Palace dining-room, where a special table 
had been ordered by the committee, and which had been 

At Oakland, California. 93 

profusely decorated with flowers and evergreens by the 
ladies belonging to the Degree of Honor. A hasty but ex- 
cellent breakfast was had, numerous introductions were 
made, hundreds had shaken hands with the ' Father,' the 
conductor gave the signal, the train started, and cheers filled 
the air, as the founder of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen passed from the capital of the State to receive 
the grand reception awaiting him at San Francisco. 

"At Port Costa. — According to arrangements, a com- 
mittee of the members of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen went to Port Costa on Wednesday morning, to 
meet Father Upchurch and escort him to Oakland. The 
committee consisted of Brothers Peter Abrahamson. Dr. R. 
E. Williams, Dr. Irwin, J. F. Wilby, Emanuel Lewis, J. C. 
Hoag, W. W. Hanscom, E. F. Loud, W. Broderick, Geo. 
T. Shaw, A. F. Bell, P. Vesey, F. S. Poland, J. A. Guisti, 
H. G. Pratt, J. G. Severance, G. A. Bordwell, J. O. Moore, 
H. Wolfson, J. M. Camp, J. H. Macdonald, F. Blight, W. 
T. Thompson, J. Davis, L. Livingston, T. W. Bethel, A. K. 
Kipps, E. Rodecker, George Jordan, Thomas Murray, S. F. 
Purdy, G. W. Lemont, C W. Daniels, C H. M. Curry, D. 
Sewell, and E. Danforth. When Port Costa w^as reached 
the special car was switched off, and afterward coupled to 
the car bringing the distinguished Workman. Father Up- 
church then entered the special car, escorted by Supreme 
Overseer W. H. Jordan, Grand Master Duncan McPherson, 
and E, M. Reading, Grand Lecturer. The two last-named 
had met the guest at Sacramento. Mr. Jordan introduced 
Mr. Upchurch to Grand Foreman Danforth, saying that his 
pleasant duties were now at an end, having escorted the 
father of their Order across the continent, and he now gave 
him into the hands of the San Francisco committee. Mr. 
Danforth welcomed the veteran brother in behalf of the 
fraternity in California, and the members of the committee 
were then individually introduced. 


" On the arrival of the special car at the Sixteenth Street 
Station, Oakland, Brethren T. H. Corder, W. H. Wilkinson, 

94 Life of Father Upchurch. 

E. H. Lake, J. W. Watson, C H. Eitel, W. Winnie, David 
S. Hirshberg, and Charles E. Alden, of Oakland Lodge, 
met the party, and escorted Mr. Upchurch and a few of the 
San Francisco committee to carriages, which were driven to 
Mr. Jordan's residence. - There the host's wife had a lunch 
prepared for the guests. A number of toasts were pro- 
posed, and responded to informally, Mr. Jordan proposing 
the first: ' A Health in California Wine to Father Up- 
church.' This was followed by toasts to the host and host- 
ess, ' California,' responded to by Mr. McPherson, and 
' California and the Ancient Order of United Workmen,' 
responded to by Mr. Pratt. Later in the afternoon he drove 
out to the Asylum for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind, and re- 
turned to the Jordan residence for dinner. At six o'clock 
Oakland Legion, No. 3, Select Knights, Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, in uniform, commanded by C. E. Alden, 
called for Mr. Upchurch, and escorted him to the station. 
There he was met by California Lodge, No. i; Oakland 
Lodge, No. 2; Brooklyn Lodge, No. 3; Occidental Lodge, 
No. 6; Pacific Lodge, No. 7; Oak Leaf Lodge, No. 35; 
Keystone Lodge, No. 64, together with the Alameda and 
Berkeley Lodges, and a large number of citizens, and a 
band of music. The train ran down to the ferry, crowded 
to the doors, and the ferry-boat itself was crowded. On 
the boat Mr. Jordan introduced a number of officers of 
the Order to Mr. Upchurch, and the Lodges formed on the 
lower deck, from which they marched, escorting Mr. Up- 
church to the waiting carriage. 


" At San Francisco. — In the vicinity of the ferry land- 
ing, on this side of the bay, an immense crowd had gathered, 
mainly made up of San Francisco Lodges. The San Fran- 
cisco Legion of Select Knights, in uniform, also turned out. 

" An elegant open barouche, drawn by four white horses, 
had been prepared for the distinguished guest, and when 
the large party arrived and the line of march was formed. 
Father Upchurch entered the carriage with Messrs. Jordan 
and Barnes. 

The Procession. 95 


" The following was the order of the procession: — 

"A platoon of police, headed by Sergeant Fitzpatrick, 
Grand Marshal Frank B. May and aids, Henry J. Lask 
and Henry E. Plate. 

*• First Division. — J. W. Scott, Marshal; Second Artillery 
Regiment Band, N. G. C.; Select Knights of San Francisco 
Legion; San Francisco Lodge, No. 4; Golden Gate Lodge, 
No. 8; Harmony 'Lodge, No. 9; Verba Buena Lodge, No. 
14; Bernal Lodge, No. 19; Unity Lodge, No. 27. 

"Second Division. — J. T. Dufan, Marshal; First Regi- 
ment Band; Valley Lodge, No. 30; Spartan Lodge, No. 36; 
Magnolia Lodge, No. 41; Myrtle Lodge, No. 42; Franklin 
Lodge, No 44. 

'' Third Division. — A. Rollins, Marshal; Phoenix Band; 
Hercules Lodge, No. 53; Washington Lodge, No. 60; Burns 
Lodge, No. 68; St. John Lodge, No. 73; Excelsior Lodge, 
No. 126; Olympic Lodge, No. 127. 

" Fourth Division. — Capt. C. C. Keene, Marshal; Wal- 
cott's Band; Fidelity Lodge, No. 136; Bay View Lodge, 
No. 159; Memorial Lodge, No. 174; Friendship Lodge, No. 
179; Triumph Lodge, No. 180; Noe Valley Lodge, No. 185. 

•' Fifth Division. — (Composed of delegates from Lodges 
in Oakland) D. S. Hirshberg, Marshal; CaUfornia Lodge, 
No. 1; Oakland Lodge, No. 2; Brooklyn Lodge, No. 3; 
Occidental Lodge, No. 6; Pacific Lodge, No. 7; Berkeley 
Lodge, No. 10; Temple Lodge, No. 11; Oak Leaf Lodge, 
No. 35; Hearts of Oak Lodge, No. 61 ; Keystone Lodge, No. 
64; University Lodge, No. 88; Ashler Lodge, No 165; West 
End Lodge, No. 175; Escort of Honor, Oakland Legion 
of Select Knights, under command of Charles E, Alden ; a 
barouche containing Father Upchurch, and President of the 
Day, William H. Barnes; ten barouches containing officers 
of the Grand Lodge. 

"The procession moved up Market Street to California, 
to Kearny, to Market, and halted on reaching Larkin Street. 
There the column was drawn up in line, and Father Up- 
church passed in review, preceded by the Oakland Legion 

96 Life of Father Upchurch. 

of Select Knights, after which the procession filed into the 
Pavilion, the Oakland Lodges entering first, and the San 
Francisco Lodges following. It is estimated that there were 
from two thousand five hundred to three thousand men in 

" Throughout the whole line of march great enthusiasm 
was displayed on the part of the street spectators, and 
Father Upchurch was kept busy bowing in response to the 
cheers which were bestowed upon him. The Workmen 
expressed great satisfaction at the manner in which their 
Order and its founder were honored by the great mass of 


" Around the Larkin Street entrance of the Pavilion so 
large a crowd had gathered by half-past eight o'clock that 
it resembled a mob more than a host of invited members 
who had come there to be present at the reception of the 
founder of their Order. Old and young, men and women, 
boys and girls, jostled each other rudely in their frantic 
endeavors to pass the great entrance. The doorway on 
either side was lined by officers, and at the entrance were 
stationed several of the Order to inspect the tickets of 
those seeking admittance. 

" The interior of the enormous parallelogram presented 
an animated scene. The seating accommodations on either 
side of the great parade ground were full to overflowing. 
The huge wings were crowded with idle promenaders. At 
the northern end of the right wing were set four long tables, 
upon whose hospitable boards was placed an ample col- 
lation. The immense stage was densely packed with 
benches, soon to be filled with the selected guests. Behind 
the drop scene were hundreds of people awaiting anxiously 
the order for them to take their places upon the unoccupied 
benches. The great middle space was clear. From the 
dome of the building to the balconies were stretched a 
multitude of various colored streamers, and upon the bal- 
cony supports were suspended numerous banners bearing 
the quaint insignia of the Order and the mystic letters, 
A. O. U. W., in different colors. 

Address By P. G. M. W. Barnes. 97 

"Entrance of the Procession. — In hushed silence 
the enormous gathering awaited the entrance of that pro- 
cession, which was to tell them that the principal ceremonies 
of the evening had begun. It was nearly ten o'clock before 
the gong of the Pavilion gave forth its warning note, and 
ere the echo had died away among the high rafters, the 
order was given to clear the entrance, and the huge doors 
were flung open. Then flowed in the sound of martial 
music. It was that of the Oakland Civic Band. In close 
array, with military bearing, with uniforms of black, and 
white accouterments, and helmets with long red feathers, 
in marched the Select Knights. Before each division 
marched the standard-bearer, carrying a banner of bright 
red silk, upon the broad face of which, in letters of gold, 
were inscribed the words of the division. 

" Following the Knights came Father Upchurch, a quiet- 
looking old man, with gray hair, a gray goatee, and upon 
his dress all the stains of long travel. He wore a rough, 
plmii-colored great coat. In one hand he carried a fresh- 
cut bouquet, and in the other his hat. As he marched 
down the halWay his glances fell curiously upon the thick- 
lined sides. Anon the spectators would break into simul- 
taneous applause, and the clap of hands sounded like the 
roar of breakers dashing against a bold face of rock. Then 
the people on the stage caught the infection, and brother 
after brother jumped from his chair and proposed for Father 
Upchurch many a rousing cheer. When the stage was 
gained, Past Grand Master Workman Wm. H. Barnes de- 
livered the introductory address of welcome, which was as 
follows : — 
welcome address by past grand master workman 


"'Officers, Brethren, and Friends: Often have 
mighty processions been seen in our streets; often have 
triumphal arches been erected on the public thoroughfares 
of San Francisco, and banners swinging to the breeze in 
token of joyous celebration. Time and again, statesmen, 
sages, and warriors have found, in this city on the western 

§8 Life of Father Upchurch. 

slope of the continent, ovations and hearty w:lcome un- 
paralleled; and yet I say that to none who thus far have 
visited our land of the setting sun, is a mighty recognition 
of gratitude more due than to the grand old man who is 
now the guest of the Workmen of California — this man, 
who in his life-work has said, like Abou Ben Adhem to the 

" Write me as one who loves his fellow-men," — 

This nobleman of nature, who, with the magic rod of 
humanity, has smitten a world's petrified selfishness, and 
caused the flinty mass to open and pour forth a living and 
continuous stream of practical benevolence to gladden and 
make green what otherwise would have been waste and 
desert places. 

" ' It is meet and proper that here in California he should 
receive the grandest ovation of his life, for Cahfornia is not 
only the land of metals, grains, fruits, and flowers, but it 
also stands first and foremost as the land of fraternity, and 
in the name of that universal fraternity, which here is part 
and parcel of our every-day life; in the name of the widows 
and orphans comforted, relieved, and blessed by fraternal 
aid ; in the name of the seventeen thousand gallant sons of our 
Order in this State, and of their wives and children., 1 bid 
a welcome, to our hearts and homes, to him w^ho. Franklin- 
like, caught the living spark from the dark clouds surround- 
ing humanity, brought it into subjection, and sent it forth, 
an electric light, under the title of Fraternal Co-operation, 
to shed abroad its brilliant beams until — 

"Misfortune has no want to relieve; 
Sorrow no tear to dry. " 

" ' Once more, thrice welcome to our Father, Brother, 
Friend, Past Supreme Master John J. Upchurch; founder 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen.' 

" With modesty Father Upchurch rose to make answer. 
His voice was hardly audible, so overcome was he with 

Oration By P. G. M. W. Wm. H. Jordan. 99 


" ' My heart is too full for utterance. This great audience 
so overpowers me that it is impossible for me to say all that 
I would wish. I was never called to speak, nor am I known 
as a speaker. I have been more of a working man than an 
orator. I appreciate, from the bottom of my heart, this 
great demonstration. It will remain engraven through all 
years in my heart far greater than any event in my life. I 
only wish that I could do it justice, but I cannot, and so I 
sincerely thank you for your kindness.' 


"After the applause had subsided, Wm. H. Jordan, 
Supreme Overseer, gave the oration, of which the following 
is a synopsis: — 

" ' Mr. Chairman, Brother Workmen, Ladies and 
Gentlemen: This grand outpouring of the people of San 
Francisco evinces the tendency of the human race to honor 
those who have achieved much in the battle of life. From 
time immemorial it has been the custom of mankind to 
throng the streets and shout at the sight of those who re- 
turn from the field of battle laden with the honors of war. 
Napoleon and Wellington, Garibaldi and Von Moltke, are 
names that rouse the blood of patriots throughout the 
earth, and to-day the eyes of all the world are strained 
towards the little cottage on the summit of Mount McGregor, 
and the pulse comes quick and fast as the click of the 
telegraph tells the story of each day's suffering, as the silent 
hero of Shiloh, Vicksburg, and Appomattox fights alone the 
battle of life and death. These grand heroes of the battle- 
field are honored because of the sacrifices and dangers they 
have encountered in the face of shot and shell of battle. 
But sometimes — thank God for it — sometimes it happens 
that the people have an opportunity to honor a man who 
has achieved fame, not upon the field of battle, not through 
the sorrows he has brought to the human heart, but through 
the joy he has caused to spring up in the lives of his fellow- 

100 Life of Father Upchurch. 

men. Such a man is our honored brother, the guest of 
this immense outpouring to-night, J. J. Upchurch. [-^p- 
plause^ Seventeen years ago Father Upchurch, in the 
quiet village of Meadville, Pennsylvania, gathered together 
a little band of thirteen, and laid the foundation of the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen. Thirteen true and 
noble men! The very number was an omen of good. 
Christ and his twelve apostles constituted a band of thirteen, 
who undertook the work of Christianizing the world. In 
1775 thirteen States banded together to form the American 
Union, and to-day there are thirteen stripes in that grand 
old flag that floats over land and sea, the emblem of human 
liberty. \Ap'plause^ We honor this grand old man, and 
to-night bid him welcome to our golden shores. We honor 
him for the good he has done; and not we alone. Toward 
us are turned the eyes of one hundred and fifty-two thou- 
sand men, and they all shout aloud a grand anthem of 
praise to the honored man who is to-night the guest of 
California Workmen. \_Applause^ 

'"Seventeen years ago Father Upchurch planted the seed 
that has to-day sprung up to such grand proportions. The 
plan which he then devised to relieve the distress of hu- 
manity has vrorked more marvels than the magician's wand. 
Eleven million five hundred thousand dollars have been 
scattered among the grief-stricken families of our fraternity, 
and God above can tell what wounds have been healed, 
what sorrows assuaged. Last week I stood in New York 
Harbor, upon the pedestal that soon is to receive the great 
Statue of Liberty, — that colossal wonder of the nineteenth 
century. Soon the electric rays from its uplifted torch will 
stream far out to sea, welcoming the storm-tossed mariner 
as he approaches the haven of political and religious freedom. 
With its face turned toward the east, it will be the first to 
greet the rising sun and announce the approach of day. 
But we are to-day erecting upon these Western shores a 
greater wonder than that of the great Bartholdi. It is a 

Picnic at Fairfax. 101 

colossal statue of fraternity, upon the base of which is en- 
graven, in characters of gold, the letters A. O. U. W. 
[Great Applause?\^ 

" ' In its outstretched hand it holds the electric torch of 
brotherly love. Its face is turned not toward the East, but 
toward the West. Its eyes do not greet the rising sun, but 
they follow ii as it sets among the billows of life's tempest- 
uous sea; and when the dark gloom of life's night falls 
upon the sullen waters, the rays, glittering and gleaming 
from its mighty torch, sweep over the waves, carrying com- 
fort and hope where'er they are seen. \Applause!\ 

"^Father Upchurch is welcomed to-night by his children 
of the West; and as a token of your enthusiasm I ask you, 
in conclusion, to join with us in three hearty cheers for the 
founder of the Ancient Order of United Workmen.' " 

After the conclusion of the exercises at the Pavilion, I 
shook the hand of hundreds of Workmen and their families. 
A beautiful little girl, Nelly Cattran, the six-year-old 
daughter of the Recorder of Triumph Lodge, No. i8o, 
approached me with such confidence that I could not 
forego kissing her. At a late hour I was conveyed to the 
Baldwin Hotel. Here I must confess that I was taken 
entirely by surprise, never anticipating anything that would 
compare with this grand demonstration. 

[From the Watchman.'] 

''Over five thousand people attended the Seventeenth 
Anniversary Picnic of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, at Fairfax, on Thursday, June 25, and a most enjoyable 
day was passed. No accident of any kind happened, and 
the programme was carried out successfully. The facilities 
of transportation were taxed to the utmost to take the crowds 

102 Life of Father Upchurch. 

from the city, and hundreds came also from the surrounding 
towns. Father Upchurch came over on the eleven o'clock 
boEit; and not only did the people who had come over with 
him wait at the station to see him alight and escort him to 
the grounds, but an assemblage of over five hundred, made 
up of those who had come over on the early boats, was 
awaiting him. No games or amusements had been indulged 
in; they had felt that the picnic had not begun until the 
Father had arrived. Duncan McPherson, Grand Master, 
welcomed the veteran guest in a few well-chosen remarks. 
Amid cheers and acclamations, Father Upchurch was 
escorted up the winding path to the pavilion. Here, on the 
music stand, the old gentleman, with a beam of pleasure 
lighting up his countenance, made a brief address in which 
he thanked his "children" for their universal expressions of 
love toward himself. It was such an overwhelming ovation 
that he could not control his feelings. He could feel what 
he could not express. His remarks were loudly applauded, 
and the glen echoed with the cheers which were given. 


" The orator of the day, William H. Barnes, Past Grand 
Master of California, was then introduced. He briefly 
sketched the growth of the Order which Father Upchurch 
had founded, and outlined the grand work which the 
founder had accomplished. His speech closed with a 
brilliant peroration eulogistic of the Order and Father 
Upchurch. The pavilion was then cleared for dancing, 
and- the remainder of the day was given up to enjoyment. 
Lunch baskets were unpacked and groups formed all over 
the ground, each individual enjoying himself heartily. The 
Second Regiment Band was in attendance for the benefit of 
those who desired to dance. 

"The following 'Acrostic' was composed, and read at 

An Acrostic. 1^^ 

the dinner table at Fairfax Park on the day of the grand 
picnic: — 



" A mechanic stands in his Eastern home, 

Thinking of days gone by ; 

Rich are bis thoughts as on they roam., 

In blessing and harmony. 

Brii^ht glows his eye as he thinks of his toil 

Under the guidance of Heaven, 

That has bro't into light from Fraternity s soil, 

Endless joys, and protection has given 

To widows and orphans, and many of those 
Of whom the dear Saviour has said: 

'Find the wayworn and weary; the naked ones clothe; 

And unto the hungry give bread.' • , , • u . 

The good old man stands and communes with his heart; 

' How gracious hath God been to me, 

Each hour hath he given the efforts I've made 

Rich fruitage of prosperity.' 

Unto him, as he muses, a messenger comes, 

Placing into his sinewy hand 

California's kind bidding to visit our home, 

Here, by the Pacific's bright strand. 

Unspeakable joys enkindle his eyes; 

Rapture fills, in each pulse, every part. 

* California has called,' he exclaims in surprise, 

* Heaven bless her benevolent heart!' 
Peace scoreth her victories oft and again 
As well as war's carnage and whirl; 
Sweet is the song and thrilling the strain 
That Fraternity sings to the world, 

106 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Swiftly the journey is made from the East, 
Unto where the Sierra's great dome 
Proclaims to our brother, ' Soon you will rest. 
Rest sweet in Fraternity's home.' 
Each city and town now a welcome extend, 
Most hearty the shouts and the cheers; 
Every brother his presence doth willingly lend 

When good 'Father' Upchurch appears. 

Orders open their arms, and hundreds of men 

Round him gather in love day by day; 

Kings might envy this one, who, though humble and plain, 

Men delight a true homage to pay; 

And the reason, so plain that none can efface, — 

Nobly he hath worked for the good of his race." 

THE " watchman's " WELCOME. 

On my arrival in Oakland, Brother Jordan handed me 
the following letter, which explains itself: — 

"A Noble Response. — Wishing to add our mite toward 
making Father Upchurch's visit pleasant to himself and 
friends, we entered his name as an honorary subscriber for 
life on our mail list, and addressed him the following let- 
ter, which is self-explanatory. For his generous-hearted 
response and noble words of acknowledgment to our whole 
brotherhood, we are exceedingly grateful and appreciative: — 

" ' Office of " Pacific States Watchman," ) 
'"San Francisco, June 24, 1885. j 

" ' To Father Upchurch — 

" ' Dear Father Upchurch : Allow us to extend to you 
the congratulations of the Pacific States VVatchjnan upon 
safely arriving in our "Golden State." We are thankful 
that you were kind enough to visit our Jurisdiction. We 
are most happy to voice to you the sentiments of a great 
and thoroughly united brotherhood, and say welcome, a 
thousand times welcome, to our fraternal altars and to our 

The "Watchman's" Welcome. 107 

" 'Allow us to further extend to you the support of your 
old friend, the Watchman, and ask you to accept as a 
memento from us one hundred complimentary copies of 
your engraved portrait, which we have had prepared by one 
of our best artists, with as much care and truthfulness as 

"'We do this with the thought that you may possibly be 
pleased to make use of some of them, perhaps indorsed 
with your autograph to some of our brotherhood as a 
souvenir of your visit to us. 

" ' May we not hope that you will pay the Watchman 
Publishing House a visit, where we will make you, at all 
times, as welcome as our humble abilities will permit 1 

" ' We also invite you to say a good w^ord now and then 
to your loving and faithful "children of the Order" on this 
Coast, through our columns. 
" ' Yours fraternally, 

" Watchman " Publishing Co., 
A. T. Dewey ^ Past Master Workman, Manager ^^ 


"San Francisco, June 26, 1885. 
" A. T. Dewey, Past Master Workman, Manager Watch- 
man Publishing Company — Dear Sir and Brother: Your 
kind favor of the 24th inst., accompanying a roll of one 
hundred copies of my portrait, beautifully engraved, was 
handed me by Brother Jordan, yesterday morning. Your 
generous congratulations and flattering expression of frater- 
nal love, as wtII as the handsome gift by which they are ac- 
companied, are to me most dear. No words can express 
my appreciation, nor measure the debt of gratitude which I 
feel constrained to acknowledge for all that the Watchman 
and my ' children ' of California have done. The grandeur 
and hearty spontaneity of my reception here, far surpasses 
anything that had ever entered into my mind to conceive. 
Truly, the spirit of fraternity glows in the hearts of the 
Workmen of California, with a brilliancy that I have never 
beheld elsewhere. I thank you and them for all. God bless 
you to the end of life. 

"Your brother, always, J. J. Upchurch." 

108 Life of Father Upchurch. 

visiting the san francisco lodges. 

June 26, I visited Verba Buena, No. 14; Spartan Lodge, 
No. 36; and Hercules, No. 53. I acted as Past Master 
Workman, and administered the obligation to three Master 
Workmen. Also delivered a short address to the Lodge. 
We had a good turn-out, and a great deal of interest 
was manifested. 

June 27 I was conducted through the California market 
by Brother Jordan, which surpassed anything of the kind 
that I have ever seen for its great variety. We then took 
lunch with Brother Guisti. 


In the evening I was escorted to the Hamilton Church, 
Oakland, where a grand reception was given me. At half- 
past seven o'clock, P. M., Grand Master Workman McPher- 
son introduced me to the audience in his happy style. 
Then I delivered a short address, followed by Past Supreme 
Master Workman Fish, Supreme Overseer Jordan, and 
others, with fine music, both instrumental and vocal. 1 he 
number of Workmen, and the Select Knights in uniform, 
had a grand time. A beautiful floral offering was presented 
me by the Degree of Honor ladies. June 28, I attended 
the Episcopal Church with Brother Jordan and his estimable 
lady. In the afternoon I returned to San Francisco In 
the evening a grand reception was given me by Brother E. 
Lewis at his residence. About fifty guests were present. 
We had a magnificent time. I was presented by Brother 
Lewis with a beautiful floral offering with the device, 
'*Long Live Upchurch." 

Invitation of the Knights of Honor. 109 


At night I visited Select Knights, No. i, and acted as 
Chaplain; took in six members, one of whom was Grand 
Master Workman Duncan McPherson. We had an inter- 
esting meeting and a social time. At the close, the mem- 
bers repaired to the banquet hall, where a fine spread was 
in waiting, of which we partook with relish. 

invitation of the knights of honor. 

" Office of Grand Dictator ) 
K.-of H., of Gal, June 29, 1885. j 

To Father UpcJmrch^ and Grand Master Workman Mc- 
Pherson, Ande?tt Order of United Workmen — 

"Greeting: A fraternal invitation is hereby extended to 
each of you to attend our Twelfth Anniversary Picnic at 
Stephen's Park, East Oakland, Tuesday, June 30, 1885, at 
fifteen minutes past twelve o'clock, p. m. Committee will 
receive you at Central Pacific ferry on boat leaving San 
Francisco at half past eleven o'clock, a. m., and at the ferry 
at fifteen minutes past eleven, a. m. In the name of the 
Knights of Honor, Fraternally, 

Wm. H. Barnes, Grand Dictator of Cair 

At the appointed time I was escorted to the boat, on the 
Oakland side, took the train, and after a short run was put 
off at the Park, which is a magnificent place tastefully ar- 
ranged to please the most fastidious. A goodly number 
were ushered into a spacious dining-room, where lunch 
was already prepared, and was partaken of greatly to the 
joy of the inner man. 

I was then introduced to the audience, and addressed 
them on the origin and progress of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, the opposition we had to overcome, also 
the benefits that are to be derived by the families of its 

110 Life of Father Upchurch. 

members. Brother W. H. Jordan was then introduced, and 
addressed them in that happy manner that commands the 
attention of everyone within the sound of his voice. He 
dwelt at length upon the relationship of the two Orders, and 
the amount of suffering and distress that had been alleviated. 
He also spoke in glowing terms of the future of the two 
Orders. He took his seat amid roars of applause. Several 
other brothers were called upon, who spoke with interest 
and enthusiasm on the many virtues of the Order. 

Before leaving the stand, a committee requested that I 
should permit them to elect me as an honorary member of 
the Knights of Honor, to which I readily consented, but I 
regret to say I could not make it convenient to take the 
degree. At the close of the exercises in the pavilion, all 
went out to see the sports, which consisted of foot-races, of 
both sexes, old and young, which added greatly to the 
amusement of the occasion. At four o'clock we again took 
the train for San Francisco. 

In the evening I visited Unity Lodge, No. 27. The 
members turned out well. I gave them a short talk and 
had a pleasant time. They seem all alive to their work. 


July I, in the afternoon. Grand Master Workman Mc- 
pherson, W. H. Barnes, F. S. Poland and myself, accompa- 
nied by Sergeant Bethel, visited •' Chinatown." I do not 
wonder that Californians are opposed to the Chinese, for 
they are certainly the most degraded beings that I ever saw. 
They occupy quarters that a decent rat would scorn tO' 
live in. In several places there would be five or six in a. 
room not more than seven feet square, piled in like sardines,, 
on shelves with nothing to lie on but a piece of mat, and a. 
block of wood for a pillow. Here they smoke opium until 

Visits Valley, and Other Lodges. Ill 

they ''keel over,'' drunk. We called on their Medicine 
Man; and also saw their god. They worship the devil as 
well as other gods. To prevent him from punishing them, 
they keep a cup of whisky and a cup of tea sitting before 
him continually. They said he sometimes drinks tea and 
sometimes whisky. When one is sick, a bundle of sticks is 
handed him, and he draws out one, which indicates the 
kind of medicine that is required to reach his case. He 
takes this stick to the drug store and gets what it calls for — 
it may be a dried locust s'hell or a lizard skin, or something 
else equally as noxious. At another place they were packed 
under the sidewalk. In the theater, down underground, we 
found a Chinese woman — an actress — and three children, 
living in a room about seven feet square. My head touched 
the ceiling. All the work, including cooking, was done in 
this room. The smoke had to escape through a window 
about two feet square, out under the sidewalk. It is said 
there are forty thousand of them occupying twelve squares 
of the city. Language cannot express the degradation that 
I beheld in this locality. 


In the evening I visited Valley Lodge, No. 30 This is 
the second largest Lodge in the Order. There was a fine 
turnout, it being installation night. I gave them a short 
address, which was followed by a number of other speakers. 
Upon the whole, we had a grand time, which wound up 
with a banquet. 

July 2 I visited Excelsior Lodge and three others, which 
had been called together as a district. I gave them a short 
talk on the rise and progress of the Order, its mission, 
duties, etc., which was followed by Brother Jordan and 
others, whose discourses were deeply interesting. At eleven 

112 Life of Father Upchurch. 

o'clock p. M., we visited Silver Star Lodge, Degree of 
Honor, but being detained at Excelsior longer than we ex- 
pected, Silver Star Lodge had closed, but a large number of 
ladies and gentlemen were still in the hall. They reopened 
the Lodge, when I gave them a short address on the frater- 
nal relations existing between the Degree of Honor and the 
Workmen. We had a very social time, and all went away 


July 3 Brother Poland, two Degree of Honor ladies, and 
myself took a carriage and visited the park, in which stands 
President Garfield's statue. It is a magnificent park, large, 
and laid out with the finest collection of flowers and shrub- 
bery that I ever saw. The conservatory is beyond descrip- 
tion in loveliness. After spending a couple of hours here, 
we again entered our carriage. The next place we visited 
was the Life-saving Station. Here we were shown the modus 
operandi of shooting a line to a ship and its return. The 
whole operation was, to me, very interesting. The next 
place of interest was the Cliff House, built upon the rocks 
overhanging the ocean. From this popular place of resort 
could be seen upon the rocks extending above the surface 
of the ocean, dozens of sea-lions and seals, who created a 
perfect Babel with their continuous bowlings. Some of 
them were as large as an ox. After spending an hour here, 
we returned to the city. 

Grand Lecturer Reading and myself visited Bay View 
Lodge. The hall was well filled on our arrival. After an 
address of welcome, I was introduced and addressed the 
Lodge on the principles of the Order, showing the duties that 
we owe our families by joining the Order and providing for 
them when we are called away. Brother Reading followed in 

Visits the Office of the "Watchman." 113 

his happy, logical, and convincing manner, which always de- 
mands strict attention. The business of the Lodge being 
through with, all were requested to repair to the banquet- 
room, where a fine spread was prepared for the enjoyment 
of all. 


July 4 on invitation of Bro. H. G. Pratt, Grand Recorder, 
Bro. E. Lewis and myself paid him a visit in the country, 
four miles from Oakland. We mistook the station that we 
were to get off at and had to walk two miles, but I enjoyed 
it, as we passed through the finest rural district I ever be- 
held. We remained with Brother Pratt until the 6th, and 
had a splendid time. On the morning of the 6th we re- 
turned to San Francisco. Brother Lewis would have me 
stop at his business office. He presented me with a pair of 
Congress gaiters and slippers. In the evening we visited 
Magnolia and one other Lodge, which was very interesting, 
and I believe all were benefited by coming together. 

July 7 we visited California Lodge, No. i, of Oakland, 
and addressed the meeting, and encouraged them to con- 
tinue the good work with renewed energy until every good 
man and woman should be brought under its beneficial in- 
fluences. At nine o'clock we returned to San Francisco 
and visited Unity Lodge. I talked to them a few minutes, 
when several others followed, giving new interest to the 


July 8 I called at the office of the Pacific States Watch- 
man, and was introduced to the employes, who had been 
called together, and I gave them some of the incidents of 
our early history, trials, etc. I stated some of the many 

114 Life of Father Upchurch. 

blessings that had been dispensed to suffering humanity. 
A pot of earth was then brought in, and I planted a black 
walnut and the seed of the large pine or redwood of Cali- 
fornia, for Master Alfred H. Dewey, which I trust may 
spring up and do well. I then went to the office of Brother 
Jordan, and got letters from home, which I had been ex- 
pecting. In the evening I went with Brother Jordan to 
Oakland. We instituted Upchurch Legion, No 9, with 
seventeen members. There is a deep interest taken in the 
work of the Select Knights, and it will be the means of add- 
ing many good men to the roll of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. I remained overnight at the residence 
of Brother Jordan. 

July 9 we returned to San Francisco, and I visited the 
office of Brother Jordan; took lunch at the restaurant of 
Bro. J. A. Guisti, at California Market. After lunch. 
Brother Guisti conducted me to the macaroni factory, 
which was something I had not seen ; it was quite a 
novelty. On leaving here, I was taken to the champagne 
factory, where, I suppose, millions of gallons of wine were 
stored. The basement occupied the whole of one square, 
including the streets, which had been excavated and arched 
for the purpose. I thought that it would be many years 
hence before California would adopt prohibition. We then 
visited Telegraph Hill. It is a high point overlooking both 
bay and city. Here, in early times, a watch was set to signal 
ships coming in when news from loved ones in the East was 
expected. To reach this elevated point we had to ascend 
an inclined plane at an elevation of about twenty feet to 
the one hundred, or a total elevation of two hundred and 
ninety-six feet in the length of a cable railroad of one thou- 
sand five hundred and fifty feet. There is a fine ha,U erected 

Visit to Stockton. 115 

on this point, and refreshments kept for those in want of 

In the evening we visited Union Lodge, No. 29, Degree 
of Honor. The hall was well filled with both male and fe- 
male members. There was a great deal of interest mani- 
fested by all. A number of speeches were delivered, which 
were entertaining and instructive, and all present seemed to 
enjoy the exercises to the utmost. At the conclusion of 
the exercises, the Lodge adjourned to the banquet hall, 
where a collation was served. 

visit to STOCKTON. 

July 10 Bro. E. M. Reading, Grand Master Workman 
McPherson, and myself, visited Stockton, and were met at 
the depot by a Committee of Reception, and taken in car- 
riages to a hotel. In the afternoon we took in the town by 
visiting the large manufacturing establishments and the 
insane asylum for males, which contains about seven hun- 
dred patients. The buildings are fine, convenient, and, no 
doubt, managed to the best advantage. In the evening I 
was tendered a warm reception by the Order, at the Masonic 
Temple. Master Workman Pritchard occupied the chair, 
and the address of welcome was delivered by Brother Clem- 
ent, to which I replied, thanking them for their marked 
reception and cordial greeting on this occasion, and was 
followed by Grand Master Workman Duncan McPherson, 
who gave a fine oratorical address on the Aims and Objects 
of the Order in its dissemination of bounties to the needy. 
Brother Reading then addressed the audience in his usual 
style, followed by music by the band. Following this came 
the public installation of the officers of Stockton Lodge, 
No. 23, the ceremony being conducted by District Deputy 
E. Lehi, assisted by the Grand Officers. After the cere- 

116 Life of Father CJpchurch. 

mony in the hall, myself and Grand Officers, with a goodly 
number of brothers and their ladies, were sumptuously en- 
tertained, which closed the evening's exercises. 

On the nth we were driven to the female asylum, 
which contains eight hundred inmates — some quiet, others 
boisterous. The buildings are spacious, everything being 
kept as neat as a pin, and seems to be managed in the best 
possible manner. 


At noon we took the train for Sacramento. A committee 
was in waiting at the depot, who placed us in carriages and 
took us to the hotel. In the evening the reception took 
place in the commodious hall of Union Lodge, No. 21, 
which was filled with brethren of the Order and their fami- 
lies. The introductory speech was made by Bro. P. M. 
Henry, to which I replied, creating a favorable impression 
upon all. I was followed by Grand Master McPherson and 
Grand Lecturer Reading, whose addresses were received 
with unmistakable satisfaction. The officers of both Union, 
No. 21, and Sacramento, No 80, were instated; and then 
followed recitations and music. Miss Annie Ash, Mrs. Sam 
Katzenstein, Mrs. Al. Pritchard, and Mrs. Maggie Moore, 
being the principal performers. A magnificent banquet was 
partaken of at the close of the exercises. While in the city 
I received the following letter, which will explain itself: — 


" 1894 Broadway, San Francisco, Cal. 
" J- J- Upchurch — Dear Sir: I am a litde girl, and 
have, for the past two years, been confined to the house, 
under medical treatment for spinal and hip disease. I pass 
most of my time collecting the autographs of celebrated 
people, and if you will be so very kind as to send me your 

A Prize Poem. 117 

autograph, it would give me great pleasure. I inclose a 
card for you to write it upon, and I hope you will pardon 
me for the liberty I have taken. 

** Believe me, very respectfully, 

Maria Genevieve Mee." 

The interest of this dear little girl touched my heart 
deeply, and I complied with her request with pleasure, 
hoping that she would speedily and permanently recover 
from her affliction. 

[From the Watdunan of June 9.] 

" Upchurch Prize Poem Offer. — In view of the inter- 
est aroused by the near approaching visit of Father Up- 
church, the Watchman wishes to encourage the ambition of 
our local poets having a fraternal tendency, to produce 
something in the way of literature that will be intrinsically 
valuable and worthily commemorate the visit among us of 
the founder of the Order. 

"Accordingly, we make the following offer: To anyone 
who will send us, by July 4, the best poem on Father Up- 
church, not to exceed sixty lines, we will give an order on 
the well-known and extensive book-selling establishment of 
A. L. Bancroft & Co., of this city, for twenty dollars, paya- 
ble in books or similar articles from their choice and well- 
selected literary stock. Poems may be either in rhyme or 
blank verse. An intelligent and impartial committee will 
decide on the merits of the poems. 

"Those competing will please sign a 710m de plume, and 
inclose real name and address in a separate envelope, to be 
opened after the award. We trust that the returns will be 
as satisfactory for this offer as they were for our prize poems 
on * Fraternity,' published last year. 

" An admiring friend adds a five-dollar cash donation to 
the above. We will extend the time for receipt of the 
poem to the 8th of July, which will be in time to publish it 
for our next issue, on the nth." 

118 Life of Father Upchurch. 

" The following poem has been adjudged to be entitled to 
the prize offered by the Watc/unan for the best poetical pro- 
duction on Father Upchurch. The prize consists of an 
order on A. L. Bancroft & Co., for twenty dollars, payable in 
books, and five dollars in cash, payable at this office on be- 
half of a friend who donated the amount additional." 




The minstrel bards of ancient days, 

To arms and war attuned their lays. 

They sang their heroes' glorious deeds — 

The clash of arms, the rush of steeds. 

The clang of steel, the cannon's roar, 

And fair fields dyed with human gore; 

They sang of kings, whose palace stood 

An island in a sea of blood, 

Whose wild ambition led them on 

To ''wade through slaughter to a throne;" 

Of warriors, who to greatness rose 

Over a hecatomb of foes, 

Who, that they might be great and free, 

Ground nations down to slavery. 

But wounds and death and all the wrack 

Of desolation in the track 

Of horrid war, no pen or tongue 

Gilds with the glamour of a song. 

The smiling fields that bloomed so fair, 

The cheerful homes burnt black and bare. 

The widow's tear, the orphan's cry, 

Alas ! are passed unnoted by. 

Be mine the privilege to rehearse 

(Albeit in the humblest verse) 

A. O. U. W. Prize Poem. 119 

The praises of a crownless king, — 

The blessings peace and love can bring. 

No warrior he, with lance and shield, 

Thirsting for fame on tented field; 

But one whose aim it was to bind 

In bonds fraternal all mankind. 

While England boasts of Howard's fame, 

And France still sings her Hugo's name, 

Americans in Upchurch see 

The " Father " of Fraternity, 

Who shunned the wrathful ways of strife, 

And walked the peaceful paths of life; 

Brother and Sire, whose virtues lend 

New luster to the name of Friend. 

No portents heralded his birth. 

His only heritage, honest worth; 

Nor did the smiles of Fortune shed 

A golden aureole round his head; 

To learning he makes no pretense, 

His genius is just common sense. 

In youth and manhood simply bred 

To daily toil for daily bread. 

But over all the ills that wait 

On lowly birth or adverse fate, 

His regal soul superior rose 

In sympathy with all life's woes. 

His grand ambition was to be 

Of service to humani4:y; 

His great life problem: how he could 

Unite mankind in brotherhood. 

How grandly he hath wrought and well. 

Let Knights and Friends and Workmen tell — 

A hundred thousand men who greet 

In each a Brother when they meet; 

A thousand widows' thankful tears. 

Ten thousand orphans' daily prayers, 

All these attest the grateful sense 

Of his benign beneficence. 

Hail! then, dear '= Father," Brother, Friend, 

120 Life of Father Upchurch. 

To you our hearts in homage bend. 
No monument of sculptor's dream 
Could raise you in our high esteem. 
And far above all praise or blame 
Is he, beneath whose honored name 
The Recording Angel's pen shall trace: 
" The Benefactor of the race." 

"Our offer has fortunately proved opportune. Other 
creditable poems have been received, some of which we 
shall give hereafter, by consent of the authors, who are 
worthy of commendation by all for their noble efforts." 


July 12 we were driven around the city and shown the 
most interesting places. First the capitol, which is a mag- 
nificent building. In the rotunda is the statue of Queen 
Isabella, of Spain, with Columbus and his son kneeling 
before her. This building stands on an eminence in the 
center of the large and cultivated park. Near by is the 
Mechanical Pavilion, which will accommodate nine thou- 
sand persons. It is used for the exhibition of the arts and 
sciences, and other like purposes. The next place of inter- 
est was the Art Gallery, a splendid structure, containing a 
rare collection of the finest paintings, which was donated to 
the city by Mrs. Judge Crocker, a widow lady of the city. 

We were next driven through the Public Park and Fair 
Grounds, which are in keeping with the public spirit and 
energy of Californians. 

In the evening I visited Pat. Connor, formerly of Mead- 
ville, Pennsylvania, who was hurt on the Central Pacific 
Railroad. He has been somewhat out of his mind ever 
since he was hurt, but he recognized me as soon as he saw 
me. He belonged to Jefferson Lodge, No. i, of Pennsyl- 

Visiting a Masonic Lodge. 121 

July 13 I took the train for San Francisco, at half past seven 
o'clock A. M. At Port Costa the Central Pacific Company 
runs and operates the largest ferry-boat I have ever seen. 
It is capable of taking, at one load, a locomotive and twen- 
ty-eight long passenger cars, or forty-eight freight cars. The 
cylinders are five by eleven feet, and it is said to be the 
largest boat in the world. 


Reached San Francisco at eleven o'clock a. m., and in 
the evening visited King Solomon Lodge of Masons, with 
Bro. E. Lewis. The Lodge was well attended, and after 
examination by committee, was admitted to a seat in the 
Lodge. Raised one member to the sublime degree of a 
Master Mason. 

July 14, in the evening, Brother Poland and myself 
visited Triumph Lodge of Workmen. The Lodge was well 
attended, and the members were very much interested in 
the work of the Order. I spoke a short time, and my 
remarks seemed to be appreciated. 

July 15 the Grand Foreman and myself took dinner at 
the residence of Brother Poland, whose hospitality was 
very much enjoyed by myself In the evening I visited 
District No. 5, with No. 136. The meeting was largely at- 
tended, and, after an address of welcome, I was introduced, 
and spoke to them on the rise and progress of our Trder, and 
the opposition and difficulties we had to overcome to get 
the work before the people. I was followed by W. H. Jor- 
dan, Supreme Overseer, Past Grand Master Workman Wm. 
H. Barnes, and Past Grand Master Workman Brewer, who 
addressed the audience in a grand and convincing strain of 
eloquence, so much so that they were frequently interrupted 
by a deafening roar of applause. 

1^2 LiFfi OF Father tJpcHURCH. 


July 1 6 with Brothers Barnes, Severance, and Poland, I 
left San Francisco at three o'clock p. m. for Napa; arrived 
at Vallejo Junction, took the boat and crossed the Straits of 
Carquinez; again boarded the train and reached Napa at 
half past six o'clock, where a committee was in waiting at 
the depot who escorted us to the Palace Hotel. After 
supper, members of the Order formed and marched to the 
hotel and escorted us to the Grand Opera House, which 
was well hlled. After music, the address of welcome by 
Bro. H. C Cesford was delivered, to which I replied in 
my usual common, plain way. Brethren Severance and 
Barnes addressed the audience, and were received with 
rounds of applause, Brother Barnes being called out the 
second time. Sam Booth's " Prize Poem " was read by 
Henry Hogan, and the whole was a grand success, as had 
been my receptions throughout the entire Jurisdiction. At 
the close of the exercises, a fine collation was served at the 
Palace Hotel, which wound up the evening's festivities. A 
year before my visit here, I was elected to membership in 
the Past Master Workman's Association, and on my arrival 
the badge of the association was presented to me. 

July 17 Brother Smith gave Brother Poland and myself a 
carriage ride through Napa Valley. Our first stop was at 
the water-works. They have fine pumping machinery. 
The engineer said that in digging for water they struck an 
underground river. On going up the side of the mountain, 
on our way to the Napa Soda Springs, a large jack rabbit 
bounced into the road, and I thought it was a gray wblf 
until better informed. The Springs are fourteen miles from 
the city, and it is a charming summer resort; a fine hotel of 
stone, and a number of neat cottages for visitors are here; 

Goes to Napa. 123 

also numerous fine walks, with the many fragrant, as well as 
beautiful, flowers for which California is noted. There are 
several kinds of mineral waters here, and in a room there 
are several men employed bottling soda water, with natural 
gas, as it comes from the mountain, and it is shipped to all 
parts of the country. On leaving the Springs, we made for 
the main valley, and took lunch with a Mr. Gray, seven 
miles from St. Helena, and fourteen miles from Napa. Mr. 
Gray said that the yield of grapes this year would be about 
three tons per acre, the best yield being ten tons per acre. 
They sell for twenty-five to thirty-five dollars per ton. Fifteen 
dollars per ton pays better than raising wheat. He last 
year sold fifteen hundred dollar's worth of grapes that cost 
him only seventy-five dollars to tend and market. On leav- 
ing Mr. Gray's, we started down the Napa Valley. I saw 
large orchards of English walnuts and almonds, and about 
thirty thousand acres of grapes. This is the finest valley 
that I ever saw, and it occurred to me that this must have 
been the Garden of Eden, at least had I an opportunity, I 
think it would satisfy my desire to wander in it. We re- 
turned to Napa at four o'clock p. m., just in time to take 
the train for Vallejo, where we were met at the depot by 
a committee and conducted to the hotel. In the even- 
ing we were escorted to the Grand Opera House, which 
was well filled wnth members of the Order, their families 
and friends. The audience was entertained with fine music, 
both vocal and instrumental. On being introduced, I ad- 
dressed them, pointing out some of the beauties of our 
Order, and the many blessings that had been conferred 
upon the widow and orphan. Brother Poland followed, 
giving some excellent advice to the members in building up 
the Order. This city has about fifteen hundred inhabitants, 

124 Life of Father Upchurch. 

and lies on the north side of the Straits of Carquinez. The 
United States Government has its navy yard here. 


July 1 8 we left Vallejo at eight o'clock a. m., and arrived 
at San Francisco at ten o'clock a. m. Visited the offices of 
Brothers Danforth and Jordan, and at two o'clock p. m. 
Brother Poland and myself took train for Santa Cruz. We 
passed through several little towns; at Big Tree Station saw 
some large redwood trees, but did not stop. 

[From the Watchjnan of July 25.] 

"Last Saturday night, the i8th, the Workmen of Santa 
Cruz and vicinity had an opportunity to testify their admi- 
ration and respect for Father Upchurch, which they did in a 
royal manner and in a style that did credit to the home of 
the Grand Master Workman of the State. The venerable 
veteran was met at the depot of the South Pacific Coast 
Railroad by the Reception Committee, and with a team of 
four white horses, driven to the residence of Grand .Master 
Workman Duncan McPherson, and then to the Opera 
House, where a large concourse of citizens had assembled. 
An address of welcome was delivered by Dr. O. L. Gordon, 
who referred in eulogistic terms to the guest of the evening, 
Grand Master McPherson followed in an introductory speech 
that was full of good things for the laws of the Order, closing 
by presenting Father Upchurch to the audience in the follow- 
ing glowing sentence: ' Mr. President, to you and through you 
to the Brothers here assembled, and this audience, I have the 
pleasure of introducing the Workman's Abou Ben Adhem, 
the founder of the " Poor Man's Insurance," the widow's 
support, and the orphan's help, and whose name in letters 
of Fraternal light will be written by the angel of charity high 
above all other human benefactors.' The response of the 
founder was brief, but full of feeling. He sketched the 

Visits Watsonville. 125 

rise of the Order, and added that he should always remem- 
ber California and his warm-hearted brother Workman with 
the deepest gratitude. 

" The principal address of the evening was delivered by 
Bro. Adam Bane, of San Jose, and it is described as the 
finest effort ever heard in Santa Cruz. After music, the 
programme was closed by a repast at Aonian Hall, provided 
by the ladies of Workman families. The whole affair did 
the brethren of the little city by the sea great credit." 

July 19 Grand Master McPherson and myself walked 
down to the beach, which is a magnificent resort for those 
seeking health as well as pleasure. There are a great many 
cottages and tents for the accommodation of visitors. In 
the afternoon I was driven around the city and out to old 
ocean; then out in the country. The whole scene was one 
of beauty. My sojourn here was attended with a great 
deal of pleasure, which I shall ever remember with gratitude, 
especially toward the Grand Master Workman and his 
estimable family. 

visits watsonville. 

July 20 Grand Master Workman McPherson and myself 
took the train for Watsonville, where Lodge No. 45 gave us 
an appropriate and most cordial reception. A delegation 
met us at the depot, and escorted us to the Mansion House. 
At seven o'clock about sixty members, visiting brethren, 
Grand Master McPherson, and myself, met in the Lodge- 
room, and after the business of the Lodge had been trans- 
acted, a short time was taken up with congratulatory speeches, 
after which a procession was formed, and marched to the 
rink, where a large audience was anxiously waiting our 
coming. After an overture by the band, Deputy Friermuth 
introduced Doctor Bigsley, who delivered a finely-worded 
address of welcome, to which I replied, followed by Grand 

126 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Master McPherson, who spoke with earnestness and en- 
thusiasm, and was listened to with satisfaction by a large 
audience of members, their families, and invited guests. 
The exercises being through, all then repaired to the 
hall, where a fine spread was in waiting, which was partaken 
of with pleasure. After a social time of two hours we re- 
turned to the hotel. 

July 21, in the morning, the committee, in carriages, took 
us to the beach. After viewing the cottages, etc., we drove 
to the strawberry ranches, which are immense in size both of 
territory and berries. A gentleman told me that he had 
gathered berries eight inches in circumference. In the 
afternoon we took the train for San Jose, and were met by 
a committee before reaching the city. 

[From the Pacijic States Watchman of July 25.] 


" No finer public demonstration in honor of any man 
was ever witnessed in the Garden City, than the welcome 
extended to Father Upchurch there last Tuesday evening, 
the 2 1 St inst. The enterprising home Lodges, Mt. Hamil- 
ton, No. 43, and Enterprise, No. 17, earnestly seconded by 
Magnolia, No. 6, Degree of Honor, had long been prepar- 
ing for the event, and none of the Lodges of the county 
had been behind in furthering the work. The welcome 
amounted to an ovation that did honor to the noble Work- 
men of Santa Clara County, and was one that Father Up- 
church can never recall without feelings of warm gratitude 
and pleasure. Following the grand tribute paid him by his 
brethren of San Francisco and Alameda Counties, as well 
as by those of other points in the State since visited, the 
San Jose reception must have conclusively proven to the 
founder of the Order, if that were needed, that the Work- 
men of California appreciated to the fullest extent their 
obligations to him. 

Grand Ovation at San Jose. 127 

" Father Upchurch was met at the depot by a large num- 
ber of members of the Santa Clara County Lodges. He 
was accompanied by an escort of Select Knights from San 
Francisco Legion, No. 2, and Upchurch Legion, No. 9, of 
Oakland, who, with members of their families and lady 
friends, had gone down to participate in the ceremonies. 
A procession was formed to conduct the distinguished vis- 
itor to his hotel, which was composed of brethren from a 
dozen different Lodges, besides Grand Officers McPherson, 
Jordan, Murgotten, Danforth, and Loud, in carriages, Se- 
lect Knights and members. The founder was drawn in a 
four-in-hand carriage. The cavalcade presented a fine ap- 
pearance, the knights forming a striking feature thereof. 

" The reception in the evening took place at the Cali- 
fornia Theater, the interior of which had been decorated in 
a very beautiful manner with flowers in all manner of de- 
vices, the work of the ladies of Magnolia Lodge, Degree of 
Honor. The address of welcome was delivered by Brother 
Adam Bane, of Mt. Hamilton, and at its conclusion the 
entire audience arose and gave, six times, three cheers for 
the honored guest of the evening. 

" As he arose to acknowledge the ovation, a string was 
pulled that loosed upon his head, from a beam, a perfect 
shower of flowers, while more than two hundred bouquets 
were thrown and placed on the stage in the way of floral 
offerings, and nothing could have been finer. After Father 
Upchurch's response, which was in his usual quiet vein, 
eloquent speeches were made by Past Grand Master Work- 
man William H. Jordan, of Oakland, Rev. J. H. Ingram, 
of San Jose, Grand Master McPherson, and M. T. Brewer. 
There were also recitations, musical selections, etc., and the 
exercises concluded with a splendid banquet and dance." 

I must confess that I was completely surprised, not an- 
ticipating anything like such a demonstration. I felt like 
one born out of season, not being able to express my 
gratitude and appreciation for the marked respect that was 
paid to me. It shows conclusively that the people here, as 

128 Life of Father CJpchurch. 

well as in other parts of the Jurisdiction, appreciate my 
labors in the interests of humanity. Fraternity seems to 

They are alive to the best interest of the Order, render- 
ing relief to the widows and orphans, and assisting the 
members to assist themselves. The banquet hall had been 
prepared to seat four hundred guests, the tables being 
supplied with all the good things that this favored land affords. 
One thousand and six hundred partook of refreshments, and 
many baskets were left untouched. 

July 22 a committee took Brother McPherson and my- 
self to drive around the city. We went out to Mineral 
Springs, a fine drive through a magnificent country, loom- 
ing up in all ks romantic beauty. In the afternoon we 
drove out to the silk factory; saw them at work manufactur- 
ing the fabric in its various forms. From here we drove over 
the city, and had a fine view from the dome of the Court 
House. The view is grand, and well may it be called the 
Garden City. It might very appropriately be termed the 
garden of the world. 

In the evening we visited the hall of Hamilton Lodge, 
No. 43, and Enterprise, No. 17, and after going through 
with the business of the evening, several very instructive 
speeches were made. Upon the whole we had a grand 

[From the Pacific States Watchman of July 25,^1885.] 

" On Wednesday evening, the 2 2d inst, during the prog- 
ress of a Lodge meeting, in the hall of Mt. Hamilton 
Lodge, San Jose, Wm. Vintner, Past Master Workman, in 
an eloquent and pleasing speech, presented Father Up- 
church, in behalf of Enterprise, No. 17, and Mt. Hamilton, 

Goes to Livermore. 129 

No. 43, with an elegant, gold-headed cane, the staff being 
a rare orange limb, and the handle inlaid with quartz, and 
engraved as follows: — 

"Presented to Father J. J. Upchurch by Enterprise 
Lodge, No. 17, and Mount Hamilton Lodge, No. 43, 
A. d U. W., San Jose, California, July 22, 1885. 

^' This magnificent cane was manufactured by Bro. Ed- 
ward B. Lewis, one of the leading jewelers of San Jose, and 
its chaste, unique, and artistic design reflects great credit 
on the designer and manufacturer. Brother Vintner, m his 
speech, pointed with good effect the triumphs of peace as 
compared with those secured by the warrior. In an im- 
passioned manner he pointed with pride to Father Up- 
church as one of the great organizers in the interests of 
humanity of the nineteenth century. Father Upchurch 
received the testimonial with evident satisfaction, and in a 
fervid and emotional manner, thanked them, for it." 

This beautiful present I cherish very highly, and it will be 
retained by me in remembrance of the noble-hearted Broth- 
ers who presented it. I trust that happiness and prosperity 
may attend them through life. 


July 23 arrived at Livermore at ten a. m., and stopped at 
the Livermore House. After dinner took a carriage and 
drove into the country; saw many fine vineyards; visited a 
winery under construction, that was being made of concrete. 
In the evening, the members of the Order formed in line 
and marched to the Rink, where Grand Master McPherson, 
W. H. Jordan, Brother Smith and myself delivered 
addresses. We had a large audience of both ladies and 
gentlemen, and great interest was taken in the work of the 
Order. I trust that much good may result from their meet- 

130 Life of Father Upchurch. 

back to san francisco. 

July 24 reached San Francisco at nine o'clock, a. m., and 
called at the office of Brother Jordan for mail. In the 
evening I attended District meeting, No. 4, with Verba 
Buena, No. 36, and four other Lodges in attendance. 
Past Grand Master Workman Wm. H. Barnes, myself, and 
several other Brothers addressed the meeting, I think with 
profit to those present. We had a very pleasant meeting, 
and after the close of the exercises, I returned to the hotel 
at half-past eleven o'clock, p. m. 


July 25, having been invited to visit the Pioneer Woolen 
Mills, I did so in the morning, accompanied by Grand 
Foreman Danforth and Brother Hoag, a representative of 
the Pacific States iVatcJunan. On entering the office I was 
introduced to Brother Piatt, the superintendent of the mill; 
was in the office about half an hour, when the employes of 
the mill — members of the Order — came in to the number 
of twenty. I was introduced to each of them; and the 
superintendent, in behalf of the Workmen of the mill, 
presented me with a splendid pair of blankets, with " Up- 
church " woven across the center. He stated that they 
were of the best material and workmanship that could be 
had, and cost fifty dollars, and that the Queen of England 
could not get any better. He also stated that each of the 
Workmen contributed his part of the labor in producing 
them. I replied, accepting the present with many thanks, 
assuring them that they would be kept in remembrance of 
the generous-hearted Workmen from whom they were re- 
ceived. Brother Danforth then made a few appropriate 
remarks. After the business of the office was over, we 

Visits Golden Dawn, D. of H. 131 

were conducted through the mill by the gentlemanly super- 
intendent, who took a great deal of pains in explaining the 
different processes of manufacture. When through at the 
mill, we repaired to the residence of Brother Piatt, and 
after an introduction to his amiable wife and daughter, par- 
took of a bountiful repast. In the afternoon I accompanied 
young Mr. Poland to Woodward's Zoological Gardens. In 
the museum were many fine specimens of birds, beasts, 
reptiles, fish, etc. 


In the evening, Golden Dawn Lodge, Degree of Honor, 
invited me to be present at their regular semi-monthly meet- 
ing, with the Grand Officers of this Jurisdiction, Past Grand 
Master Workman William H. Barnes, Grand Foreman 
Danforth, Grand Lecturer Reading, Deputy Grand Master 
Poland, District Deputy Grand Master Payson, the install- 
ing officers, and District Deputy Grand Master McDonald. 
During the installation ceremony the chairs were occupied 
as follows: Past Grand Master Upchurch, Grand Master 
Payson, Grand Foreman Barnes, Grand Overseer Danforth, 
Grand Guide McDonald. After installation, a musical 
selection for two violins, two cornets, and piano was ren- 
dered by Golden Dawn Band, and a piano solo by Miss 
Danforth. Bro. S. F. Poland officiated as Master of Cere- 
monies. Then Bro. Sam. Booth was called upon to extend 
the welcome and hospitalities of Golden Dawn Lodge to 
their honored guest, which he did in his usual happy man- 
ner. By universal request, Brother Barnes, in his inimita- 
ble style, sang a couple of humorous songs. The guest 
and Lodge members were then invited to the supper-room, 
where a bountiful collation had been duly laid, and when 

132 Life of Father Upchurch. 

ample justice had been done to this part of the entertain- 
ment, Brothers Barnes, Danforth, McDonald, and myself 
were called upon for remarks, all responding in brief 
speeches. Brother Booth put his response in the shape of 
the following song: — 


I'll sing to you a modern song, made by a modern pate, 
Of an antiquated Workman with a very small estate; 
Who earned a modest livelihood in Pennsylvania State, 
And comes to see his children, living by the Golden Gate — 

This fine American gentleman all of the modern time. 

When he was born no songs were sung, no flattering things 

were said; 
Nor did kind fortune on his path her bounteous blessings 

Nor was the realm of knowledge to his youthful vision 

But every day he had to say he'd earned his daily bread — 

Like a fine American gentleman, etc. 

As one by one the years rolled on, he grew to man's es- 
And then, no doubt, he cast about until he found his mate. 
Then, like a loyal citizen, he began to populate 
The State of Pennsylvania at a very rapid rate — 

Like a fine American gentleman, etc. 

To keep his numerous family well clothed, and housed, 

and fed. 
And make provision for them 'gainst the time when he was 


Visit to Woodland, 133 

A mutual protection plan kept running through his head, 
And lo ! our ''Ancient Order " on its glorious mission sped. 

From this fine xVmerican gentleman, etc. 

From State to State the Order spread among the great and 

And Lodges organized in every city and town hall; 
And thousands of good citizens to join them got a call, 
And look on ' Father Upchurch ' as the Daddy of them 


This fine American gentleman, etc. 

But not alone the Brethern come their filial love to pay, 
The Sisters of the Order too, would like a word tosay; 
And Golden Dawn extends to-night her hospitality 
And loving greeting to the Father of Fraternity — 

This fine American gentleman all of the modern time. 

At a late hour the festivities were concluded, and the 
ladies of Golden Dawn, Degree of Honor, No. lo, did 
themselves great honor, and afforded their guest great 
pleasure, by their cordial reception and pleasant entertain- 

July 26 attended meeting of Picnic Committee, and took 
dinner with Brother Whitten. 

July 27 called at the office of Brother Jordan for mail, and 
wrote home, notifying them of the shipment of blankets. 
In the afternoon, visited, with Brother Reading, the pano- 
rama of the Battle of Waterloo. The sight filled me with 
sadness, everything was gotten up so very natural. It is a 
grand painting. In the evening, went to California Theater 
with Brothers Loud and Danforth. 


" The reception of Father Upchurch at this place, July 
28, by the various Lodges of the Ancient Order of United 

1.34 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Workmen of this county, was a grand success, notwithstand- 
ing the fact that many of the members are at present out of 
town. The distinguished guest arrived on the quarter to 
three o'clock, p. m., train, with Brother Danforth, and was 
met at the depot by the Reception Committee, and taken 
to the Byrnes Hotel, where rooms had been engaged. Soon 
many of the prominent citizens, members of the Order, and 
tbwose who were not, called to pay their respects to the pio- 
neer Workman, and welcome him to the Sylvan City. 
After introduction and hand-shaking, our carriages were 
ordered, and the party spent a pleasant hour driving about 
the city. Father Upchurch expressed himself much pleased 
at the indications of thrift and prosperity visible on every 

"The grand event, however, was the reception at the 
Masonic Hall, in the evening. The hall, which in itself is 
a model of beauty and would do credit to a city many 
times larger than Woodland, was beautifully decorated for 
the occasion by a committee of ladies, consisting of Mrs. 
J. Westlake, Mrs. G M. Bently, and Mrs. H. Ervin. The 
artistic manner in which the hall was decorated was sufficient 
evidence of those ladies' taste. Conspicuous among the 
decorations was a fine picture of the honorable founder of 
our beloved Order, encircled with evergreens, and crowned 
with flowers. Before eight o'clock the hall was crowded to 
its utmost capacity, standing room being at a premium. 

" Professor McCormell called the assembly to order, and 
introduced Brother E. Danforth, of San Francisco, Grand 
Foreman, who delivered a brief address, exj)laining the 
beneficial features of the Order, and showing that it costs 
less than five cents per day to each member, to insure their 
families the sum of two thousand dollars in case of death. 
\fter Brother Danforth concluded, Professor McCormell in- 
troduced Father Upchurch, whose appearance on the stage 
was the signal for prolonged applause. 

" When silence was restored, the speaker, after thanking 
the audience for their cordial reception, spoke briefly on the 
inception and progress of the Order. He stated the diffi- 
culties and discouragements that had to be met and over- 

Goes to Colusa. 135 

come in the beginning, but that now it had grown to be the 
most powerful Fraternal and Beneficiary institution among 
men; its influence for good was felt throughout the length 
and breadth of the land. 

" Father Upchurch was listened to with profound atten- 
tion. Though, as he says, he makes no pretense to being a 
public speaker, his ideas are clear and his words well chosen. 

" The next on the programme was the recitation of the 
' Prize Poem,' by Sam Booth, published in the Watch- 
man of July II, by a little Miss May Powers. The little 
lady acquitted herself most charmingly, and was applauded 
most heartily. 

" After the literary exercises were concluded, the banquet 
hall was thrown open, and refreshments, such as fruit, ice- 
cream, cake, etc., were served. The chairs were removed 
from the center of the main hall, and a pleasant hour was 
spent in music and dancing. 

" The reception of Father Upchurch was an event that 
will long be remembered by the people of Woodland." — 
CorrespondeJit Pacific States Watchma?i, August 8. 

This is one of the most pleasant, as well as beautiful 
little cities that I have had the pleasure of visiting while on 
the coast. The people are generous to a fault. They left 
nothing undone that would tend to make my visit an en- 
joyable one. 

July 29 I visited the vineyard and raisin factory of Mr. 
R. B. Blair, three-fourths of a mile from town. Here is 
the finest grapery I have seen, though not the largest. It 
produces from five to sever.'^een tons per acre, with twenty- 
five acres of the finest peaches, plums, prunes, and apricots 
I have ever seen. I was shown through his evaporating- 
house, where tons of dried fruits are made annually. 


At thirty-five minutes past eleven o'clock we bade farewell 
to our friend and took the train for Colusa, where I met 

136 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Brother Jordan. We alighted at the town of Williams, 
about ten miles from Colusa. Here the Committee of 
Reception was waiting, and we were placed in carriages and 
driven across a lovely country to Colusa, a pretty little town 
on the banks of the Sacramento River, in Colusa County, 
and put down at the Colusa House. 

At four o'clock, p. m.. Supreme Foreman Wm. H. Jordan, 
assisted by Bro. E. Dan forth and myself, instituted Colusa 
Legion, No. ii, Select Knights, in Workman's Hall, with 
twenty-two charter members. In the evening, the Work- 
men formed in front of the hotel and escorted Brothers 
Jordan, Danforth, and myself to the theater, which was 
packed to its fullest capacity. Judge Bridgeford delivered the 
address of welcome, when he introduced me to the audience. 
I was received with enthusiasm, I addressed them, after 
which Brothers Jordan, Danforth, and Black delivered fine 
addresses in the interests of the Order, showing the advan- 
tage to be gained by becoming members thereof. 


" The reception tendered Father Upchurch by the 
Workmen of Colusa County, took place at Colusa on 
Wednesday evening, July 29, and it was in every respect a 
splendid ovation. The theater was packed full, and all 
could not get in, while the enthusiasm was unbounded. 
People came to the reception from all parts of the country; 
five carriages filled with members came thirty miles, and 
one brother came seventy miles. Many came from Marys- 
ville and other points outside the county. 

'' The exercises in the theater comprised a vocal quartette 
by Mrs. Chas. Whitney, Mrs. Kate Sherman, and Misses 
Graves and Pryor; an introductory speech by Judge Bridge- 
ford; addresses by Father Upchurch and Past Master W. 
H. Jordan, of San Francisco — which the Colusa Sun char- 
acterized as a very fine oration — an address by J. S. Black, 

Goes to Virginia City. 137 

of Butte City, and two songs by the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen Glee Club. 

" The exercises were followed by a general hand-shaking 
with Father Upchurch, and then came dancing and a fine 
supper at the Colusa House, to which nearly four hundred 
persons sat down. 

" Grand Foreman Danforth and Past Grand Master Jor- 
dan were the only Grand Officers present, and they are both 
of the opinion that the Colusa recepdon was ahead of any- 
thing that has yet taken place in the 'State." 

July 30 Judge Bridgeford took Brothers Danforth, Jordan, 
and myself in a carriage and drove into the country, which 
is the finest wheat-growing district in the State. Last year 
the county produced more than eleven million bushels, or 
one-fourth of all the wheat grown in the State. We drove to 
Judge Bridgeford's ranch and had some fine melons. On 
our return to the hotel, some brother had sent in to me a 
fine melon that weighed fifty pounds, and named it "Pea 
Nut," which we cut, and it proved to be a splendid one 
indeed. On leaving this place, Bro. W. G. Puig presented 
me with a beautiful finger ring, which I will cherish as a 
memento of my trip to this lovely little town and country. 
At eleven o'clock, a. m., Judge Bridgeford took us in his 
carriage to Williams, where we took the train, Brothers 
Jordan and Danforth for San Francisco, and I for Sacra- 
mento. Williams is a station on the California & Oregon 
Railroad. It has a Lodge of twenty-two members. On 
the next evening after the meeting at Colusa, they received 
fifteen applications for membership, which was a grand 
accession to that Lodge. 


I Stopped over a few hours at Sacramento to wait for 
Grand Lecturer E. M. Reading, who was to accompany me 

138 Life of Feather Upchurch. 

to Virginia City, Nevada. At half past seven o'clock, a. m., 
on the morning of the 31st, we reached Reno. Here a 
Committee of Reception, Brothers Dunne. Holman, Cowan, 
and Gladding,~were in waiting from Gold Hill and Virginia 
City. After breakfast, a coach and four was driven up, and 
we started for the Great Bonanza. I was much surprised 
at the beauty of this valley, its fine residences, fragrant 
flower gardens, well-cultivated farms, and all watered from 
the snow-clad mountains that loom up on either side. 
There is- a splendid mountain road the whole distance of 
twenty miles. We stopped at Steamboat Springs, celebrated 
for its medicinal properties. The water and steam gushes 
forth from a rent in the rock of the mountain hot enough to 
boil an egg in three minutes. The shock of an earthquake 
a few years ago opened the rock six inches wide. There 
are splendid accommodations for visiting invalids. I 
thought of what the Dutchman said, that "hell w^as not a 
mile from this spot.'' Only a few rods away is a cold water 
spring. We again entered the carriage, and started up Gei- 
ger's grade; passed Robber's Turn, and Dead Man's Point, 
which derived their names from the many robberies and 
murders that had been committed at these points in early 


Arrived at Virginia City at half past twelve o'clock, p. m., 
and stopped at the International Hotel, where rooms had 
been engaged for us. In the evening the Select Knights, 
in full uniform, formed in front of the hotel, and escorted 
us to the Piper Opera House, which was packed to its 
utmost capacity with the most orderly audience I ever saw. 
Men stood in the aisles for two hours, and not a dozen left 
the hall. The proceedings are better described by the 
Ijiter-Mou7itain Workman, as follows: — 

At Virginia City. 130 

" The brethren of our Order at Gold Hill and Virginia 
City, Nevada, had Father Upchurch with them on July 31. 
It was a royal occasion, and one that will long be remem- 
bered by all who had the privilege of participating therein." 

The Virginia City Enterprise had the following glowing 
account in a recent issue: — 

" J- J- Upchurch, the famous founder of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen, arrived in this city, from San Francisi;o, 
shortly after noon yesterday. Capt. P. J. Dennis and He- 
ber Holman, of Storey Lodge, No. 3, and J. F. Gladding 
and A. G. Cowan, members of Gold Hill Lodge, No. 2, 
who went to Reno to meet him, brought him up from Storey 
in a four-in-hand carriage. He found plenty of members 
of the Order to receive him and shake hands with him, and 
during the afternoon he took a look about town. In the 
evening the grand reception ten4ered him by the members 
of the Order in this section, took place at Piper's Opera 
House. The doors were opened at seven o'clock, and peo- 
ple poured in from all quarters. At eight o'clock the spa- 
cious theater was crowded full, and no more could get in. 
The gallery was closely packed, and all the standing room 
down below fully occupied, as also were the stage boxes and 
wings. It is estimated that fully fifteen hundred persons 
were present. The audience was largely composed of ladies, 
and on the stage were seated prominent members of the 
Order beside Father Upchurch, and in the rear, next to the 
scenery, were arranged a double row of Select Knights, in 
uniform. These are of a higher degree of the Order, and 
presented a very handsome appearance. 

'• Father Upchurch is a fatherly-looking gentleman of 
sixty-five years of age, with gray hair, white goatee, and no 
moustache. He is unpretentious in his manner and speech, 
and looks more like a plain farmer or a third-class Postmas- 
ter than the famous founder of one of the very best and 
most popular Orders or fraternal organizations in the United 
States. Naturally caring for and fraternally regarding his 
fellow-man, all feel naturally attracted toward him. Few 
men in this world have more true and earnest friends than 
good Father Upchurch. 

140 Life of Father Upchurch. 

" After a fine overture by the Virginia Orchestra Band- 
Professor Zimmer, leader — J. C. Harlow, Grand Foreman of 
the Ancient Order of United Workman in this State, called 
the assemblage to order, and made a well-delivered introduc- 
tory address, speaking of the occasion of this grand meeting 
to do honor to the distinguished founder of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. It was a Workmen's welcome 
to a Workman. He introduced Bro. J. A. Stephens, who 
delivered the address of welcome. 

" Mr. Stephens is a natural orator, and he threw his whole 
soul into the spirit of the occasion. He referred to Father 
Upchurch in eloquent terms, as the founder of the Order. 
He saw the needs' of his fellow Workmen, and devoted the 
energies of his mind to thQ perfection of a plan to amelio- 
rate and improve their condition. Labor, to be respected, 
must respect itself among mankind as well as at home. It 
must command the respe«t of the rich, and thus influence, 
and induce a willingness to divide the accumulations of 
wealth. He recapitulated the history and career of Father 
Upchurch, and related what he had done. The Order in 
the United States already numbered over one hundred and 
forty-five thousand, and he predicted that before the end of 
the present century the Order would number over one mill- 
ion of fearless Workmen. He closed with a cordial greet- 
ing to Father Upchurch, ' Such as we have we give unto 

•'The founder of the Order of United Workmen came 
forward, and was introduced amid universal applause. He 
disclaimed being a gifted orator, but would give a little plain 
talk. He spoke easily and without much effort, yet not in 
a loud voice. He expressed his gratification at the way he 
was received on the occasion, and could say with an earnest 
heart that he appreciated the honor conferred. He was one 
of those who had followed railroading for thirty-eight years, 
as a working mechanic in the shops. He saw the disadvan- 
tage under which his fellow-laborers, as well as himself, were 
suffering, most of which was brought about by their own 
imprudence, and felt impelled to study out some plan by 
which their condition might be bettered. There were 

At Virginia City. 141 

Trades Unions, but he found diem all selfish, and their 
aims and ends were detrimental to the interest of the em- 
ployers as well as those of the workingman. He thought 
he would try and bring them into an Order that would 
obviate and harmonize all their difficulties, make them 
united in their plans for mutual improvement and benefit, 
and make provision for the future; and he was happy to see 
that his object was accomplished. He gave a brief history 
of the earliest formation of the Order. Jefferson Lodge, 
No. I, was instituted at Meadville, Pennsylvania, October 
27, 1868, with only fourteen members. He showed them 
the work he had conceived, and the next morning a number 
of them demanded that the word ' white,' should be stricken 
from the Constitution. This he squarely refused to do, and 
the Recorder refunded to every man his entrance fee. On 
the 3d of November, the second meeting night, he was 
more than gratified at having six- of the members come in 
and pay their initiation fee the second time. One by one 
new members joined, ' and we began to feel in a flourishing 
condition.' Why he gave it the name 'Ancient,' was be- 
cause he wanted to give the origin and progress of the arts 
and sciences, and to do this, he had to refer to ancient his- 
tory, which showed him that Tubal Cain was the founder 
and instructor of all who worked in brass, iron, and other 
metals. He then referred to the building of the city of 
Babylon and Solomon's temple, so well described in holy 
writ. The Order had opposition from the very first, from 
other Orders, as well as from Workmen themselves; but in 
spite of all opposition, thank God, the Order has flourished 
until to-day we number more than one hundred and fifty-two 
thousand Workmen, whose families repose to-night secure 
from the contingencies of adversity and death. Multiply one 
hundred and fifty-two thousand by five, the estimated number 
of each family, and we have seven hundred and sixty thou- 
sand souls directly interested in the growth and prosperity 
of our beloved Order. He congratulated the members of 
the Jurisdiction on their success, with a membership of 
three thousand already, and rapidly increasing in members 
and prosperity. He was proud to see so many ladies pres- 

142 Life of Father CJpchurch. 

ent, as it shows the interest they take in the Order, which 
was formed for the benefit not only of their fathers, broth- 
ers, and husbands, but for themselves and their children. 
He addressed a few pertinent remarks to the Select Knights 
on the stage, reminding them of their obligations to stand 
by each other, and to draw their swords in defense of inno- 
cence and virtue, and, thanking his audience for the earnest 
attention shown to his remarks, he sat down, amid great 

" Grand Foreman Harlow now read telegrams from James 
Sullivan, Grand Master Workman, and J. W. Kinsley, Su- 
preme Representative Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
Helena, Montana, congratulating Father Upchurch on his 
very gratifying reception in this city. 


"'Helena, Mont, July 30, 1885. 
'"J. J. Upchurch, care of J. F. Gladding: Accept my 
compliments and the assurance that the brotherhood about 
you fairly represents the Order of this Jurisdiction. 

James Sullivan, Grand Master Workma7iJ 

" ' Helena, Mont., July 30, 1885. 
" 'J. F. Gladding: I congratulate the brethren of Storey 
County, the first to extend a public reception to Father 
Upchurch within our borders. The honor of our Jurisdic- 
tion is confidently intrusted to worthy hands. 

James Sullivan, Grand Master Woi-kmari.^ 

"'Helena, Mont., July 30, 1885. 
"'J. F. Gladding: I join with you in welcoming within 
our borders Father Upchurch, the Abou Ben Adhem of 
the nineteenth century. 

J. W. Kinsley, Siipreme Representative.^ 

" A double quartette of four ladies and five gentlemen, 
principally from Gold Hill, now appeared on the stage, and 
sang, in beautiful style, 'The Fisherman and His Child,' 
which was very deservedly encor:?d. 

Presented With a Silver Brick. 143 

" The following letter was received from Grand Recorder 
Thornburn, of Ogden, Utah: — 

'"Ogden, Utah, July 28, 1885. 
"'J. F. Gladding, Secretary of Committee —Dear Sir 
and Brother: Time and distance alone prevent me from 
following my very strong desire to be present with you at 
the reception of Father Upchurch. The reverence of one 
for his parents is sure evidence of his early training. The 
respect of the members of a fraternal society for the origi- 
nator of their system of government is also a sure indication 
of their standard of membership. Therefore, I know that 
Past Supreme Master Workman J. J. Upchurch, the founder 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, will fare well at 
your hands. At this place I had the pleasure of becoming 
personally acquainted with him, and am sure that every 
member of the Order will esteem it an honored privilege to 
cordially grasp the hand of this great benefactor of the 
widows and orphans of our brotherhood. I trust the occa- 
sion will redound to the advantage of our Order, be 
creditable to the brethren, and acceptable to the grand old 
man. Fraternally yours, 

D. Thornburn, Gra?id Recorder.' 

'* An original poem, by W. G. Hyde, Recorder of Gold 
Hill Lodge, Ancient Order of United Workmen, was a 
feature of the evening. It was read in a fine voice and 
style by the gentleman himself, and received with applause. 
It was a very well-written and creditable effort, and was 
followed by another fine overture by the band. 

presented with a silver brick. 

" The presentation of a silver brick was made by Past 
Master A. G. Cowan, in a very neat, well-delivered address, 
in the name of the Order. It is a very handsome little 
brick, appropriately engraved, and inclosed in a neat box or 
casket, and when the well-pleased recipient took it into his 
hands, rounds of applause resounded throughout the theater. 
He expressed his hearty approval of this beautiful and 

144 Life of Father Upchurch. 

valuable offering in a very Appropriate little speech of 
thanks, and said he should remember the brethren of the 
Order and the beautiful city of Virginia as long as he re- 
mained on the top of the earth. 

'•' E. M. Reading, Grand Lecturer of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen, of California, was introduced and 
made a very pleasing address, full of amusing recitals, which 
drew forth frequent applause. He represented the beauti- 
ful character of the Order in an effective style. 

" The double quartette now sung, ' Come Where the 
Lilies Bloom/ with fine effect and great applause, and this 
concluding the regular exercises, the floor was cleared 
for dancing. While this was being done, the audience 
was given an opportunity to visit Father Upchurch, and 
shake his good old hand, which all proceeded to do. 
At a late, or early, hour this morning the theater was still 
densely crowded with merry dancers.'^ 


August I Bro. Jerome Caldwell presented me with some 
fine specimens of silver ore from the Comstock Lode from 
the one thousand six hundred and fifty foot level, worth 
eighteen thousand dollars per ton. In the last twenty years 
four hundred million dollars were taken out of these 
mountains. At this mine there is a pump one hundred 
inches in diameter, and a fly-wheel thirty-four feet in diameter, 
which w^eighs one hundred and five tons. We also visited 
the Combination Shaft. The largest pump I ever saw is at 
this place — hi^^^h-pressure steam cylinder, thirty-five inches 
in diameter, with ten-foot stroke; low-pressure cylinder, 
seventy inches in diameter, with ten-foot stroke, and pumps 
one hundred inches in diameter, which lift one hundred 
thousand gallons of water per day. This shaft is three 
thousand one hundred and fifty feet deep. The water is 
emptied into the Sutro Tunnel, sixteen hundred feet below 
ihe surface. At this shaft the valves of the pump are 

At Carson City. 145 

worked by a separate engine; they also have a pump that 
gets up a pressure of one thousand pounds per inch. This 
machinery was built and set up by a firm in San Francisco. 
There are sixty thousand tons of iron under the surface at 
this shaft. We also visited the Hale & Norcross shaft. I 
fully intended to go down this shaft, but when I got there 
the steam was coming out of it so fast that I changed my 
mind. Here I got some very fine specimens of ore. We 
then visited the Yellow Jacket Mine, of Gold Hill. Brother 
Estep, Superintendent, presented me with fine specimens of 
gold and silver ore combined. After showing us through 
the building, we returned to our hotel. In the evening, 
attended Lodge meeting at Gold Hill and had a grand 
time. There were several addresses, and after the business 
of the Lodge was transacted, the doors of the banquet hall 
were thrown open, when all sat down to a magnificent sup- 
per, prepared by the ladies. At a late hour all retired to 
their several places of abode, highly elated at the success 
of the evening. 


August 2 District Deputy Grand Master Workman 
Gladding and Grand Foreman Harlow, took us in carriages 
to Carson City; went through Gold Hill, Silver City, and 
Gold Canyon. Not much gold is being taken out at the 
present time, on account of there being no water for wash- 
ing. We stopped at the Mexican Quartz Mills, four miles 
from Carson City. I think there are about eighty stamps 
which crush the quartz into powder. The quicksilver holds 
the precious metal and then carries off the refuse. It is a 
grand operation, so much so that with my limited knowledge 
of it I am unable to describe it. After being shown 
through the mill, we proceeded on to Carson City. 


14G Life of Father Upchurch. 

The brothers of Carson met us at the hotel, when the 
parlors were thrown open to us and we held an informal 
meeting, with many introductions and hand-shakmgs. 
Brother Reading and myself gave them a short talk. After 
dinner we visited the railroad shops with the master me- 
chanic. They are admirably arranged for the work of the 
road. We then visited the State House, which is a magnifi- 
cent building, well arranged; were in the office of the State 
Zoologist, and were shown a great number of fine specimens 
that had just been returned from the New Orleans Exposi- 
tion. We then visited the library and State Treasurer's 
office. Here I was introduced to the holder of the public 
funds of the State, who, I think, is the right man in the 
right place, as his size would deter anyone from assault, for 
fear there would be nothing left of them. After a social 
chat, we were driven to the State Prison, where we were 
introduced to Warden Bell, who is a courteous gentleman. 
He took every pains to show us everything of interest about 
the place. The floor of the prison yard is solid rock, there 
having been forty-five feet of rock taken off for the build- 
ing of the Capitol, prison, and other buildings. Here are 
tracks of horses, and elephants whose track measures 
twelve inches across, birds of many varieties, plain and 
large tracks of the sand-hill crane, eighteen inches apart; 
there are also tracks of human beings about three feet apart, 
supposed to be of the present stature. There are tracks of 
the wolf with the ball of the foot about two and a half inches 
across; in one place there are tracks of three persons — 
we judge from their size to be the old man leading a child 
and the old lady bringhig up the rear. Here the impression 
of the carcass of an elephant is to be seen imbedded in the 
rock. When the top rock was taken off two tusks were 

At Reno. 147 

found, one where the animal lay, the other about twenty 
feet away. They were eight feet long and in a good state 
of preservation, and it took four men to carry them. Hav- 
ing seen all that was interesting, we returned to the city. 
Carson is a beautiful place, situated in a valley with fine 
shade trees and some magnificent residences. The brothers 
of Carson, as well as Virginia, seemed to be very much 
interested in the work of the Order. After supper we took 
a carriage for Virginia City, arriving there at half past eight 
o'clock, p. M. 


August 3 Brothers Dunne and Brown called for us at nine 
o'clock, A. M., with a carriage, and took us to the mouth of 
the Sutro Tunnel, seven miles distant. Here a car was 
placed at our disposal, and we went into the Tunnel about 
five thousand feet. It was extremely warm. This tunnel 
takes the water from the mines, one thousand and six hun- 
dred feet below the surface. Six hundred thousand gallons 
of water pass through here every twenty- four hours, and are 
discharged into the Carson Valley. It is so hot that you 
can hardly leave your hand in it. We then went to Dayton 
and took lunch. This is a little town of five hundred in- 
habitants, with a Lodge of eighty members, which shows 
for itself what interest is taken in the Order there. We 
then took a carriage through Gold Canyon for Virginia 
City. At Gold Hill I had a fine lot of gold and silver 
quartz presented to me by Bro. Adam Bay. 


At half past five o'clock took the train for Reno, accom- 
panied by Brother Estep. In the evening w^e attended 
Lodge meeting. There was a good turn-out of members, 

148 Life of Father Upchurch. 

and especially of the ladies. Had some excellent music, 
both vocal and instrumental, and addresses by Brother 
Reading, several members, and myself, and after business was 
through with we partook of a fine collation in the banquet 
hall adjoining the Lodge hall, and had an enjoyable time 

August 4 was driven around town, w4:iich has some very 
fine buildings, among them the school buildings. There 
are about two thousand inhabitants in this pretty litttle city. 
We then visited the insane asylum, which has one hundred 
and fifty inmates. One of the patients presented me with 
a "bill of sale," as he called it, for the whole establishment. 
Another of the inmates called me by name, and handed 
me a petition signed by twenty-eight patients, requesting 
me to hand it to the District Attorney, who would let them 


At half past eight o'clock, p. m., we took the train for San 
Francisco. Took breakfast on the 5 th at Sacramento, and ar- 
rived at San Francisco at half past ten o'clock, P. M. I 
went direct to the office of Brother Jordan, and got letters 
from home, stating that my wife and grandchild were sick. 
At half past four o'clock I took dinner at the residence of 
Grand Foreman E. Danforth, with Brothers Barnes, Poland, 
and a number of ladies. Had an excellent time, and all 
seemed to enjoy it hugely. 

August 6 a man calling himself Thomas Francis, a 
brother of Edward Francis, who at one time worked at the 
railroad shop in Steelville, Missouri, stated that he had lost 
all his money at mining, and could not get work in the city, 
but had been offered a job on a farm at Stockton at twenty- 
five dollars per month and board, but had no money to get 

Goes to Los Angeles. 149 

tliere witli. I loaned him one dollar and fifty cents, and he 
promised to write me at home. In the evening I went with 
Brother Jordan to Oakland, and visited Pacific Lodge, No. 
7; the hall being well filled, Brother Barnes and myself ad- 
dressed the audience. The members of this Jurisdiction 
are full of fraternity, consequently take a great interest in 
the growth and prosperity of the Order. Had a find colla- 
tion of fruits and melons, and remained with Brother Jor- 
dan over night. 

August 7 returned to San Francisco, and in the evening 
visited Occidental Lodge, No. 6, of Oakland. A number 
of speeches were made, one of which was by Bro. W. H. 
Jordan, and one by myself. We had a very good meeting, 
and I believe much good will result from it. At the close 
we had a fine collation, which was enjoyed by all present. 
After adjournment we returned to San Francisco. 

August 8 I was in my room nearly all day, watching the 
procession in honor of U. S. Grant. In the evening I 
visited, wdth Grand Master McPherson and Grand Lecturer 
Reading, Harmony Lodge, No. 9; had a very pleasant 
time, and, I trust, a profitable meeting. This Lodge has 
three hundred and forty members, pays ten dollars a week 
sick benefit, and has over one thousand dollars in bank. 
They are alive to the interest of the Order. 


August 9 Grand Master McPherson and myself left San 
Francisco at half past three o'clock, p. m., for Los Angeles, 
on the Central Pacific; going up the Tehachepi Mountain, 
saw what is called the Loop. It was a new idea to me, how 
to get to the top of a mountain. Took breakfast at Mohave, 
three hundred and eighty-one miles from San Francisco. 
This station is on the edge of Mohave Desert, and is the 

150 Life of Father Upchurch. 

terminus of the Tulare and San Joaquin Valley. All pro- 
visions must be transported over the mountains, and the water 
is carried in pipes from a spring ten miles away. There are 
several stores and residences here, and the railroad com- 
pany has a round-house for fifteen engines, a machine shop, 
and a large freight warehouse. Freight wagons are always 
on hand to unload bullion and other freight, and carry them 
to different parts of the country and Mexico. From this 
point there is a line of stages running to all the principal 
towns, the fare being about twenty cents per mile. The 
Atlantic & Pacific Railroad forms a junction at this place. 

This district produces nothing but a species of sage 
brush and cactus, which grows from ten to twenty feet high. 
Its wood is used for making paper, which is said to be equal 
to the best bank-note paper. 

Between Sand Creek and Lancaster, off to the left, I saw 
what appeared to be a fine lake. The waves seemed to roll 
naturally; but on inquiry I learned it was what is known as 
the mirage of the desert, formed of sand and alkali. Lan- 
caster is a station with half a dozen buildings, just south of 
the desert. Here is a flouring mill, and it is said that the 
soil produces well when watered. There were some fruit 
trees and about one hundred grape-vines that looked thrifty. 
At Newhall Station, a town of half a dozen houses, were 
piles of two-inch gas pipe, to be sent to the oil wells. At 
this point there is a good hotel, and a short distance from 
here is the San Fernando Tunnel, six thousand nine hun- 
dred feet long, with a grade of one hundred sixteen feet 
to the mile. 


"At San Fernando Father Upchurch and Grand Master 
McPherson were met by a Committe of Welcome, consisiing 
pf the following members: James Booth, J. F. C. Johnson, 

At Los Angeles. 151 

J. S. Mills of Pasadena, Al. Cobler, Walter Deveraux, \V. 
F. Poor, Robert Sharp, F. A. Haskell, W. Myers, Dr. E. 
T. Shoemaker, E. C Glidden, J. L. Livingstone of the 
Express, and Robert Farrell. The committee from Los 
Angeles boarded the down train for San Fernando, and were 
introduced to Father Upchurch and Duncan McPherson, 
Grand iMaster Workman, by Deputy Supreme Commander 
of the Select Knights, Ancient Order of United W^orkmen, 
Al. Cobler; after \vhich H. C Hubbard, Master Workman 
of San Fernando Lodge, No. 214, introduced the several 
members of his Lodge, who were presented to Father 
Upchurch. In an interview^ our distinguished visitor, on 
his way to the city, expressed himself more than delighted 
with his reception in Nevada and California. This being 
his first visit to the Pacific Coast, he had been surprised at 
the growth and wonderful development of the country 
which he passed through. His visit had been a continued 
ovation, not only from members of the Order, but by repre- 
sentative men of the coast, who had done all in their power 
to make his journey a pleasant one, and to afford him^ a 
vast amount of information. He had looked forward with 
pleasure to his visit to Southern California, where the Order 
had made such wonderful strides in a short time, and whose 
world-wide reputation for hospitality had no equal. 


" Immediately after the arrival of the train in this city 
the party took carriages to the St. Elmo, where an elegant 
dinner was prepared for the reception of the distinguished 
guests and the Reception Committee. Father Upchurch 
and Grand Master Workman Duncan :McPherson occupied 
the head of the table, while Deputy Supreme Commander 
Al. Cobler occupied the opposite end. 

'•After dinner the distinguished visitors made friendly 
visits, and then awaited the grand procession, which formed 
on Los Angeles and Commercial Streets in two divisions 
and marched under command of Al. Cobler, Marshal, with 
Asa Green, John Hughes, and J. D. Campbell as aids. 

" The first division was composed of Los Angeles Lodge, 

152 Life of Father Upchurch. 

No. 55; Santa Ana, No. 82; Silver Star, No. 84; Anaheim, 
No. 85; Compton, No. 120; Wilmington, No. 130; Pasadena, 
No. 152; El Monte, No. 188; Southern California, No. 191; 
San Fernando, No. 214; Newhall, No. 218; Pomona, No. 
225; East Los Angeles, No. 230; Azusa, No. 232; Alham- 
bra, No. 233, escorted by the City Band. The second 
division was escorted by the Eagle Corps Band, and con- 
sisted of California Lodge, No. i; Pomona, No. 4; San Ber- 
nardino, No. 5; Los Angeles, No. 6; and Wilmington, No. 
8 — Select Knights. In an opening of this division was a 
carriage drawn by six bright bay horses, containing Father J. 
J. Upchurch, Grand Master Workman Duncan McPherson, 
Past Master Workman Walter Lindley, President of the Day, 
Past Master Workman William D. Morton, Orator; second 
carriage, Deputy Grand Master Workman James Booth, 
Deputy Grand Master Workman John F. C. Johnson, 
Deputy Grand Master Workman John S. Mills. Fol- 
lowing the second came the Knights, bringing up the rear 
of the column. The procession marched down Main 
Street to Fourth, to Fort, to Temple, to Spring, to Turn 
Verein Hall, where the parade was dismissed; and the 
immense throng moved into the hall to witness the recep- 
tion and literary exercises. 

"Following were the exercises at the hall: Overture by 
Eagle Corps Band; Brother Walter Lindley, Chairman, then 
addressed the audience in a very appropriate and instructive 
manner, and, of course, giving the rise and progress of the 
Order in Southern California, also the advantages to be 
derived by the families of those who associate themselves 
with the Order, etc. Then followed a fine quartette, after 
which the address of welcome by Past Master Workman 
W. D. Morton was delivered in a very glowing and feeling 
manner, to which Father Upchurch replied, giving the 
circumstances that caused an impression on his mind which 
led to the organization of the Order, its progress and bene- 
fits. He was followed by Grand Master Workman Duncan 
McPherson, who spoke in his pleasing and entertaining 
manner, giving many interesting, as well as amusing, inci- 
dents. At the close of the exercises, all partook of ^, 
sumptuous banquet^ and wound up with a dance," 

Viewing the Country. 



\ugust 1 1 the Grand Master Workman and myself, accom- 
p^nicd bv Brothers James Booth, Al. Cobler, Robert Sharp, 
E. C. Gliddin, and A. C Hall, made a tour of a few of the 
mostbeautiful and notedplaces aboutLos Angeles. TheSan 
Gabriel Valley was visited, taking in Pasadena, a little town, 
and the surrounding country, which is lovely beyond 
description. There are some fine country residences and 
magnificent lawns, fine orange groves, and fruits of all 
descriptions. We went forward until we reached Sierra 
Madra Villa, which is a magnificent summer resort, sur- 
rounded by fine groves of orange, lemon, lime, and many 
others, with fountains of pure water rushing down from the 
mountain. After lunch we again took carriages and started 
for the city, passing through "Lucky" Baldwin's ranch, 
which consists of a whole township of the fruit land in the 
valley, with fine buildings, fountains, lakes, etc., also fine 
orange, lemon, and walnut orchards. On leaving here we 
called at the winery of J. L. Rose. He has fifteen hundred 
acres in grapes and three hundred in oranges and English 
walnuts/ Some of the trees are fifteen inches through. 
The gentleman informed me that he would make two hun- 
dred ""and fifty thousand gallons of wine, and fifty thousand 
gallons of brandy from his own crops. They had just begun 
to crather their grapes. On leaving here we called at the 
San Gabriel Mission. The old mission house still stands, 
an adobe or sun-dried brick structure one hundred and four 
years old. It is in a rather bad condition; there are a num- 
ber of buildings, but very few in good condition. There 
are quite a number of Mexicans still living here, and they 
^Iso have a Lodge here. 

In the evening we attended a meeting of three Lodges 

154 Life of Father Upchurch. 

at the Odd Fellows' Hall. Ten new members were initiated 
into the Ancient Order of United Workmen. I find that 
the brothers here, as well as in other parts of California, are 
full of fraternity and good-fellowship. It would give me 
the greatest satisfaction if all the Jurisdictions were as much 
interested in the growth and prosperity of our beloved 
Order, as is the case in California. August 12 we visited 
East Los Angeles Lodge. The hall was densely packed. 
There was speaking by Grand Master McPherson, myself, 
and several of the members, and we had a very social and 
instructive meeting. 

This Lodge is called the Baby Lodge, but if ii continues 
to grow in the future as it has in the past, it will become 
larger than the Mother, which is of good size. Los Angeles 
is a lovely city and is making some fine improvements. 
The business of the city is also increasing remarkably fast. 
One great improvement could be made by removing the old 
Spanish adobe houses. 


August 13, at half past nine o'clock, a. m., took the train 
for Santa Monica, a summer resort, on the beach of old 
ocean. This place has about four hundred inhabitants. 
The beach is fine, and many enjoy bathing in the surf. 
Along the beach are about forty tents for the use of bath- 
ers, and quite a number of our party availed themselves of 
the pleasure of a plunge. 

At half past three o'clock, p. m., we again took the train 
for Los Angeles. In the evening we attended the Legion of 
Select Knights. I acted as chaplain, and we took in two 
comrades, conferred all the Degrees, and gave them a short 
talk on our duties to the Order and each other. Brother 

Returns to San Francisco. 155 

Dexter, of No. 6, presented me with a fine meerschaum 
pipe, here. 


August 14, at half past twelve o'clock, p. m., took the 
train for San Francisco. Nothing of note occurring, we 
arrived at half past ten o'clock, a. m., on the 15th, and 
went to the Baldwin Hotel. In the evening was called 
upon by Past Grand Master Workmen W. H. Barnes and 
W. H. Jordan. I accompanied them to Alameda Lodge, 
No. 165, which gave a theatrical entertainment entitled the 
" Mistletoe." Returned to the city at half past twelve, a. m., 
on the 1 6th. As the time drew near for me to leave the 
brothers of California, and especially those of San Francisco 
and Oakland, my heart grew sad. I felt that I was parting 
with dear friends, whom, in all probability, I should never 
meet again — friends who had done all that any people 
could do to make my visit the most pleasant and enjoyable, 
every pains being taken to show me everything of interest 
in and around the city. I had been escorted either by the 
Grand Master Workmen or some of the Grand Officers 
throughout the State of California and Nevada. But this 
is not all; they had paid every expense and supplied every 
want since I left my home in the East, and contributed 
about five hundred and fifty dollars to meet my liabilities on 
my return home. 

On the morning of the i6th, Grand Master McPherson, 
Grand Foreman Danforth, and Grand Lecturer Reading took 
breakfast with me, when we took a carriage for the steamer. 
On our arrival on the wharf where passage had been secured 
on the steamer Columbia^ for Portland, Oregon, having ac- 
cepted an invitation to do so from the Grand Lodge of that 
Jurisdiction, Brothers Grand Master McPherson, Grand 

K6 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Foreman Danforth, Grand Lecturer Reading, Past Grand 
Master Barnes, Past Master Lewis, F. H. McDonald, %. T. 
Dewey, Ex- Governor Perkins, and many others, attended me 
to the steamer and placed me in charge of the officers, the 
captain and a number of the officers being members of the 


I bade adieu to my CaHfornia sons wath great reluctance, 
feeling a deep sense of my obligations, not only to the 
officers of the Grand Lodge, but to the members generally, 
trusting that the spirit of fraternity might attend them 
throughout all time to come. Among my fellow-passengers 
were Brother John Mcintosh, of San Francisco, and sev- 
eral others, who tried to make my trip as pleasant as pos- 
sible. At half past ten o'clock, a. m., we steamed out, with 
clear weather — Captain Bolles; as first officer, Augustine 
Maynard; chief engineer, Van Deusen; first assistant, 
Brinkerhoff. The w^eather continued fair until after we 
passed the Golden Gate, and toward night it got very foggy 
and the sea ran high ; had to sound fog-horn every half 
minute. Came very near run-iing into a schooner. Was 
a little sick that evening. August 17 sea was still rough; 
saw a few whales ; passed a number of vessels. At three 
o'clock, p. M., saw land and a number of rocks -standing 
high out of the water. 

August 18 fog was thick enough to cut; could not see 
more than fifty yards from steamer; automatic fog-horn 
sounded every minute. We drifted off and on from six o'clock, 
A. M., to twelve. AVe crossed the bar at half-past twelve, 
and passed the wreck of the Great Republic^ \vhich went 
down a few years ago. It lay about two hundred yards from 
the coiirse of our steamer. There are establishments for 

Arrival in Oregon. 157 

canning fish all along the shores of Oregon on the right, and 
Washington Territory on the left. Passed New Fort, under 
construction. A revenue cutter was lying off the fort. 


Arrived at Astoria, Oregon, at half past one o'clock, p. M., 
and was met at the wharf by a Committee of Reception and 
escorted to the Occidental Hotel. After dinner. Dr. Tuttle 
took me in a buggy around the town, which has about five 
thousand inhabitants, some good buildings, a Custom House, 
opera house, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, Masonic halls, and a number of 
saw-mills, that cut from fifty thousand to one hundred and 
fifty thousand feet of pine lumber per day, and twenty-four 
canning establishments for salmon. We also visited the 
cemetery. One headstone reads as follows : — 






We then went on top of Cockscomb Mountain, and could 
see the bar and several bays. A fine view of the city can 
be had from this point. In the evening we visited Seaside 
Lodge, No. 12, Ancient Order of United Workmen, and had 
a very good attendance. Grand Master George B. Dorris 
was to have met me there, but failed. I addressed the 
members for about half an hoiir, and was followed by sev- 
eral members. This Lodge has a membership of one hun- 
dred and fourteen, and they are alive to the interest of the 

158 Life of Father UrcHtiRCH. 

i ■ ' "- — aa 

Order. At the close of the exercises the Lodge closed, 
when I was conducted to the steamer Telegraphy which 
started for Portland at six, a. m., on the 19th. The Co- 
lumbia River is a beautiful stream. The boat touched on 
either side. 


We landed at Portland at two o'clock, p. m., and was met 
at the boat by Dr. J. A. Child, with a Committee of Recep- 
tion. Entered carriage and was taken to the Gilman House. 
Committee of Arrangements held consultation, and decided 
to reduce the length of time that I was to remain in this 
Jurisdiction to the 6th of September. 

August 20 I visited, with Doctor Child, the High School 
building, in course of erection. It will cost, when com- 
pleted, one hundred and fifty-three thousand dollars, and 
is an honor to the city and the Board of Directors. It was 
to be completed the beginning of September. This city 
has about thirty-five thousand inhabitants, and is a very 
substantial city, with many fine and costly edifices. In the 
afternoon. Dr. J. H. Kessler and lady, old acquaintances 
from my home place, called on me at the hotel, and we had 
quite a pleasant chat on old times. In the evening I vis- 
ited, with Doctor Child and a few others, East Portland 
Lodge, Ancient Order of United Workmen. The attend- 
ance was very slim, only forty members present. After an 
introduction, I addressed the audience, followed by several 
other brothers. There seemed to be a good feeling ex- 
isting among the members present. On adjournment, we 
returned to the hotel. 

August 21 I visited Brother F. Abel's photographic gal- 
lery, and sat for a picture. None of the brothers called on 
me that day but Brothers Child and Jefferas, of No. 2, Oak- 


land, California. I felt quite unwell all day. In the even- 
ing took boat for' Fort Vancouver; only ten persons on 
board, which was a disappointment to the committee and 
commander of the boat. Was met at the landing by a com- 
mittee and escorted to the hall, where a public meeting was 
held, about one hundred persons being present. After the 
address of welcome, I was introduced and addressed the 
audience. A good feeling existed among the members of 
the Order there. Returned at half past twelve o'clock, a. m. 


August 2 2 did not get up till half past nine o'clock, con- 
sequently got no breakfast. Went with Doctor Stephenson 
to see the car being prepared for the exhibition at New 
Orleans. It contained fine grain, grapes, and fruits. It 
was to start on its journey the next day, and be in St. Louis 
from the 4th to the loth of October. This car was 
gotten up by the Emigrant Aid Association, and put 
under the direction of E. W. Allen, Commissioner ap- 
pointed by the Governor. Visited the wholesale house of 
Murphy, Grant & Co., the largest firm in the West. This 
house is managed by Captain White, who showed us through 
the building. The Captain gives a bad lookout for the 
future business of this city. At five o'clock, p. m., took the 
train for McMinnville, arriving at eight o'clock. Was met 
at the depot by a number of the members. They stated 
that there would be no meeting, as it was impossible to get 
a hall. I was introduced to about two dozen brothers and 
their ladies, after which we were all called to the dining- 
room, where a fine supper was in waiting, to which we did 
ample justice. I then gave them a short talk on the duty 
they owed to their families and the Order. 

August 23, in the morning, I took a stroll through the 

160 Life of Father Upchurch. 

town; called on Doctor Moore and talked to him, he agree- 
ing to send in his application to join the Order. The town 
has about one thousand five hundred inhabitants, four 
churches, and two banks. The Lodge numbers forty-three 
members. I saw only two members of the Order that day, 
but found a good many young and middle-aged men who 
did not belong to the Order, Fraternity, here, seems to be 
as scarce as angels' visits. Took dinner with Brother 
Harver; in the afternoon visited Sabbath-school in the 
Christian Church, about twenty children attending. In the 
evening I attended the same churcJi, and listened to a 
temperance lecture, by Mr. Anderson, of Chicago. 

August 24 left for Portland on the quarter to six train. 
In the evening a public reception was given me at the 
Masonic Hall, about five hundred persons being present. 
Address of welcome by J. F. Capus, when I was introduced 
to the audience by Dr. J. A. Child. I replied, giving them 
the origin and progress of the Order, the many blessings 
that had been conferred through its influence, and the 
duty we owe to our families and the community by living 
up to its principles, and using our means to induce others 
to unite with us in pushing the good work forward. I was 
followed by Bro. J. A. Stephens, in a fine address, which 
was convincing and instructive, calculated to arouse en- 
thusiasm in the interest of the Order, and plant fraternity 
deep in the hearts of his hearers. Everybody seemed to 
enjoy it, and after the exercises of the meeting were over, 
the floor was cleared for the merry dancers. On adjourn- 
ment, about half a dozen brothers and their ladies went to 
a restaurant and partook of cream and cake. 

August 25 Doctors Stephens and Coader took me in a 
carriage around the city. Saw some fine residences, and 

Goes to Victoria, B. C 161 

beautiful streets, well set with shade trees; crossed the river to 
East Portland, thence to Milwaukee, where we recrossed 
the river to White House, which is a place of summer re- 
sort. From here we visited the water-works. In the even- 
ing visited Hope Lodge; only fourteen persons were present, 
and only five of them members of Hope Lodge. There was 
a fearful state of affairs in this Jurisdiction, especially in 
and around Portland. 

I talked to them and tried to show them their duty, and 
induce them to arouse from their lethargy and do some- 
thing to build up the Order. Duty to themselves de- 
manded that thty go to work with renewed energy for the 
interest of the Order. They told me that a former Grand 
Master Workman told them it was not a fraternal organiza- 
tion, that its beneficiary feature was its only consideration. 
It will take more than I am able to give to enthuse them. 


August 26^ at half past eleven o'clock, took the train, 
with Dr. J. A. Child, for Victoria, British Columbia. A 
perfect wilderness nearly the whole distance through Wash- 
ington Territory, excepting at Chehalis, which has one 
church, one bank, and about three hundred inhabitants. 
The next town is Centralia, which has two churches, a bank, 
and about three hundred inhabitants. There are some 
pretty good farms. A few miles below this town the coun- 
try is nothing but a bed of gravel for thirty or forty miles, 
extending to the Sound. At Tacoma we took the steamer 
Oly7npia, for Victoria. Reached Seattle about eight o'clock, 
p. M.; went up-town while freight was being unloaded. 
Left Seattle at twelve, and reached Port Townsend at six 
o'clock, A. M., on the 27th. Discharged some freight and 

162 Life of Father Upchurch. 

left at half past seven o'clock. This was a very good boat, 
but had quite poor accommodations. Landed at Victoria 
at half past ten o'clock, and was met by a Committee of 
Reception, a part of whom w^ere Custom House officers, 
who passed us through without detention. We were placed 
in carriages and driven to the Occidental Hotel. Here I 
met three brothers from Meadville, Pennsylvania; one of 
them was Brother Wright, who said he knew me there, and 
that he belonged to Jefferson Lodge, No. i. Was intro- 
duced to Hon. J. McKinney, Governor of Alaska. In the 
afternoon a committee, consisting of Brothers W. S. Wright, 
H. Short, A. R. Nielan, and others, called at my hotel wath 
three carriages, and took Dr. J. A. Child and lady, Dr. 
Funda, and myself, with other brothers, out to Esquimalt, 
where w^e dismounted, and were taken in boats out to the 
British man-of-war, Triumph, a ten- gun ship, besides about 
a dozen small guns, where we were shown through the ship, 
and everything pointed out to us and explained, for which 
our conductors were well paid. After leaving the ship w^e 
were conducted to the new dry dock that is being con- 
structed. It is six hundred feet long, and built of granite. 
We then re-entered the carriages and returned -to the city, 
which is beautifully laid out, and has many fine buildings, 
including residences, churches, and public buildings. In 
the evening we visited the Lodge room, where, after an in- 
troduction to the members, a procession was formed, and, 
headed by the band, we marched to the Olympic Theater, 
about five hundred persons having assembled. The meet- 
ing being called to order, the' address of welcome was 
delivered by Bro. A. R. Nielan, after which I addressed the 
audience, followed by Doctor Child. Here there was a good 
deal of enthusiasm; the people all seem to be interested in 

In Washington Territory. 163 

the growth of the Order. The exercises being over, all re- 
paired to the Oriental, where a fine spread was in waiting, 
and was partaken of with satisfLXCtion, a good feeling exist- 
ing. We had a nice time generally. 


August 28, at one o'clock, p. m., took steamer, Geo. E. 
La7C', for Seattle. Landed at Port Townsend, and went 
ashore for about twenty minutes. Reached Seattle at a 
quarter past one o'clock, on Saturday, the 29th, and was 
taken by committee in carriages around the city, which has 
a population of twelve thousand, wdth some splendid 
buildings, both public and private. This is a very rough 
and broken country. A public reception was given in the 
evening, at Yester's Hall, which was largely attended by 
members of the Order and citizens of both sexes. The 
meeting being called to order, an address of welcome, by 
Bro. James F. McNaught, was delivered, and w^as replied to 
by myself, Dr. J. A. Child, and others. After adjournment, 
a banquet was had at the Oriental Hotel, to which one hun- 
dred and fifty persons sat down, and seemed to enjoy them- 
selves to the utmost. One brother arose and thanked me 
for the part of my address that applied to himself. He 
stated that he belonged to the Order, but it had been so 
long since he attended the Lodge meetings that he did not 
know which one he belonged to. He confessed that he had 
not attended to his duties, but if I would forgive him, he 
would attend more punctually in the future. The members 
here are more enthusiastic, and take more interest in the 
Order, than any place I have been since my arrival in this 
Jurisdiction. At a late hour the meeting adjourned, well 
satisfied with everything. We were up nearly all night, 
waiting for the boat, but, owing to the fog, it could not get in. 

164 Life of Father Qpchurch. 


Ausjust 30, in the morning, took the boat for Tacoma (the 
Indian meaning for this being "breast milk "). In the after- 
noon Bro. A. S. Howell, an engineer on the North Pacific 
Railroad, escorted me through the machine shops, and 
round-house. In the evening I visited the Lodge room, 
and met a number of the brothers there; held an informal 
meeting, but had a very pleasant time in social conversation. 
I spoke to them of the importance of going to work with 
energy and determination to build up the Order. Stopped 
at the Tacoma House, said to be the largest and best hotel 
north of San Francisco, being able to accommodate three 
hundred guests, and all take seats at the table at the same 
time. Tacoma Mountain lies off to the east, but the fog 
was so dense that we could not see beyond fifty yards. 


August 31 took the train for Olympia, arriving there at 
half past ten o'clock, a. m. Was met at the depot by a 
committee and conveyed to the Carleton House. After 
dinner, the committee called in carriages, and took us to 
the water-falls, which are very fine, though small. We then 
drove around the city, which contains some good buildings, 
three or four churches, with good schools. Called at the 
wood water-pipe factory; they were making some necessary 
repairs, and we did not see them in operation; two grist- 
mills and one door and sash factory. The water here de- 
scends one hundred and fifty feet in three hundred yards. 
That forenoon I had an introduction to Governor Squires, 
and invited him to attend the meeting, which he promised 
to do if he could get away from his office. In the evening 
I visited the Lodge room, and was introduced to many 
members, and had a good time generally. On adjournment, 

Goes to Albany, Oregon. 165 

a procession was formed, and, headed by the band, moved 
through the principal streets of the city, lialting at the City 
Hall, which was well filled with people of both sexes. 
Meeting being called to order by the chairman, an overture 
was played by the band; an address of welcome was deliv- 
ered by Past Master Workman Brown, to which I responded, 
being followed by both instrumental and vocal selections of 
music; after which Dr. J. A. Child, and others, addressed 
the audience. The meeting was both entertaining and in- 
structive, everybody being delighted. On adjournment, all 
repaired to the Carleton House, where a fine banquet was 
in readiness, which we partook of enjoyingly. Many toasts 
were read. Among the most prominent persons present 
were Governor Squires and lady, w'th whom I held quite a 
lengthy conversation on the principles of the Order. In 
response to a toast, the Governor said that he had made 
some inquiries as to the principles and aims of the Order, 
and from what he had learned to-night, he would be glad to 
become a member of such a noble institution, and requested 
the Recorder to call on him with an application, and he 
would sign it. There were many fine speeches, and all 
present enjoyed them.selves to the fullest extent. At the 
proper time all dispersed, highly elated over the enjoyments. 
Here the brothers are full of fraternity, and are doing all 
that is in their power for the upbuilding of the Order. 


September i left Olympia for Albany, Oregon, passing 
through Portland, and reaching there at nine o'clock, p. m. 
Was met at the depot by Committee of Reception, com- 
posed of Brother Allen and others. We were taken in a 
carriage direct to the Lodge room, there being assembled 
about twenty-fiive members and half a dozen ladies. They 

166 Life of IFather Upchurch. 

said it was so late their members would not stop. There 
was an address of welcome by one of the brothers (whose 
name I have forgotten), to which I replied, being followed 
by Dr. J. A. Child. We had a very good time, and I trust 
that much good may result from it. The members present 
w^ere much interested in the work of the Order. After ad- 
journment we were taken to the Revere House. 

September 2 Brother Child returned to Portland. In the 
morning Brother Allen and myself walked around the city. 
They have some good buildings, two banks, eight good 
church buildings, ten church organizations, and ministers. 
Several churches are closed for want of support. The in- 
terest in the Order runs low. Some wide-awake brother 
should visit them who can /<?z/;^^ fraternity into them. The 
agricultural surroundings are fine. 


Brothers i\llen and Woodman went with me to the train, 
and at twelve o'clock, m., I started for Roseburg, arriving at 
six o'clock, p. M. Was met at the depot by the Committee 
on Reception, and taken to the McClellan House. In the 
evening a public reception was tendered me at the Court 
House. Had a very large audience, a fine band of twenty- 
two pieces. The meeting was called to order by the chair- 
man. Overture by the band, after which the address of 
welcome was delivered by Brother Hurst, to which I replied, 
being followed by Grand Master Workman Davis in an able 
and interesting address, to whom marked attention was 
paid. The members seemed to take great interest in 
the Order; in fact, the members and people generally 
expressed themselves as greatly pleased with the proceedings 
of the evening. It is believed that much good will result 

Goes to Salem, Oregon. 167 

from the exercises of the evening. On adjournment, the 
members and their ladies, with the band, repaired with me 
to the hotel, where a fine collation was in readiness, and 
was enjoyed by all present. At a seasonable hour all 
retired, much gratified with tlic entertainment. This is a 
live little town of about fifteen hundred inhabitants, some 
good buildings, banks, churches, schools, etc. 


September 3, at quarter past five o'clock, a. m., took the 
train north, for Eugene City, arriving at nine, a. m., where 
a committee was in waiting at the depot, when we took a 
carriage and went to the St. Charles Hotel. In the evening 
was escorted by a committee to the hall, and after intro- 
ductions and hand-shaking, a procession was formed and 
marched to the theater, where there were about one hun- 
dred fifty persons, of both sexes, assembled. The meeting 
being called to order. Grand Master Davis delivered a fine 
address of welcome, to which I replied, followed by Judges 
Bean and Walton. I found that the members here were 
alive to the work, which shows that the Grand Master 
Workman is out among them with his good cheer. I 
believe that a fine Lodge will grow out of the work of this 
day. This is a nice little city of two thousand inhabitants, 
having two banks, four churches, and a State University. 


September 4 Brother Davis and myself took the train 
for Salem, reaching that city at half past one o'clock, p. m. 
A Committee of Reception was waiting with a carriage at 
the depot. After entering the carriage we proceeded a few 
squares, to where the Lodge was drawn up in line, with a 
band, and we were escorted to Lafayette Park, there being 

168 Life of Father Upchurch. 

four or five hundred persons present. The meeting was 
called to order, and the address of welcome was delivered 
by Dr. C. H. Hall in a very able manner. On being intro- 
duced, I addressed the audience for three-quarters of an 
hour, trying to convince them that our Order was the Order 
for the people, its beneficiary features the cheapest and best 
of all the many organizations that have taken pattern after 
us. Grand Master Davis then followed in a very instruct- 
ive as well as entertaining address, pointing out to them the 
great importance of securing to their loved ones two thou- 
sand dollars, the amount guaranteed to the widow and 
orphans of any deceased member. Between each speech 
there was fine music rendered by the band. The audience 
seemed to be well pleased, judging from the repeated 
applause, and some of them asked to be proposed for 
membership in the Order at once. On leaving the park, 
others expressed themselves as being well pleased with the 
meeting. The audience being dismissed, we were driven 
through the town. It is a very nice little city, with numer- 
ous fine buildings, consisting of the State House, Court 
House, prison, and insane asylum, with the largest grist- 
mill in the State. At certain seasons of the year the 
stream is navigable to small steamers up to this point. It 
is a fine agricultural district. I stopped at a hotel whose 
name I failed to get. This is a city of some five thousand 
inhabitants, and business is very good, excepting at the 
hotel where I stopped. 

September 5 took the train for Portland at a quarter to 
seven o'clock, a. m. Went about seven miles and found a 
woodpile on either side of the track on fire, the ties being 
burned and rails twisted up for a hundred yards. We 
backed up to Salem, having to lie there until half past two 

Leaving Oregon. 169 

O'clock, p. M. I expected to take the afternoon train on 
the Northern Pacific, for Montana, but being too late, I had 
to lie over. Reached Portland at half past four o'clock, 
and stopped at the Oilman House. I called on Dr. Child 
on the morning of the 6th. The Doctor was twenty dollars 
short in purchasing a ticket to St. Louis, which I furnished. 
I was much disappointed in Oregon. Some of the previous 
officers have certainly misled the people, but I believe that a 
great many see their error, and will erelong go to work 
with renewed energy. There are some who are doing all 
they possibly can to get up an interest among the members; 
and when that is accomplished, the Order will become a 
grand and prosperous organization. 


September 6 went to the ticket office and ferry-boat 
alone. Took the train at East Portland, striking the Co- 
lumbia about five o'clock, p. m., and followed its southern 
bank, seeing some five or six rock pyramids, about twenty- 
five feet high and about seven feet across at the base, run- 
ning up to a point. The train stopped fifteen minutes to 
give passengers a view of Multnomah Falls, which are eight 
hundred and fifty feet high, falling over an almost perpen- 
dicular rock. The stream is small, and the water falls into 
a basin. From here it has another fall of about thirty feet. 
There is a bridge across the gorge about three hundred 
feet high,' from which a grand view of the falls can be had. 
Took supper at Bannerville. Here are the cascades of the 
Columbia. The river is full of rocks, but deep; many 
persons have lost their lives by attempting to cross the 
stream in boats. At Cascade Falls, a ship canal and locks 
arc being built by the Government. Those works are under 
the charge of a son of Brigham Young. He is a graduate 

170 Life of Father Upchurch. 

of West Point, and employs Mormons almost exclusively. 
I was told that if a Mormon applies for work, a Gentile is 
sure to be dismissed, if there is no other plan. 


At The Dalles I got off the train, where a number of 
members were in waiting to see me and shake my hand. 
All seemed to regret very much that I could not stop over 
and speak to them, they having made arrangements to give 
me a reception, and show me the surrounding country. 

September 7, in the morning, saw nothing but a vast desert 
with ledges of black rock capped with snow. Eight o'clock 
saw a few cabins, with some dismal-looking horses on the 
prairies. Ritzville lies on the open prairie, having two ho- 
tels, land office, church, and several stores. Some land is 
in cultivation. A few miles east of Ritzville, is Sprague 
Lake, a fine sheet of water, with a number of small islands. 
The lake is five miles long and from a half to three -fourths 
of a mile wide. There are fine fish and fowl in this lake. 
Along its outlet are cottonwood and willow timber, with 
some few ranches upon its banks. The town of Sprague is 
a nice little place of about twelve hundred inhabitants, 
having a good hotel and several business houses. John 
Robinson had his show bills up for the loth of September. 
There are a number of saloons, four churches, a band, and 
a fine depot. An attempt is being made to have a city 

Cheney is a pretty little town of twelve or fifteen hun- 
dred inhabitants, and is said to be quite a business place. 
It has a number of good buildings, and is situated among 
the scrub pines, with two medical springs a short distance 
from the place. There is some fine wheat land. I saw 

At Helena, Montana. 171 

some wheat that was five feet high and was told it would 
average thirty-seven bushels per acre. 

Spokane Falls is considerable of a town, said to have 
some sixteen hundred inhabitants. The falls are not in 
view of the railroad. It has some large buildings of brick, 
a steam flouring-mill, and a railroad repair shop. 


Pend d'Oreille Lake, Idaho, is a fine sheet of w^ater, 
ninety-one miles long and fifty miles, at some points, across. 
At Sand Point there is a pretty fair depot. Here I saw 
eight or ten Indians dressed in fancy colors. There are 
only six families in the town; and I suppose they wish they 
were somewhere else. Saw a great many ducks, geese, and 
swans on the lake. Here we struck the Rocky Mountain 
Range, about one thousand feet high. 

Hereon is a little town w^ith one hotel, called the Mount- 
ain House, a fair depot, and a number of small box houses, 
I think the Chinaman has the majority here. The mount- 
ains loom up all around this place, some of them from ten 
thousand to twelve thousand feet high. 


September 8 I arrived at Helena, Montana, at eight 
o'clock, A. M. A Committee of Reception was in waiting, 
composed of Past Grand Master Workman Kinsley, Grand 
Master Workman Sullivan, and others; also a company of 
Select Knights on horseback, who escorted me to the Grand 
Central Hotel. Here I met and shook the hands of a great 
manv members and friends of the Order. 

[From the Daily Independent, Helena, Mont.] 

"Yesterday was a gala day with the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen of this city. There was a grand parade, 

172 Life of Father Upchurck. 

and a most cordial reception extended to J. J, Upchurch, 
the founder of the Order. 

"The distinguished visitor arrived on train No. 2, yes- 
terday morning, and was escorted to his hotel by a large 
delegation of Select Knights, under command of Com- 
mander Evans. 

"At ten o'clock a special session of the Grand Lodge 
was held at the hall of Capitol Lodge, No. 2, when the 
Grand Lodge degree was conferred by the following, James 
Sullivan, Grand Master Workman, presiding: Past Supreme 
Master J. J. Upchurch, as Past Grand Master Workman; 
Past Grand Master Workman J. W\ Kinsley, as Grand 
Lecturer; Past Grand Master Workman W. M. BuUard, as 
Grand Recorder; Deputy Grand Master Workman H. C. 
Yeager, as Grand P'oreman ; Past Grand Master Workman 
J. A. McDonald, as Grand Overseer ; Past Grand Master 
Workman Wm. Zeastrow, as Grand Receiver; District 
Deputy Grand Master AVorkman J. D. Conrad, as Grand 
Guide; Past Master Workman J. McKilligen, as Grand 
Watchman. The following received the degree : Messrs. 
Mann and Duff, of No. 2; Dickenson and Hartman, of 
No. 3; Riggs and Taylor, of No. 4; Coss, of No. 19; and 
Kirby, of No. 31. 

" At two o'clock a procession was formed in the following 
order: Police — Chief Marshal, H. C. Yeager; Aids, 
John Bunton, G. White, William Hudnall, H. W. Child, 
Anton Kootz, G. W. Gibbs, S. H. Cromroe, J. H. Mc- 
Dougald, S. Duff, John Moffit, A. E. Bunker, O. C. Bis- 
sonette, W. R. McComas, A. J. Seligman, and W. Lorey; 
band; Select Knights, mounted; Visiting Lodges of Ancient 
Order of United Workmen; Protectioi> Lodge, No. 15, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen ; Capitol Lodge, No. 2, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen ; carriages with body 
guard of Select Knights, containing Past Supreme Master 
Workman J. J. Upchurch, Grand Master Workman James 
Sullivan, Past Grand Master Workmen J. W. Kinsley, and 
W. M. Bullard. 

" There were about three hundred Workmen in line, and 
many were the expressions of praise heard of their fine 
appearance and discipline. 

Address of J. W. Kinsley. 173 

"The column arrived at the Opera House at half past 
two o'clock, where the following exercises took place : — 

" Past Grand Master Workman W. M. BuHard, presiding, 
introduced the first speaker, Supreme Representative J. W. 
Kinsley, who spoke as follows : — 

address of j. w. kinsley. 

"'Mr. Chairman, Ladies, Brother Workmen, and 
Friends: The duty assigned to me on this occasion is one 
inost pleasing. We are not here to celebrate an ordinary 
event. We are here to do honor to one whose name and 
work have already been made famous, and one whom future 
generations will no less love to honor than we, his present 
followers, brethren, and admirers. 

" ' Americans will never forget their Washington, and so 
long as the stars and stripes float on the breeze, the names 
of Lincoln and Grant will be spoken with reverence and 

" ' Wherever Masons flourish, whether on this continent 
or abroad, they will continue to impress upon their initiates 
the sterling qualities of, and urge them to imitate in, their 
daily life the virtues of their patron, St. John the Baptist, 
and the evangelist. 

" ' Odd Fellowship will never tire of paying fitting tribute 
to the memory of Wildey, and so on I might continue 
through a long list of mighty nations and benevolent asso- 
ciations, and enumerate scores of men, who, by their deeds 
and works, have endeared themselves to their followers. 

" ' I do not approve of man w^orship; I do not relish ex- 
cessive gush and extravagant praises; but there are men 
whose acts in behalf of humanity have singled them out as 
public benefactors, and of whom the poet writes as asking 
no higher sounding tides, no greater honors than to be truly 
classed "as those who love their fellow-men;" and when 
the name of such a one is spoken, or his deeds rehearsed, 
I am only too willing to join the throng in rendering that 
praise and honor their characters warrant. 

" ' Why are we here, brother Workmen ? "What occasion 
has drawn together this large assemblage? Why these 

174 Life of Father Upchurch. 

smiling faces and warm hearts, with welcome expressed 
upon every countenance ? This is indeed one grand wel- 
come, and to whom? It is a Montana welcome to our 
own dear Father Upchurch. 

" ' Seventeen years ago, in the city of Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, a little body of men were called together, and 
then and there, from the mind and hands of this venerable 
gentleman, the Ancient Order of United Workmen was 
inaugurated. The insignificant number of thirteen em- 
braced the entire membership for that day. The plan 
there adopted, the principles there enunciated, and the 
bonds there consummated, had been maturely considered 
and carefully analyzed by our distinguished guest, for 
months, and it required just the elements of character he 
possessed, and the determination his will furnished, to set 
in motion a work that has to-day far exceeded his most 
sanguine expectations, and has developed into an Order 
that takes its place most deservedly with the grandest of the 

" ' From that small beginning, like the trickling stream 
on yonder Rockies, it has grown and expanded, until to-day, 
like a mighty river, it has assumed mammoth proportions, 
and contains within its fold one hundred and fifty thousand 
good and true men, and in all reasonable probability will, 
ere another seventeen years roll by, number not less than 
half a million members. 

" ' The Ancient Order of United Workmen seeks not to 
gratify curiosity by mystical parade or ceremonies ; it seeks 
not to draw within its fold seekers after light amusement or 
triflers of any grade. Its objects are well defined, its work 
can easily be described, and its record is that of performing 
all its promises, and that, too, with promptness and in the 
spirit of fraternity and true brotherhood. When 1 tell you 
that within the short time this organization has existed it 
has paid to the widows, orphans, and legatees of six thou- 
sand of our deceased brethren, twelve million dollars, and 
over one million dollars to our brethren for sick benefits, I 
state facts that are borne out by our records. When I state 
to you that our membership is now scattered throughout 

Address of J. W. Kinsley. 175 

every State and Territory of this Union, and also in the 
Canadas, and that in every city, town, and hamlet therein, 
faitliful men, actuated by the same noble sentiments, by the 
noble attributes inculcated by this patriarch, and engaged 
in the work he first organized, I state that which is known 
to every Workman present. 

" ' What more appropriate occasion for rejoicing and praise? 
What so fitting as this demonstration at this time? Why, 
my brothers, we have right here with us upon this rostrum, 
in your very presence and within the sound of our voices, 
our dear old Father Upchurch. We have here with us our 
grand old founder, to whom we and those dependent upon 
us are indebted for the privileges w^e enjoy of being Work- 
men. Why should we withhold our sentiments of welcome, 
'of praise, of admiration, to this Abou Ben Adhem, of the 
nineteenth century; this man whom the Almighty Father of 
the universe has made the humble instrumentality by which 
one of his noblest works for the amelioration of human 
suffering was given to us ? Why should we restrain our- 
selves when the opportunity is afforded us of paying fitting 
homage to one whose philanthropic heart beat with restless 
emotions, until he had overcome all difficulties and matured 
a plan to dry the tears of the widow and the orphan; to 
provide for them without the intervention of charity; to set 
in motion an agency for good whose full w^ork and its results 
can never be known until the last great day of accounting 
comes, when there will be written in letters of sparkling 
brightness over the archways of that celestial kingdom 
where are arranged the record of our world's greatest and 
best of men, that of J. J. Upchurch. 

" ' No, my brethren, we need offer no apologies for our 
words or actions in the cordial welcome to-day. Spare not 
the English language, Grand Master AVorkmen, in your 
words of welcome to our honored guest. This is our day; 
this is an event in our history which can never be repeated. 
The dread destroyer is abroad in our land, and even though 
our dear old brother may be spared for many years to come, 
yet it is not within the range of possibilities that all of 
us who to-day are enjoying the pleasures of this grand ova- 

176 Life of Father Upchurch. 

tion, will ever meet here again; hence I say, Pull the valve 
clear open; let all heartily unite; let all restraint be gone, 
and with one accord enjoy this reunion and show our illus- 
trious founder that we here in the mountains of Montana, 
have caught the inspiration; that we have interpreted his 
meaning correctly; that we are Workmen full-fledged, and 
that the interests confided to our keeping here are in safe 

" ' Grand Master Workmen, my task v;ill be ended now, 
when I formally present to you, and through you to the 
brethren of Montana, our honored Father and Founder, 
Brother J. J. Upchurch.' 

" Hon. James Sullivan, Grand Master Workman of this 
Jurisdiction, responded as follows: — 

" ' Mr. Chairman, Ladies, and Brethren: This is in- 
deed a momentous occasion. This vast assemblage, gath- 
ered from our mountains and plains, from our mines and 
plowshares, from the various portions of our Territory, and 
in this presence, is one few of us ever expected to witness 
and enjoy. 

'' 'The sounds of booming cannon and tolling bells have 
hardly died away, which demonstration betokened the de- 
parture of one of our country's noblest and bravest heroes. 
That event caused a nation to mourn, and in every city, 
town, and hamlet, patriots assembled to do homage to the 
memory of the departed. 

" ' It has been truly said that there are occasions when it 
is meet for nations and communities to assemble and pay 
fitting tribute to merit and true worth. How eminently 
proper it is, my brothers, that we have congregated here to- 
day! How happily can we contrast our situation with that 
of our countrymen of a few weeks since! 

" 'We are here to do homage to our living; one not hon- 
ored with the title of a conquering hero on fields of bat- 
tle, but one who has been worthily crowned with the 
glorious mantle of originating a plan that has contributed so 
much toward conquering the twin monsters — poverty and 

Address of James Sullivan. 177 

degradation; one who by his persistence has matured a 
plan that has driven want and distress from six thousand 
firesides, and erected in their place the standard of hope 
and protection. 

" ' As Grand Master AVorkman of this Jurisdiction, and 
on its behalf, it becomes my province and pleasure to ex- 
tend the hand of hearty welcome to our honored and 
revered Brother Upchurch. 

'"It has been said that a pebble thrown into the tide 
affects all the water in the ocean. The small mountain 
stream is the source of a mighty river; from the smallest 
spark is kindled the sweeping conflagration; and a single 
idea evolved from the mind of the most lowly, frequently 
permeates and astonishes the world. 

" •' I do not suppose that the venerable founder of our 
glorious Order, who to-day is the guest of the Montana 
Workmen, ever imagined that his beneficent system of 
fraternity would grow to the magnificent proportions that it 
has attained; and that seventeen years from the time the 
first Lodge of United Workmen was organized, he would be 
the honored subject of a reception from his children among 
the mountains of this far West. 

'• ' From the hills of Pennsylvania the Order and the fame 
of its founder have spread with a growth unparalleled, until 
to-day, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, it enfolds with its 
fraternal blessings the representatives of every walk in life. 

" ' The laborer of the East in all its diversity joins the 
brother laborer of the West, and the anchor and shield in- 
spire alike the Workman at the spindles of New England, 
the toiler in the cereal fields of Ohio, the farmer on the 
wide acres of the Mississippi Valley, and the hopeful miner 
of these mountains and on the Pacific slope. 

'"The benefits of brotherly affiliation and solicitude in- 
crease the joys of a thousand homes and change the tears 
of widowhood to the hopeful assurance of security from 
pressing want. 

" ' The term Fraternity, in its true and full sense, compre- 
hends more than mere forms and ceremonies. It means 
the generous protecting arms of the many and the strong 


178 Life of Father Upchurch. 

about the weak and needy. It means fewer outcasts and 
paupers and more of civilization and progress. Show me a 
community where fraternal societies flourish, and I will 
challenge you to find crowded poor-houses or jails. Who 
ever heard of a member of a society of this class being car- 
ried " over the hills to the poor-house"? Who ever heard 
of a deceased member being buried in the potter's field or a 
pauper's grave ? 

" ' Search our penal institutions for faithful members of 
our organizations, and you do so in vain. Therefore, I say 
to yoUj fellow-citizens, of all grades and classes, never go 
upon record, either by word or deed, as placing any obstacle 
in the way of progress of fraternal societies. Rather let 
your influence and example tend to increase their strength 
and usefulness, and thus assist them in their noble work. 
Do not allow yourselves to be deceived as to the objects 
and aims of these societies. They are substantially alike, 
and when I quote to you a brief extract from the preamble 
of the organization, I outline to you the general work of 
fraternities. It runs thus: — 

"'Omitting all references to nationality, political opin- 
ions, or denominational distinction or preferences, but be- 
lieving in the existence of a God, the Creator and Preserver 
of the universe, and recognizing as a fundamental prin- 
ciple of our Order, that usefulness to ourselves and others is 
a duty which should be the constant aim and care of all; to 
embrace and give protection to all classes of all kinds of 
labor, mental and physical; to strive earnestly to improve 
the moral, intellectual, and social condition of its members; 
to endeavor by moral precepts, fratersal admonitions, and 
substantial aid, to inspire a due appreciation of the stern 
realities and responsibilities of life, — these are the funda- 
mental principles as taught and inculcated by the Order 
which you originated. 

" ' In behalf of this Jurisdiction, greater in area than any 
other, in age but an infant; in behalf of these Workmen, 
your followers, toiling with strong arms and noble hearts, 
nerved and supported by fraternal assurance; in behalf of 
the homes which they represent, in valley or in mountain 

Address of James Sullivan. 179 

glen — I extend to you, Brother Upchurch, father and founder 
of our Order, the heartiest welcome which feeble language 
can express. 

"'We meet here as strangers by kin, but as brothers by 
honored ties. So many thoughts and hopes are common, 
so many impulses and aspirations, the same in character, 
move our hearts, that a formal introduction immediately 
^rows into an intimate acquaintanceship, and adopting, to- 
day, the characteristic friendship imposed by the ritual, 
which you yourself formulated, which calls all to a common 
level, the rich from his mansion, the poor from his cottage, 
we cast aside all formalities existing between strangers, and 
welcome you to our hearts and homes. 

"'You have traveled over our Jurisdiction, and have 
observed its magnitude, and are familiar with the progress 
we have made in so short a time. 

" ' You have probably been reminded that rare plants 
sometimes grow in obscure places; that flowers are bloom- 
ing near snow-banks, and in rugged fastnesses of desolate 
mountains, forever unseen, except by the prospector or 
Imnter. So the Workmen among the sage brush and the 
mountain-tops present to you a Jurisdiction permeated by 
the same zeal, the same philanthrophy and charity, which 
actuated you, its original founder. 

" ' We are reminded to-day by your work, life, and char- 
acter, that all the elements of true manhood are not 
furnished by accident of birth, nor by advantages of educa- 
tion, nor even by social position. And it is, perhaps, 
fortunate that a discriminating public can and do place 
their own estimate upon many of our would-be leaders of 
society, who, having little else to stand upon, saving their 
assurance and conceit, the bare semblance of worth that 
wealth gives them, are too ready to forget their early past; 
that others, perhaps quite as deserving as they, are strug- 
gling to cover the ground which they have just compassed; 
that there is still undeveloped talent only waiting the op- 
portune turn in the wheel of fortune to shine forth, that 
may be more brilliant than theirs. 

<* * Thank God, there are true and noble men standing 

180 Life of Father tJpcHURCil. 

along the pathway of history, who were neither kings nor 
warriors, nor blue-blooded aristocrats. i\nd so long as the 
world can point to a village Hampden, the master-spirit of 
a more liberal government; a Hugh Miller, the stone-cutter, 
v/ho, while at his work, composed that masterpiece of 
English literature and science, "Foot-prints of the Creator;" 
so long as history records the fact that the great philosopher 
and statesman, Benjamin Franklin, arose from the humble 
caUing of a printer; Henry Wilson, once a shoemaker, and 
late Vice-President of these United States; so long as a 
Webst T or a Clay lives in the annals of the lowly great, 
so long will the humble strive, and the world lay its laurels 
at the feet of true merit. 

"'You belfold in this Western branch of your family a 
band of noble Workmen, living for the highest manly 
qualities. By the very conditions of our Western life and 
rushing enterprise, our society considers not rank nor pedi- 
gree, but recognizes the development of manliness, which 
it is ever ready to commend and reward. 

"'We are all toilers; we are workmen engaged in the 
conquest of nature. Mountains yield to our bidding, and 
pour forth their treasures without stint, and the fruits of a 
permanent civilization are already ripening as the result of 
our industry. 

" ' It must, indeed, be a source of personal satisfaction 
to you, in this your Western pilgrimage, to know that even 
here your work has erected monuments which can never be 
effaced. The rich heritage of our present civilization is 
the product of innumerable minds and hands. In most 
cases their possessors are unknown and forgotten, and it is 
very seldom that from the ruins of oblivion history rescues 
an idea, a system of laws, or an institution with the name 
and character of the originator. 

" ' The waters of mighty rivers are mingled in a common 
ocean, and in no way, however sparkling, can their identity 
be traced. On Egyptian plains were built pyramids in 
commemoration of kings, and mounds of earth remain, to- 
gether with only a shadow of tradition of those who reared 
them. But with you, honored sir, responding to the neces- 

Address of James Sullivan. 181 

sities of an advanced civilization, with motives the purest 
and the best, you have inaugurated a system whose in- 
creasing growth assures its everlasting, permanency, and 
which will need no printed page to preserve the history of 
its purposes or the name of its founder. In six thousand 
h.omes, preserved and cheered; in thousands of hearts com- 
forted; in innumerable lives freed from despondency and 
despair, strengthened by kind words and fraternal hopes, 
will be perpetually engrafted the purposes, history, and ex- 
emplification of our Order. 

" ' In looking out upon the audience to-day, representing 
so many homes our Order is protecting, composed of so 
many who will sooner or later become the natural bene- 
ficiaries of the great work in which we are engaged, the 
grandeur of our system is so impressed upon our minds that 
the contemplation of possible results already compensates 
us for the time and money invested; and the present satis- 
faction of being but an humble factor in so grent an in- 
stitution, is to us a full dividend from the standpoint of 
duty, and the satisfaction of doing unto others as we would 
that they should do unto us. 

" ' Our work in this Jurisdiction is but begun, and should 
your life be spared to return to us, even though your hair 
be more silvered by the work of time, and with enfeebled 
step you may come, you will always find the term "Mon- 
tana Workman," to mean a warm fraternal heart, beating 
within the breast of an honest man, with all that the terms 
imply, and by whom you will then, as now, be cordially 

" ' I cannot let this opportunity pass, my brothers, with- 
out saying a few words to you, suggested by this occasion. 
The proud position which the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen occupies to-day in the ranks of great organiza- 
tions, is due to earnest, faithful, and persistent work, and to 
maintain its present standard, and raise it to even grander 
proportions, should prompt every one of you to increased 
zeal and fidelity to the interests confided to your care. It 
1*5 not sufficient to promise faithfully to perform an act, and 
then evade its burdens; nor that you have induced others, 

182 Life of Father Upchurch. 

either by personal solicitation or by example, to become 
members of our Order, the meetings of which you seldom 
attend, and of whicli you know but little, except by hear:5ay. 
Can you reconcile such conduct to the duty you owe to 
your family and loved ones? 

"'Your connection with this organization, which agrees 
to pay over to your dependents the sum of two thousand 
dollars, has led them to believe that the fear of destitution, 
which might stare them in the face were you taken from 
them, is no longer visible; that you have made a sure pro- 
vision for them. Yet you would trifle with their dearest 
expectations; you peril their interests; you deliberately de- 
ceive them, when you unnecessarily and wantonly neglect 
to pay your assessments promptly when called upon, or 
refuse to bear your share of the burden attendant upon the 
proper working of your Lodge. Pardon me, my brothers, 
if too severe; but I plead in the interest of those you should 
love, and are bound by the strongest human ties to protect, 
and I should be doing less than my duty in the position 
which I now occupy, were I to do less than call your care- 
ful attention to this matter thus forcibly. 

" ' If you will but study and live up to your obligations, 
you will find that the light of true fellowship which this 
organization so generously teaches has been a beacon to 
many a brother tempted to wander from the paths of virtue 
and integrity. It has shed a friendly ray of hope upon 
thousands who might otherwise have drifted upon the rocks 
of adversity. It has shone with unparalleled effulgence 
upon the sorrowing widows and orphaned babes, and it will 
gleam in the hearts of the bereft and unfortunate of its fold 
until, like a glittering gas-jet, eclipsed by the more dazzling 
rays of an electric spark, it is lost in the glories of the land 
that is fairer than day, where the billows of adversity roll 
no more, and the storm of life is succeeded by a holy calm, 
to endure through the boundless expanse of eternity.' 

" Father Upchurch then responded most feelingly, giving 
free expression to his appreciation of the cordial welcome 
extended him, and in the course of his remarks gave evi- 
dence of the earnestness and zeal with which his efforts in 

Poem. ^ 183 

behalf of /lis Order have been exerted. His remarks were 
frequently and heartily applauded. 

"John W. Eddy, Past Master of Protection Lodge, then 
read the following 


When wisdom once had formed a plan 

Of vast concern, she saw 
The need of one intrepid man 

To execute her law, 

And so began a weary round, 

Determined she would find 
Somewhere a man whose qualities 

Were suited to her mind. 

And long she went her patient rounds 

In eager, anxious search, 
Nor rested till at last she found 

Our honored friend Upchurch. 

AVhen he was found the work was done, 

And now, from far and near, 
The voices of his loving ones 

He may distinctly hear; 

The voices of the friends who stand 

United, strong, and true. 
And shed a luster on the land — 

A. O. U. W. 


We're the Keystone State of the Union, 
Where you in your manhood's prime 
Established fraternal communion, 
To grow through all coming time. 
In love we address you, 
And all say, God bless you, 
Again and again, 
Amen and amen ! 

184 Life of Father Upchurch. 


And we are the Buckeye State, 
The second in point of age, 
In honor the second, 
Where honor is reckoned 
As an earthly heritage. 
But you'll find us as true 
As the heavens are blue, 
When the Master's final award is made. 
When the Workmen's wages at last are paid. 


And we are Kentucky. 

If not large, we're lucky 
To be counted worthy to stand 

'Mong the true and the good 

Of our grand brotherhood. 
That surely is blessing the land. 

We're third in the line, 

And loyal and trustful and true. 

We gratefully twine 

The laurel and myrtle for you. 


Kind fortune we thank, 
That we're fourth in the rank 

Of age in this glorious Order. 
We're small, but we know 
If we live, we shall grow, 

And lengthen and strengthen our border. 
Though sometimes he is tardy, 
A Hoosier is hardy. 

And stays like a November snow. 

Poem. 185 


We are from Iowa, 

And you'll never know a 
More staunch Lodge of brothers than ours. 

To be sure, the restrictions 

Placed on Jurisdictions 
We thought were curtailing our powers, 

And made us rebel ; 

But now, joy to tell, 
We're back 'mong the bowers and flowers, 

And will never more trouble you, 

Nor the A. O. U. W., 
While it shall protect us and ours. 


We're the Empire State, 

Magnificent and great, 
And the largest beneficiary known; 

And we're proud to be the guest 

Of this Empire of the West, 
For its grandeur soon will quite eclipse our own. 

And from all the good and true 

Here is royal homage due 
To the venerable founder of our clan; 

And we bring it now to you, 

And we ask the world to view 
And appreciate this kingly-hearted man. 


We're the State of Illinois, 

And the third in point of size ; 
And our fifteen thousand boys 

May the country yet surprise, 
For we've set our aims as high 

As our purposes are good ; 
And to stand the first will try, 

In our noble brotherhood. 

186 Life of Father Upchurch. 


Like our mighty flowing river, 

We are following along 
In a restless, growing column 

Fully fourteen thousand strong! 
Not alone the great Missouri 

Is all worthy of our theme, 
For our Brooks has won the honor- 
Master Workman now Supreme. 
And at last, our honored father, 

You have sought our prairie West, 
And within our Jurisdiction 

Found a peaceful home and rest. 
And we trust you'll never leave us 

Till the day of life expire. 
And you hear our all-wise Master 

Saying, " Brother, come up higher." 


And we are Minnesota; 
Though we are a mere iota. 

In the aggregate display, 
We hope next year to meet you 
In our own State, and to greet you 

With an excellent array 
Of names of added brothers, 
Till our Lodge vies with the others, 

In the foremost rank to-day. 


And we are Wisconsin, 

With our hopes set high, 
That we may rank proudly 

In the sweet by and by. 
Our Lodge is as loyal. 

And as fondly true. 
As flowers are fragrant 

That we bring to you. 

Poem. 187 


We are from the home of Frizzell 

In the good State of Tennessee, 
And we've not a good story to tell 
For a people as thrifty as we. 
We've been unlucky, 
But still we're plucky, 
And bound to make the future see 
Our Order thrive in Tennessee. 


If you want to be rich again, 

Just come to Michigan ! 
Where the Order is healthy and strong, 

And there you will find 

The very best kind 
Of spirits around you will throng. 

There is Baxter, whom you know 

Dealt the rebels such a blow 
As brought them in a hurry into place; 

And come whene'er you may, 

We will celebrate the day 
When you come to look our brothers in the face. 


The sun lights the East till the hill-tops are burning, 

But ever delights in his haunt of the West, 
And always again in his journey returning, 

He leaves his last smile on the land he loves best. 
Down in the Golden State, 
Through her bright " Golden Gate," 
Shines the pure light of the Order we love. 
And may it ever grow. 
Till by its heavenly glow 
We all at last may know 
Charity, Hope, and Protection above. 

188 Life of Father Upchurch. 

From the Golden State we hear 
Voices of the gladdest cheer, 
And from all in fond acclaim 
Blessings on your honored name. 


North and South Carolina 

And Georgi.a on the coast, 
Florida and Alabama, 

The happy Southron's boast, 
And Mississippi added — 

All these together are 
The smallest Jurisdiction 

In the Order now by far ! 
Our gratulations are as true 

And hearty as the others; 
We never mean to be outdone 

As loyal Workman brothers ! 


Ivansas is prosperous and health)^, 
Becoming prominent and wealthy; 

Jayhawkers and Bushwhackers, 
And the ruffians of the border, 

Have sunken into shadows 

In the pure light of our Order. 
For the bow of freedom spans us. 
And the peace of Heaven fans us, 
And the love of country mans us. 
On the fertile plains of Kansas. 


We're Englishmen from foreign soil, 
And wary O, and chary O, — 

United brothers, sons of toil, 
From Province of Ontario, 

Poem. 189 

Will drop our aitches, doff our hats, 

Endeavoring, if we can, 
To make all pride of name or birth 

Merge in the brother man. 


We're Oregon and Washington, 

Nevada's jealous neighbor, 
Two years ago just twice her size; 
But now, despite our labor, 
She's grown to be 
As large as we, 
^ . Our lively, lovely neighbor! 
'^^od bless her, and God bless us all. 
The good of one is joy for all. 


And we are the Yankees, 
But just where our rank is, 

It might be hard to show. 
We're always bound to shine 
• In the transcendental line. 

And that all people know. 
We're good at making shoes, 

And at making shoe-pegs; 
And its nuts for anybody 

To crack our nutmegs! 
We've always been original 

As the aboriginee, 
And doubtless from the Indians got 

Our ingenuity. 
If you don't believe we've got it, 

Just inquire of Doherty ! 

190 Life of Father Upchurch. 

New Jersey on the coast, 

And diamond Delaware, 
A Jurisdiction make, 

With Maryland, the fair. 
From the shore of the Atlantic 

Westward evermore 
O'er the continent gigantic 

To Pacific shore, 
With a history romantic 

Never known before, 
Our Order that you founded 

Has spread from shore to shore. 
Her ^gis now is honored 

The whole wide country o'er. 

Hard luck, no doubt, will often vex us, 
And well we say it may vex Texas; 
Three years ago we felt quite thrifty 
With our eighteen hundred and fifty, 
And we're certain we could now send 
Names of more than our two thousand! 
But alas ! Time's a deceiver! 
What, with all our yellow fever 
And the trouble that came to us, 
Threatening sometimes to undo us. 
We've done very well, we're thinking. 
That we saved ourselves from sinking. 
Our Order yet may notice Texas 
Standing where she least expects us. 
Though fates may frown, we will not mind them; 
Darkest clouds have light behind them. 


And we are from Nevada, 
Than which you never had a 

Poem. 191 

Fairer, brighter jewel in your sparkling crown. 
Our motto is still onward, 
And onward still and sunward; 
And we'll add a gleam of splendor and renown 
To the name we love the most 
'Mong the loyal Workman's host. 
Four Territories and a State 

In this inter-mountain land, 
Make one Jurisdiction great, 

Which forevermore shall stand 
As a bulwark to the right, 

As a barrier to wrong. 
And make living a delight. 

And its end a crown and son<]^. 


We're the baby Jurisdiction, 

Born not quite a year ago, 

Colorado, Arizona, added to New Mexico, 
Have so soon a Grand Lodge gathered 

That beholders all have wondered, 
For in their babyhood they count 

Two thousand and five hundred. 
O father of us all! we bring 

One voice from all these brothers. 
May God reward you with the good 

That you've conferred on others ! 

" On the conclusion of the poem, Dr. C. K. Cole gave 
some very interesting statistics, showing the date of organi- 
zation, and progress made by the Order in this Jurisdiction, 
which wound up as follows: — 

" ' Last year we paid to the beneficiaries of our Jurisdiction 
twenty -eight thousand dollars. From the date of the insti- 
tution of Alpha Lodge, No. i, at Eureka, to the present 
time, we have, in this inter-mountain section alone, paid 
out to similar persons over one hundred thousand dollars; 
while our Order at large paid out something over two million 

192 Life of Father Upchurch. 

dollars last year alone, and, as has been stated, our total 
payments of this character exceeded thirteen million. And 
now, my brethren, in conclusion, let me admonish you per- 
sonally, to a continued fidelity to our beloved Order. May 
you be protected by the Watchman on high, who never 
slumbers. May you be directed by that Guide who will 
lead you in paths of rectitude and honor. May your ac- 
count with the Great Financier always show you to be square 
on the books. May the Receiver always have a score of 
noble deeds to your credit. May the Recorder inscribe on 
the pages of your history, many, many valiant deeds of 
charity and protection. Let the Great Overseer see you are 
well instructed in the tenets of our Order. Constitute 
yourselves each a Foreman in all acts of love and kindness, 
and finally become Master Workman in that best and truest 
sense, excelling m all that goes to make true men and 
useful members of society.' 

"In conclusion, the following letter was received and 
read: — 

"'Ogden City, Utah, September 5, 1885. 
"'W. M. BuLLARD, Chairman Upchurch Reception Com- 
mittee — Dear Sir ajid Brother: All of us watch with deep 
interest the arrangements for the reception of Brother Past 
Grand Master Workman J. J. Upchurch, in your city, by ye 
Workmen of ye North, with the foreknowledge that the last 
'' grand wind-up " by your father of his children on the Pa- 
cific slope, will not be excelled by any similar event in the 
history of our Order, and could not be equaled outside of 
the limits of this Jurisdiction. 

'"Fraternally yours in C, H., and P., 

D. Thornburn, Gra?id Recorder.^ " 

The meeting then dispersed, I being escorted to the hotel 
by the Select Knights, headed by a band. A number of 
brothers came thirty miles in wagons — one brother coming 
one hundred and seventeen miles especially to attend this 
meetino;. We were invited to visit the theater in the even- 

He Views the City. 193 

ing, which we did. At ten o'clock we visited the grand ball 
given in honor of the occasion. In the evening I was in- 
troduced to Thomas Powers, the largest stock-raiser in the 
Territory. He stated that he had always been opposed to 
secret societies, but something told him to go to the Opera 
House that afternoon; he must confess that I captured him 
on the first charge. He thought it was the grandest insti- 
tution known, and was calculated to do the greatest amount 
of good. 

I presented Alta Lodge, No. 4, and Union Lodge, No. 3, 
with a large-sized lithograph of myself, to hang in their 

September 9 Brother Burns called with a buggy for me; 
we drove around town. There are many fine, substantial 
buildings, with a United States Assayer's office, churches, 
schools, etc. We stopped at the residence of Brother 
Burns, where he presented me with a fine specimen of gold 
quartz; also his estimable lady presented me with some fine 
nuggets of gold to have bosom studs made of. 

Grand Master Sullivan then came up, and we drove out 
to the Hot Springs, a nice place of resort. I took a warm 
bath. In the evening a number of brothers met in my room, 
and presented me with seventy dollars. 

I was much astonished at my reception in this city, to see 
so much interest taken in the Order. They are full of fra- 
ternity, nothing being too great for them to do for the ad- 
vancement of the principles of our beloved Order. The 
people of this Jurisdiction certainly descended from the same 
stock I found in California. The remembrance of the kind- 
ness received at the hands of the brothers here, will be ever 
held in remembrance. 


194 Life of Father Qpchurch. 

on the way home. 

September lo, in the morning, I was accompanied to the 
depot by Past Grand Master Workman J. W. Kinsley, Grand 
Master Workman James Sullivan, and Brother Burns. I 
bade farewell to the brothers, took a sleeper, and was soon on 
my return home. At ten o'clock, a. m., crossed the Mis- 
souri River, it being only sixty feet wide; vegetation in the 
valley green and fresh, while that on the hills was dry. Farm- 
ers were cutting oats, and it was quite green. 

Maitland is a station in the midst of the finest valley in 
the Territory. Its yield of wheat is from fifty to sixty bush- 
els per acre and oats from seventy to ninety. On the right, 
coming East, there is a long range of snow-capped mount- 

Bozeman is a fine little city, with some fine brick build- 
mgs, in the midst of a fertile valley from ten to thirty miles 

Livingston is where passengers take the branch road for 
I he Yellowstone Park. A heavy storm was raging on the 
mountains, but did not reach the valley. 

Billings is a small place. Wm. B. Webb, of Billings, 
Montana, I met on the train. He says the Lodge was in- 
- stituted one year ago, with fifteen charter members. To- 
day they have forty members, who are very much interested 
in the work of the Order. 

September ii Glendive was reached at six oclock, a. m., 
^ small town having a round-house. Passed through the 
Bad Lands, scenery very picturesque. There seems to 
have been a general washout, leaving many points standing 
in all conceivable shapes from ten to fifty feet high, and 
they extend into Idaho. 

Dickens is quite a town; there being one firm that deals in 

Arrival Home and Reception. 195 

various kinds of furs, horns, and other curiosities. Ahiiost 
fifteen miles east I saw the first and only antelope go bound- 
ing over the prairie. 

Bismarck is a fine little city and is the capital of Idaho. 
The State House is built of brick and there are many other 
substantial brick buildings. It has a population of three 
thousand five hundred. 

I reached Minneapolis at twelve o'clock, m., and sent a 
telegram home that I would be there on Monday. Took 
train for St. Louis at half past three o'clock, p. m. 

September 14 I reached home on the three o'clock train. 
The following will show my reception there: — 

[From the Crawford Mirror.^ 

" As our readers are aware, Founder J. J. Upchurch, of 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, has spent the last 
three months visiting in California and Oregon, whither he 
went on invitation of the Order on the Pacific Coast. His 
stay there was one continuous ovation, and no man ever re- 
ceived greater honor, or was more generally eulogized than 
has been our distinguished citizen. 

" A telegram received a few days ago announced that he 
would reach here on Monday. The Founders Lodge de- 
termined to give him a welcome that would be no whit be- 
hind that tendered him by other members of the Order. 

" The Cuba and Salem Lodges were invited to participate, 
and a reception and banquet were hastily arranged. On the 
arrival of the three o'clock train from Cuba, Father Upchurch 
was met by a committee of the Lodge, and the Steelville 
Cornet Band escorted him through town and then to his 
home, and an invitation was given him to be present at Davis 
& Hamill's Hall at seven o'clock, p. m. At that hour a large 
number of the members and ladies and invited guests 
assembled at the hall. The exercises opened with an elo- 
quent address of welcome by Thos. R. Gibson, as follows: — 

196 Life of Father Upchurch. 

"'Father Upchurch: On behalf of and in the name 
of the Founders Lodge, No. 224, of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, I welcome you to your home, to your 
family, to your friends, and to the brothers of that noble 
and charitable organization, of which you are the recognized 
father and founder, from your grand tour of the Pacific 
States, and I sincerely assure you that we were highly 
gratified at the reception our brothers of the West accorded 
you in the many cities and towns you visited. 

" ' The honors bestowed upon, and the attention shown 
you, were worthy of any king, prince, or potentate, and fully 
demonstrated, beyond question, that your work in founding 
and establishing the Ancient Order of United Workmen is 
appreciated and cherished, not only by the brothers in the 
many Lodges throughout the Union, but by every citizen 
of this great and glorious Republic that holds near and 
dear those who are dependent upon him. 

" ' Your grand and triumphant tour of the golden States 
of California and Oregon was watched by one hundred 
fifty thousand Workmen, who vied with each other in the 
pleasure and gratification of beholding the father and 
founder of our noble Order the recipient of such marked 
attention and distinguished honors. 

" ' The Order originated and founded by you has well- 
regulated Lodges throughout the civilized world, and in 
each of them there is always a vacant chair awaiting your 

" ' The membership now exceeds one hundred fifty thou- 
sand, and over two million dollars are annually paid to 
the widows and orphans of deceased brothers. Little did 
you dream, a few years ago, when in Meadville, Pennsylva- 
nia, while following the vocation of a mechanic, you gath- 
ered around you a few of your fellow-laborers to plant the 
germ of this Order, that the society you were then organiz- 
ing would in maturing touch a tender spot in the hearts of 
your fellow-creatures, and flash like electricity through the 
Christian world. 

" 'You founded and originated this Order from no selfish 
purpose, but with the sole view of assisting and bettering 

His Reception. 197 

the condition of your fellow-workmen in their struggle 
through life, and as a protection to their families when 
called from this terrestrial globe. 

" ' You had observed that the relation between the twm 
brothers, capital and labor, was not of a nature to promote 
the welfare and prosperity of those two great civilizers. 
One cannot exist without the other; capital is built upon 
and created by labor, and labor is fed and nourished by 

" 'Your good common sense, not polished with an academic 
education, conceived the idea of establishing an organiza- 
tion in which the employer and employe could meet on a 
level, and in social intercourse assist each other, adjust plans, 
and devise means whereby both could work in harmony and 
for their mutual benefit and protection. 

" 'You can now behold the fruits of your labor. Your 
name is a familiar word in every home where peace and 
harmony prevail, and your picture adorns, not only Lodge 
rooms and parlors, but is engraved upon the heart of every 
true Workman, and few men are held in greater esteem 
than yourself. 

" ' The good you have done is confined to and monop- 
olized by no political party, no religious creed, select class, 
or clique of your fellow-beings, but is open for acceptance 
by all men, both rich and poor, who lead pure and upright 
lives, and pursue honest and honorable callings. 

" ' We are rejoiced to welcome you again to your home, 
to our hearts, and to the fraternal circle of our Lodge. 
Our good wives, daughters, and sisters also greet _you,_and 
have prepared this banquet and reception as a slight indi- 
cation of the kindly feelings they entertain for you, and a 
feeble reminder that though you have been royally received 
afar, there are affectionate hearts that beat as warmly for 
you here as in other lands, and that 

' 'Mid pleasures and palaces, though we may roam 
Be it ever so humble, there's no place like home. 

» > 

" When Father Upchurch arose to respond, he was greeted 
with applause. He thanked the brothers for the cordial 

198 Life of I^^ather UpcHURCii. 

greeting they had given him, and expressed his pleasure at 
again being at home. At the close of his reS'ponse the 
company took their seats at the bountifully laden table, and, 
after grace, did ample justice to the delicious viands so 
temptingly displayed. 

"The following toasts were then proposed: 'Our Order,' 
by Mr. Charles Everson. Dr, J. F. Coffee was called on 
to respond, and did so in an eloquent and graceful speech, 
in whicli he reviewed the progress of the brotherhood. To 
the sentiment, 'Father Upchurch,' Mr. Thomas Everson 
made a graceful and fitting response, which elicited many 
rounds of applause. ' Our Brothers of the Golden Shore ' 
was next proposed, and Mr. Frank M. Dunlavy responded 
in a brief but eloquent speech, suited to such a sentiment. 
' Our Wives and Sweethearts ' was responded to in a happy 
vein by Rev. P. D. Cooper. ' Our Visiting Brethren' was 
the theme for a neat litde speech by Mr. Noah L. Hawk, 
which, with a bit of choice poetry, ended the exercises of 
the programme, which w^as of unusual interest and remarkably 

" Father Upchurch w^as then invited to give an account 
of his visit to the Pacific Coast, which he did in a very in- 
teresting manner. 

"The band, led by Dr. R. E. Jamison, interspersed the 
occasion with excellent music. At a seasonable hour the 
audience dispersed to their several homes." 

At St. Louis. 199 

CUCH is the simple narrative of the life and labors of 
P ather Upchurch as prepared by himself. It only remains 
that we pick up the thread of the story where he let it fall, 
and, by the aid of such data as we liave been able to pro- 
cure, continue it to the end. 


After the ovation tendered to him by the Lodges and 
populace on his safe arrival home, at Steelville^ he quietly 
and unobtrusively resumed the business in which he was 
engaged before he started on his memorable journey, viz., 
dealing in agricultural implements, lumber, and undertaker. 
He had been home but a few days, however, when he re- 
ceived an invitation from the Sixth Regiment, Select Knights, 
to visit them at St. Louis. Accepting the invitation, he 
was met on his arrival at the depot by a committee of 
cistinguished brothers and driven to his hotel, where an 
address of welcome was delivered by Hon. John I. Martin, 
to which he briefly responded, visiting two of the Lodges 
that evening. The two following days he received marked 
attention by eminent citizens of St. Louis, being driven 
about to the various points and places of interest. On the 
evening of one of these days, he was tendered a grand 
reception by about seven thousand of the brethren of St. 
Louis, a competitive drill by several of the Legions being 
held in his honor, 


He also attended by invitation the biennial conclave of 
Select Knights of Missouri, at Moberly, on the 27th of 
October. Here also he was the recipient of much respect 

200 Life of Father Upchurch, 

and distinguished honor. The following is an epitomized 
account of his reception, taken from the Watchman of 
November 14, 1885: — 

" At the session of the Grand Legion (Select Knights) 
of Missouri, at Moberly, on th5 27th ult., Father Upchurch 
was present, and received much attention from the many 
present. There were many valuable prizes given to com- 
peting Legions for excellence in drill, but according to re- 
ports contained in the Missouri papers, ' the grandest gift 
of air was awarded to the venerable father of the Order, 
J. J. Upchurch, who was present. The gift was a sword 
and belt, which was beautiful enough to grace any officer. 
This being the seventeenth anniversary of the founding of 
the Order, no more appropriate recognition of the father 
of the Order could possibly have been given. 

" After the awarding of prizes, the members of the Grand 
Legion filed by and shook hands with Father Upchurch, 
after which he made a short speech, expressing the pleasure 
and gratitude he felt in being so honored. He also 
adverted to the early struggles of the Order, making a 
speech that is described as sound, sensible, and to the point.'* 


Returning from these pleasant visits he spent about a 
month in quiet at home, receiving in the meantime an invi- 
tation to visit Wyandotte, Kansas, by .Geo. W. Reed, 
Supreme Commander Select Knights, and others. Of this 
visit he speaks as follows in a letter written to the Watch- 
man^ after he returned home: — 

" Editors Watchman: On January i I visited Wyan- 
dotte, Kansas, where I was received at the depot by a com- 
mittee headed by Bro. Geo. W. Reed, Supreme Command .t 
Select Knights and Grand Master Workman of Kansas. 
In the evening a large number of brothers assembled in 
Odd Fellows' Hall to install the officers of Lodge No. 30. 
A fine address was delivered by Grand Master Workman 

The Grand Lodge of Kansas. 201 

Reed, who, with the assistance of Supreme Master Workman 
John A. Brooks and your correspondent, conducted the in- 

" After the ceremony about four hundred brothers and 
their friends sat down to a sumptuous banquet, prepared by 
the ladies, which was greatly enjoyed. 

"January 4 I went to St. Joseph, Missouri, and was 
present next day at an informal reception tendered Brother 
Reed at the hall of No. 50. In the evening many mem- 
bers of the Order, including Select Knights in uniform, 
formed in procession and all marched to the Opera House, 
where a large audience had already assembled. There, 
addresses were delivered by Brother Reed, the undersigned, 
and others, and a secret meeting at the hall of No. 50 
followed, in which the work of the two Orders was exempli- 

" On the 8th inst. I had the pleasure of visiting the good 
brothers of Centralia and talking to them, returning home 
from the trip on the 9th. 

"Yours in C, H., and P., J. J. Upchurch." 


The Grand Lodge of Kansas was to meet at Topeka 
February 23, and a warm invitation had been extended to 
him to attend. Previous to that, however, he had been 
urged to meet the legions of Select Knights at Sedalia, 
Missouri. Of these visits also he has left an account in 
another letter to the Watchman^ dated Steelville, Missouri, 
March i, 1886. 

" Editors Watchman: On the 19th of February I had 
the pleasure of visiting Sedalia, Missouri, by invitation of 
the Select Knights, and I take the liberty of sending you a 
brief account of the visit, for it was to me one of great 
pleasure. Met at the depot by a delegation of Knights in 
uniform, we proceeded to their hall, where introductions 
and an exchange of fraternal greetings took place. In the 

202 Life of Father Upchurch. 

evening an audience of fifteen hundred at least assembled 
in the large rink, it being the only hall in the city large 
enough to accommodate the crowd. Preliminary to this, 
however, a banquet was enjoyed by about six hundred 
brethren and guests. Following this feast of good things 
came requests to address the friends, which it was a pleasure 
for me to do, as everybody seemed in sympathy with our 
Ancient Order of United Workmen sentiments of fraternity. 

" On the following evening I went to Independence and 
there had the satisfaction of being warmly greeted by many 
brethren and invited guests, and of speaking to them briefly 
on the principles of Workmanship. The members of the 
Order there are alive to its interests. 

" On the 23d I proceeded to Topeka, where the Grand 
Lodge was in session, and spent a delightful time with the 
members of that body and other brothers in attendance. 
Grand Master Workman Reed (who is also Supreme Com- 
mander of the Select Knights), joined with the other Grand 
officers in extending to me every courtesy. On the first eve- 
ning of the session the Grand Master Workman and your 
correspondent were escorted to the Opera House by a dele- 
gation of uniformed Knights, where a fine programme of 
exercises was carried out, including addresses by Brother 
Reed, Grand Foreman Miller, and your correspondent. 
The audience was a very fine one, representative, I believe, 
of the members of the Order generally in Topeka. 

"Yours in C., H., and P., J. J. Upchurch." 

Another report has the following in relation to the found- 
er's visit to the Grand Lodge of Kansas: — 

" The Grand Lodge of Kansas met in Topeka in eighth 
annual session on the 23d of February, one hundred and 
eighty -nine delegates being present. The session was 
opened by Geo. W. Reed, Grand Master Workman. The 
report of the Grand Recorder, E. M. Forde, shows that 
thirty-four deaths occurred in the Jurisdiction during the 
past year. A pleasant incident of the first day's session was 
the presentation to Grand Master Workman Reed, on behalf 

The Grand Lodge of Kansas. 20S 

of the Grand Legion of the Select Knights, of a beautiful 
gold badge, suitably inscribed. 

"Father Upchurch was present by invitation of the 
Grand Lodge, and on the evening of the opening day he 
was accorded a grand reception at Crawford's Opera House, 
I he hall being crowded. Addresses were made by Brother 
Reed, Grand Master Workman Father Upchurch, and Hon. 
J. M. Miller, Grand Foreman. In his introductory ad- 
dress, the former thus referred to the honored and venerable 
guest of the evening: — 

" 'To-day, in unfeigned happiness, we extend the hand of 
welcome and fraternal greeting to our brother, who not only 
moulds his own nature to the best conformation of which it 
is susceptible, but by his teachings anci example influences 
many others to work in harmony for the uplifting and im- 
provement and relief of needy humanity. We are proud to 
listen to a man whose whole inward life is an upward life, a 
progressive life, a life devoted to right. We are proud to 
welcome a man who is so truly worthy of reverence. Thou- 
sands of the best and noblest men in our land hasten to do 
him honor. We welcome him, while we thank him in grate- 
ful affection for the great and glorious work he established 
and has helped with fatherly care to guard and maintain.' 

"The reply of Father Upchurch was unusually full and 
admirably expressed. We have space for but brief extracts. 
Referring to the early struggles of the Order in Pennsylva- 
nia, and to the recent disincorporation of the Grand Lodge 
of that State, he said: — 

" ' Dissension arose in the Order. About one-half of our 
members seceded and formed an opposition Grand Lodge. 
This second Grand Lodge procured an act of incorporation 
which has given us more trouble than everything else that 
has been brought to bear against us. 

" ' I thank God that the mother of our Order has had in- 
dependence enough to cast off the incubus and assert her 
rights to do business under the charter of the Supreme 
Lodge, and I sincerely trust that every other Grand Lodge 
will do likewise. This separation continued for two years, 
when in January, 1873, a union of the two wings of the 

204 Life of Father CJpchurch. 

Order was affected. At this time there were only about 
eight hundred members in both wings of the Order. Tha 
ratification of the union was held in New Castle, Pennsyl- 
vania, about January 25, when every member present gave 
evidence of his approval that we were again a united Order. 
Old Brother McNair, Grand Recorder of Pennsylvania, 
arose and proposed that we sing, ' Praise God, from whom 
all blessings flow,' which was done with enthusiasm, and I 
am yet to be convinced that there was a dry eye in the 

" Again he said: — 

" ' It is not sufficient to promise faithfully to perform an 
act and then evade its burden, or that you have induced 
others by personal splicitation or otherwise to become mem- 
bers of our Order, the meetings of which you seldom attend, 
and of which you know but little, except by hearsay. 

" ' How can you reconcile such conduct to the duty you 
owe your families and loved ones ? Your continuation with 
this organization, which agrees to pay over to your family the 
sum of two thousand dollars, has led them to believe that 
the fear of destitution which might stare them in the face 
were you taken from them, is no longer visible; that you 
have made a sure provision for them. Yet you would trifle 
with their dearest expectations; you peril their interest; you 
deliberately deceive them when you unhesitatingly or wan- 
tonly neglect to pay your assessments promptly, or refuse to 
bear your share of the burden attendant upon the proper 
working of your Lodge.' " 


The Grand Lodge of California convened in San Fran- 
cisco, April 6, 1886. We cull the following from the min- 
utes of the third day's proceedings of that body, to show 
the appreciation in which the recent visit of Father Up- 
church was held by the Grand Lodge and the brothers on 
the Pacific Coast. 

Bro. A. T. Dewey offered the following resolutions, 
which were adopted: — 

Preparing His Book. 205 

'' Whereas, The visit of Father Upchurch to this coast 
last year was an event of great importance in the history of 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen on the western 
slope of the continent; 

" Resolved^ That this Grand Lodge return to the grand old 
founder of our great Order, J. J. Upchurch, Past Supreme 
Master Workman, its grateful acknowledgments and most 
sincere thanks for his visit to our fair State. 

^^ Resolved, That by his modest and noble bearing, and his 
wise and kindly counsel, he won the respect and love of all 
our brotherhood and helped to cement more firmly the fra- 
ternal ties that bind the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
into one great co-operative body for the elevation and pro- 
tection of its members and their dependent families. 

^^ Resolved, That Father Upchurch's visitations to different 
portions of our Jurisdiction afforded the brethren who had 
the opportunity of seeing and hearing him a privilege that 
will always be cherished as one of the pleasantest memories 
of true Workmen. 

" Resolved, That this Grand Lodge sends warm fraternal 
greetings to the venerable founder, who, in his humble home, 
still contributes his influence to the support of the Order he 
brought into life, and congratulates him upon the fact that 
he has lived to see the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
grow into a star of the first magnitude, fixed in the grand 
center of a new and wonderfully progressive system of ben- 
eficiary fraternities." 


In the meantime he had been utilizing all his spare time 
in collecting and arranging the manuscript for his biography, 
according to the agreement* entered into with Brother 

* The following extract, from the report of the Upchurch memorial services in San 
Francisco, briefly explains how Father Upchurch came to write his book, and, 
finally, his last letter to accompany the sam : — 

"With the letter in hand, Past Grand Master Workman Barnes advanced to the 
foot-lights at the close of the regular services in San Francisco, and in a voice and 
manner betokening the deepest emotion, spoke, before reading, a few words to the 
brethren, mentioning the matter of Fa.her Upchurch preparing his book for publi- 
cation, and the circumstance that while here he was induced by Bro. Past Master 

206 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Dewey, while he was in San Francisco. This was a work of 
considerable labor, the earlier portions of the narrative be- 
ing supplied entirely from memory. Nevertheless, by apply- 
ing himself diligently to it, he was able to forward a consid- 
erable portion of it in May, 1886. 

The Supreme Lodge of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen met at Minneapolis, June 15, 1886, and there, in 
his capacity of Senior Past Supreme Master Workman, he 


Towards the latter part of October he started on what 
proved to be his last pilgrimage, going East in response to 
pressing calls from Boston and Philadelphia, by the way of 
Niles, Michigan, whence he had also had a pressing 


At this time Past Grand Master Workman William H. 
Barnes, of California, was on a round of visits to the Lodges 
of the Southern and Middle States, by invitation of the 
Grand Jurisdictions there. From Toledo, Ohio, he ad- 
dressed a letter to Father Upchurch, October 6, 1886, and 
received the following answer at Cincinnati, October 17: — 

"Steelville, Mo, October 16, 1886. 
" My Dear Brother Barnes: Your kind letter from To- 
ledo received. You are going to Tennessee for the aniver- 

Workman A. T. Dewey to promis6 to write a history of his life and wor' , for pub- 
lication, in book form, by the IVatchuian Publishing Co., the same to be sold 
throughout the world for the benefit of the honest old founder. Fortunately for 
all our brethren, and the many thousands who shall yet swell our ranks, and their 
families as well, Father Upchurch kept his word, and the precious MSS., largely 
in his own handwriting, were duly prepared, and thus will be preserved, to the 
Order and the world, one of the most significant of all life histories. Urged to add 
a few words more to his book, by way of benediction to his children of t e Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, he complied, and sent to his fellow-Workmen, from his 
good old heartand brains, a last blessing so characteristic of the dear, good man, 
and so appropriate to this sorrowful occasion, that it should not be withheld longer 
from those who so love and cherish his memory." 

Visiting East. 207 

sary celebration, and I am going to be in Boston. Wher- 
ever you go, Brother Barnes, God be with you and bless you 
for your noble efforts for humanity. I shall never forget 
you or any of my dear California brethren. Give my sin- 
cere good wishes to the brethren everywhere. I often think 
of my grand trip to the Pacific Coast. Everybody is kind 
to me everywhere, but there is but one California, and I 
hope some day to see you all again. Praying that our work 
may spread and increase, I am 

" Faithfully yours, John J. Upchurch." 

As we prefer to have him tell the story of his life and 
travels himself whenever it is practicable, we transcribe the 
following letter written to the Watchman^ from Steelville, 
Missouri, November 20, detailing his reception at the vari- 
ous places visited: — 


" Steelville, Mo., November 20, 1886. 

"Editor Watchman: According to promise I send 
you a few items concerning my trip East. On October 
27, I attended the eighteenth anniversary of our Order at 
Niles, Michigan. There was a procession of Knights and 
Workmen in the afternoon. In the evening there was a 
meeting in the Grand Army of the Republic Hall, where the 
Workman Degree was conferred under the new ritual by the 
Grand Officers with good effect. The Lodge and visitors 
repaired to the banquet hall and partook of a sumptuous 
spread prepared by the wives and daughters of the members. 
At seven o'clock all returned to the hall, where Bro. W. 
Warne Wilson delivered the address of the day, which was 
followed by the Grand Master Workman, myself, and others. 
At half past ten o'clock, the meeting adjourned, when I took 
the train for Boston, and was met at the depot by Supreme 
Medical Director Doherty, and conducted to the hotel. 

" In the evening we had a fine meeting in Tremont Tem- 
ple, which was well attended, considering the heavy rain 

208 Life of Father Upchurch. 

that had fallen during the day and night. The meeting was 
addressed by Brother Loomis, of Buffalo, myself, and oth- 

"On November i I visited Everett Lodge, No. 7. The 
meeting was well attended, and a banquet was indulged in, 
and a number of well-directed, enthusiastic speeches made. 

" On the 4th of November we visited Hallowell Lodge, 
of Maine, and assisted the Grand Officers in dedicating a 
new hall. There was a fine attendance, and a number of 
appropriate addresses. On the 5th, visited Salem. In the 
evening had a large meeting of the members; there was a 
banquet, and many fine speeches were made. On the 6th, 
took in the city, which was very interesting. 

" In the evening I took the train for Pennsylvania. On 
the 7th visited Industry Lodge, No 2, of Wilmington, Dela- 
ware. A large meeting of the members and their families 
was held, many fine addresses, music and recitations, and a 
good time generally. 

"On the loth I took the train for Philadelphia, and was 
met by Brothers Past Master Workmen Smith and Jones. 
In the evening met with Quaker City Lodge, No. no, in 
their hall. There was a fine attendance, and a number of 
enthusiastic speeches by Past Grand Master Workmen 
Smith, Jones, and others, and myself. On the nth took in 
the city. The work is growing everywhere I visited, both 
in numbers and interest. I predict that the Order will ap- 
proximate two hundred thousand by the next meeting of the 
Supreme Lodge. 

" Fraternally yours, in C, H., and P., 

J. J. Upchurch. 


The following in relation to his Eastern visits is epitom- 
ized from New England papers: — 


"The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts and the Workmen 
of that Jurisdiction, decided early upon a proper celebration 

In Boston. 209 

of th J eit^^htecnth anniversary of the founding of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, with the result that the occasion 
was one of the most gratifying and profitable in the history 
of the Jurisdiction. Father Upchurch was the special guest 
of the Grand Lodge. Tremont Temple had been secured, 
and though the weather was not the most propitious, there 
was a large attendance and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed. 
The exercises were opened by an organ recital. Grand Re- 
ceiver Temple, Chairman of the Committee of Arrange- 
ments, welcomed the audience, and called upon Grand 
Master Workman Hon. James Weymouth, of Old Town, 
Maine, to preside, who, after a brief speech, introduced 
Father Upchurch, who was accorded a genuine New England 

" Brother Upchurch gave a brief account of the origin 
of the Order, the obstacles he met and overcame, and the 
progress made in the first few years of the existence of the 
Order. He explained the cause which brought a division of 
the Order, and the harmonious reunion, which was acknowl- 
edged by the convention of the two bodies singing, ' Praise 
God from whom all blessings flow.' He was very enthu- 
siastic as to the future of the Order, and thought that ten 
years more would see a membership of five hundred thou- 

" Past Grand Master Workman Hobart B. Loomis, of New 
York, was also a guest of the Grand Lodge, and being called 
upon delivered a clear-cut exposition of co-operation as ex- 
emplified in the mutual plan of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, and showed, to the evident satisfaction 
of all present, that fraternity was the foundation-stone of the 
Order. The evening's entertainment included vocal and 
instrumental music by celebrated artists, and the whole 
affair was one of the most successful ever given in the Or- 
der, in every way except in the attendance, which, as said 
above, was limited somewhat by inclement weather. 

"Sunday afternoon Brothers Upchurch, Ingalls, and 
Doherty 'went to college' in Cambridge. Monday was 
spent in sight-seeing. Tuesday evening Brother Upchurch 
was the guest of Everett Lodge, of Dorchester, w^here he 
had a royal reception. 

210 Life of Father Upchurch. w 

"Wednesday evening he dedicated the new hall of Cres- 
cent Lodge, in Hallowell. 

*' Thursday morning the train was taken in a homeward 
direction. On arriving at Salem, a committee of John En- 
dicott Lodge received the Upchurch party. In the evening 
Brother Upchurch witnessed the work as it was beautifully 
rendered by the officers of the Lodge. Representatives of 
fifteen Lodges were present. A collation and a pipe of 
peace followed the Lodge meeting. After a farewell to the 
brethren in Salem^ cars were taken for Philadelphia, where 
Brother Upchurch met Quaker City Lodge, who gave him 
a warm reception, and saw him safely on his way home." 


Of his warm reception in the city of brotherly love we 
take the following account from the Protector^ and as his 
response was the last recorded speech of the grand old man, 
we make no apology for giving it entire. 



*' Large delegations from the Lodges in Philadelphia and 
vicinity, including Wilmington, Camden, Haddonfield, and 
Baltimore, assembled in the hall of Quaker City Lodge, 
No. 1 1 6, on Wednesday evening, November lo, to welcome 
Father Upchurch and m.ake him feel how well beloved he is 
by the brothers of the Order here. It being the night of 
the regular meeting of the Lodge, the routine business was 
concluded with dispatch. The honored visitor was admitted 
to the Lodge under the guidance of the chairman of the 
committee, Past Grand Master Workman Wm. H. James, 
escorted by Past Grand Master Workman Jos. C Smith, 
Grand Overseer Alfred Frank Custis, and Past Grand Mas- 
ter Workman F. J. Keffer. The Lodge room was crowded, 
and all testified their respects by giving the honors of the 

" Under the call of ' good of the Order ' Past Grand 
Master Workman Wm. H. James arose and said: — 

In Philadelphia— His Last Speech. 211 

" ' It is of course to me a matter of great pleasure to in- 
troduce to you Brother J. J. Upchurch, the founder of our 
Order. Brother Upchurch is a man of modest demeanor, 
but he is a true Workman — a mechanic by profession. His 
idea was to form a society wherein the employe and em- 
ployer could meet face to face as brothers, upon the same 
plane, upon the same platform, and obligated to the same 
principles. He also provided in his original constitution 
that the members were to do all they could for the elevation 
of the laboring class, in that they should provide for lectures 
and essays in the Lodge room, present new inventions as 
they came out, and provide a library for die members. He 
also provided for the payment of sick benefits and the sys- 
tem which has become the great item of our Order— the 
payment of a fund to the family of a deceased brother. 
We here to-night, meeting as members of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen, welcome Brother Upchurch with the 
heartiest good wishes for long life and prosperity. 

"'I now introduce Brother Upchurch to you, that you 
may hear some remarks from him.' 

"Brother Upchurchsaid: 'Master Workman and Broth- 
ers: It gives me a great deal of pleasure to be able to meet 
with you on this occasion, especially in this grand old hall. 
You are my first love, being in this Jurisdiction where my first 
labor was devoted to the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men. I am not much of a speaker. At the time when I 
•should have been studying elocution in order to become a 
-public speaker, I was studying mechanics and the wants of 
the people, otherwise you might not have the Order of 
United Workmen. I feel proud to-day that I am per- 
mitted to meet you here in this city, to meet the brothers of 
ether Lodges here with those of Quaker City Lodge, the 
largest Lodge in the world. Perhaps I had better give you 
some of the incidents that caused me to think and act in 
building up our Order. It is known by a great many that 
in early times it was thought that all mechanics should be- 
long to some trades-union. I thought so at one time. I 
went into the union,, and I soon discovered that they were 
not doing what they professed to. They were selfish; they 

212 Life of Father Upchurch. 

were envious. The blacksmith was ready to sacrifice the 
business of the machinist and to build up his own interest; 
so all the way down. It occurred to me that it was wrong 
that there should not be a union of the whole for the great- 
est good of the greatest number. It is true that while I was 
thinking about this matter, I formed no plan for the organi- 
zation until 1864. I was master mechanic of the Mine 
Hill & Schuylkill Haven Railroad. Many of you know 
that in Schuylkill County the train hands demanded an ad- 
vance of fifty cents a day, and I wrote to President Johnson, 
of Philadelphia, who directed me to give them forty cents a 
day advance, which made the engineer's wages four dollars 
a day. I notified the committee of train hands. They 
hooted at the idea and said that the society had directed 
them to demand fifty cents a day and take nothing less, and 
unless they were paid that fifty cents a day they would strike. 
They went on a strike and were out four weeks. The 
Secretary of War sent on a corps of engineers and firemen, 
and I ran the road in the interest of the Government of 
that time. At its expiration these men were ready to go to 
work at what I offered them in the first place. 

" 'Then it occurred to me what an outrage had been com- 
mitted by this society on these poor laborers. It had de- 
prived them of a whole month's wages that never could be 
regained, and some of these men were not able to lose three 
days in a month without depriving their families of the com- 
forts of life. Brothers, it made such an impression upon 
my mind that it was impossible to cast it off, and I finally 
came to the conclusion that if it was possible I would do 
something to harmonize labor and capital. I was filled 
with the idea and went to the oil regions next year, and 
there became acquainted with Brother Keffer, to whom I 
disclosed my plan for harmonizing the two great interests. 
Brother Kefier encouraged me to perfect the work and in- 
troduce it on the night of the 27th of October, 1868. I 
reported that I liad a constitution and the first degree ready. 
We then organized the meeting and I read the constitution, 
which was adopted by sections, and I administered the obli- 
gation of the first degree to thirteen members beside my- 

His Last Speech. 213 

self. We elected our officers and we all went away highly 
elated at the prospects of the new Order. On the morning 
of the 2Sth, not twelve hours after the institution of the 
Lodge, a number of members came to me to demand that 
the words "white male" be stricken from the constitution. 
You will remember that the article on eligibility to member- 
ship says all white male persons of good moral character 
are eligible to membership in this Order; they wanted the 
words " white male " stricken out. I told them that I would 
never do anything to degrade a white man. I said if the 
negroes want to iiet up an organization for their own eleva- 
tion, I will do all in my power to assist them; but that was 
not what they wanted; they wanted it a mixed society, and 
I do not feel like mixing too much. I do not believe in 
too much mixture anyway. The Recorder took it upon 
himself to refund to every member his initiation fee. 

" ' On the 3d of November, the second meeting night, I 
went to the hall, not knowing whether there would be one 
of them there, but I did not wish any of them to go there 
and not find me. But, fortunately, six of the thirteen came 
forward and paid their initiation the second time, and, 
brothers, we then and there renewed our obligation that we 
would go to work with more energy and determination to 
build up the Ancient Order, We had a great deal to con^ 
tend with. We were o])posed by the business men of the 
city, by mechanics and laborers, and it was supposed that it 
was a trades-union of the ordinary type gotten up to' fleece 
the workingmen out of their wages. We labored zealously, 
earnestly, and faithfully for nine months, and in that time we 
got twenty members; and, brothers, we thought we were do- 
ing very well. Everything seemed to go along harmoniously, 
but at last, unfortunately, a division arose in the Order and 
there were two Grand Lodges; but I thank God, in February, 
1873, ^^1 those differences were removed and we again had 
a United Order. Everybody's soul was in the work, and 
they were, rejoiced that there was no division; that we 
were again united for the purpose of making men better, 
teaching them high and noble aspirations; and on the nth 
Qf February the Supreme Lodge was organized in Cincin^ 

214 Life of Father Upchurch. 

nati with eleven members. At this time we had about 
eight hundred members in both wings of the Order. From 
that time the people seemed to take an interest in the Order; 
they saw that its members were doing all they could to bene- 
fit their fellow-members; they investigated its principles and 
they saw that there was a feature in our Order that never 
had been presented before, that of making men better, of 
providing for their families, their loved ones, when they 
were gone. Brothers, that feature to-day should fill our 
every heart. From that time forward the Order spread 
with unprecedented rapidity; it leaped the bounds of States, 
it crossed the Rocky Mountains, and to-day I am proud to 
say that almost every State and Territory in our country, 
and in the Dominion of Canada, has Lodges permanently 
located, and in a flourishing and prosperous condition. 

" ' A few years ago we were looked upon with suspicion. 
It was thought, as I said before, that w^e were a trades-union. 
To-day our society is composed of the best men of the 
country. We have members from the highest professions 
and the lowest grades of mechanical labor. AVe come into 
this organization on the same great level. It is not money, 
but it is purity of character and uprightness that bring us 
here, and we can take each brother by the hand as an equal. 
Brothers, in this organization we have done more to har- 
monize the human family, high and low, than all the other 
organizations that ever existed. 

" ' It is true that some object to the word "Workmen," but, 
brothers, are we not directed to earn our bread by the sweat 
of our brow? It matters not whether a man works with the 
brain or the hand, it is all work. Brothers, I have had ex- 
perience in my life of both, and I must say that brain labor 
is the hardest labor that I have ever done. He who is 
ashamed to be called a workman should be ashamed to reap 
any of the benefits produced by labor. I am proud to say 
that our Order is composed of Workmen w^ho are ever 
ready to do anything to advance a fellow-man in the scale 
of civilization and usefulness. This is why we have met 
with such unprecedented success. We have worked to 
make men and women better, to make them more honorable 

His Last Speech. ' 215 

in all their dealings with their fellow-men. The proud 
position which the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
occupies to-day in the rank of great organizations has been 
brought about by earnest, faithful, and persistent work, and 
to maintain its proud standard and to raise it to even 
grander proportions, increased fidelity must be brought to 
the interests confided to our care. 

'''Our Order has contributed more toward curing the 
great monsters, poverty and degradation, than any other. 
It has driven want and distress from thirty thousand fire- 
sides and erected in their stead the standard of hope and 
protection. The widow's tears have been dried and the 
wail of the orphan hushed. 

'"Fraternity, my brothers, is the foundation upon which 
our Order stands. It is the mainspring that prompts us to 
action and propels us forward in the noble work of Charity, 
Hope, and Protection. Its principles are like unto the cease- 
less fountain of pure waters, charity widening out of the 
broad stream of hope, flowing on to the broad ocean of 
liberty. Upon the bosom of this ocean, my brothers, to-day 
ride one hundred and seventy-two thousand Workmen, and 
their loved ones shudder less and less as the advancing 
difficulties of the commercial world sweeps over their heads. 

" 'Fraternity in its true and full sense amounts to more 
than mere forms and ceremonies; it amounts to giving pro- 
tection to the weak and money to the needy. It means a 
better state of society; it means fewer outcasts and paupers 
and more of civilization and progress. Show me a com- 
munity where fraternal societies flourish, and I challenge 
you to show me crowded poor-houses or jails. That is 
something important. Who ever heard of a Workman be- 
ing carried over the hills to the poor-house? Who ever 
heard of a member of our noble Order being buried in the 
potter's field or in the pauper's grave? I never did, and I 
have traveled over a great deal of the country. I have had 
a great interest in our noble Order, and that is one thing I 
have never heard said about it. 

"'The first death occurred in 1871, and the widow re- 
ceived one hundred and sixty dollars. Since that time 

216 • Life of Father Upchurch. 

there has been more than fifteen millions of dollars paid io 
the widows of the deceased brothers of our Order; that 
does not include the sick benefits, or local benefits, or 
charity. Brothers, can any of us estimate tlie vast amount 
of suffering that has been relieved by the distribution of 
this sum? I confess that I cannot comprehend it to this 

" 'I was in Boston last Friday week. We had extremely 
bad weather. Our meeting was held in Tremont Temple, 
and I suppose that there were one thousand people in the 
audience. The Order is growing remarkably fast in the 
jurisdiction of Massachusetts, which has now about ten 
thousand members. I believe that our Order at the next 
meeting of the Supreme Lodge will number two hundred 
thousand, and I expect to live to see one million members 
in this Order. I do not know that I will want to die then, 
but probably I shall want to see another million. I do not 
believe my w^ork is ended yet. 

"'I feel proud of the iVncient Order of United Workmen, 
and why should I not ? There never was a man who lived 
that had such a family. I must say that wherever I have been 
I was treated by the Workmen as a father. I am proud of 
it. I appreciate the honor, and to-night I am glad to meet 
with you. Brothers, let us live up to the principles of our 
Order and meet in that Grand Lodge above.' 

" Eloquent and appropriate speeches were made by 
Grand Overseer Alfred Frank Custis; Grand Master Work- 
man John J. Gallagher, of Maryland, New Jersey, and Dela- 
ware; Bros. John B. Moffitt, of Spring Garden Lodge; 
Geo. B. Carr, of Mt. Vernon Lodge; Morton R. Morris, of 
Integrity Lodge, and Past Grand Master Workmen Jos. G. 
Smith and F. J. Keffer. After the addresses Father Up- 
church held a reception. Each brother was introduced to 
him and shook him warmly by the hand, expressing his 
pleasure in meeting him." 


He took advantage of this visit to Pennsylvania to visit, 
in company with his wife, relatives and old friends in 

His Death. 217 

Mauch Chunk and Bethlehem, staying with them a few 
days before finally returning to his home in Steelville. 
These last visits to the Lodges in Boston and Philadcli)hia 
were exceedingly gratifying to him. He felt that the grand 
organization which he had founded was away beyond the 
region of experiment, that it was one of the fixed institutions 
of the country, and that its principles were so firmly rooted 
in the hearts of the people as to give assurance of its per- 
manence and success. At the same time he felt that he 
was getting to be an old man, and he expressed the predic- 
tion that this would probably be his last visit East. 

He arrived home about the middle of November, and 
spent the next three months about his ordinary avocations, 
apparently in his usual health. 


About the 9th of January, 1887, however, he was taken 
sick with pneumonia, but no great danger was apprehended 
till the 17th, when he grew seriously worse, and died next 
morning at fifteen minutes past one, surrounded by his 
wife and the surviving members of his family. Of these, 
five sons out of fifteen children only remain, — Theodore F., 
Horace C, William A., Curtis L., and John C. His hon- 
ored wife, the good mother of his numerous children, for 
forty- six years his faithful companion and helpmeet, con- 
sidering her age, the vicissitudes of her life, and her great 
bereavement, remains in tolerable health and circumstances. 


And so, in peace and content, the great work of his life 
fully accomplished, surrounded and attended by the loving 
ministrations of his affectionate family, passed away the 
gentle spirit of the great founder and father of our Ancient 

218 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Order of United Workmen. Great men, who by reason of 

fortuitous circumstances have filled exalted stations, and 
occupied conspicuous places in the world's regard, are 
continually passing away; but few men having so few, ad- 
vantages have ever attained such universal respect during 
their lives or been so sincerely mourned at their death. 

The morning following the sad event, wherever the tele- 
graph could convey the sorrowful announcement, a feeling 
of regret akin to that experienced at a personal loss, filled 
the hearts of every Workman, and in a thousand Lodge 
rooms, from Maine to California, and from Texas to 
Canada, before any official order had been promulgated, 
there was a spontaneous desire to drape their altars in the 
emblems of mourning. Telegrams and letters of condo- 
lence from all kinds and conditions of people, and from all 
quarters of the continent, poured in upon the stricken 
widow and bereaved family. 


Some of these, as samples of numerous others, we insert. 
They were sent direct to the family, or through Bro. H. L. 
Rogers, Grand Master Workman of Missouri. 

''Toronto, Ontario. 
" H. L. Rogers, Grand Master Workman: Regret prior 
peremptory engagements rendjr my attendance at funeral 
impossible. The sudden demise of dear Father Upchurch 
has created a profound sensation of grief throughout the 
great jurisdiction of Ontario, as it will have over this vast 
continent. I have directed general order of condolence to 
be issued; fail not to do full honor to the memory of our 
lamented Father. G. W. Badgerow, 

Supreme Master Wo7'kman. 

Messages of Condolence. 219 

"Assembly Chamber, Sacramento, Jan. i8, 1887. 

" H. L. Rogers, Past Grand Master Workman, St. 
Louis, Missouri— J/y Dear Brother: Your telegram an- 
nouncing the sad news of the death of Father Upchurch 
was received by me during the morning session, and I can- 
not express to you the surprise and sorrow it brought me. 
At half past twelve o'clock, p. m., I called the speaker pro 
tern to the chair. Itook the floor, and after saying such 

fitting words as I could command, introduced the following 
resolution, which was unanimously adopted, after which the 
House adjourned for the day: — 

'' ' Resolved, That when this House adjourns to-day, it 
does so out of respect to the memory of Father J. J. Up- 
church, founder of the beneficiary fraternal institutions of 
America, who died this morning at St. Louis, Missouri.' 

" A press of business and my own strong feelings renders 
it impossible to write you at length to-day. Please accept 
the sympathy which I feel we all need, and express to the 
Workmen where v^er you may meet them my share of our 
common sorrow. Fraternally yours, 

William H. Jordan, Supreme Forema7i" 

" Chicago, Illinois. 
" My Dear Mrs. Upchurch: I saw in the morning 
paper an account of the death of your husband and my 
friend. Father J. J. Upchurch. His death will fall heavily 
upon the members of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men everywhere, and you will have the sympathy and 
kindly aid if necessary of every brother. Hoping God will 
deal kindly with you and yours, I am very truly yours, 

Wm. C. Morris. 
Fast Suprej7ie Master Workma7i. 

Meadville, Pennsylvania. 
" To the Members of the Family of Father J. J. Upchiwch:— 
One hundred and seventy-five thousand members of the 
Workmen help to mourn the loss of Father Upchurch and 
extend their sympathy to you in your bereavement. 

M. W. Sackett, Supreme Recorder. 

220 Life of Father Upchurch. 

"■ Select Knights, A. (9. U. W.'\ 
Headquarters Supreme Legion, \ 
Topeka, Kan, January 19, 18S7. J 
" Mrs. J. J. Upchurch, Steelville, Mo.: I have just 
learned by telegraph of your sad bereavement, and the loss 
our Order has sustained in the death of our beloved founder, 
Father J. J. Upchurch. 

" We mourn with you the loss of one of the purest and 
noblest of earth, whose v;hole life has always been a pro- 
gressive life, a life devoted to the right. 

"Accept the sympathy of the Select Knights from Maine 
to California, and their pledge that you shall never want for 
home and friends. Fraternally, 

Geo. W. Reed, Supreme Commaiidery 

" San Francisco, California, 
" H. L. Rogers, Grand Master: Ca.lifornia, in union 
vv'ith her sister Jurisdictions, mourns the death of Father 
Upchurch, and places a wreath of immortelles on his grave. 

Edwin Danfortpi, 
Grand Master Workman. 

Salem, Missouri. 
"Dear 'Grandma' Upchurch and Family: I cannot 
tell you how my heart ached for you all, at the loss of the 
dear loved one. I long to be with you and soothe your aching 
heart, but we must look higher. God will give comfort that 
no earthly friend can. Let us look to him in this dreadful 
trial. May he be your guide and comforter in this hour of 
trouble. Your true friend, 

Mary A. W4LKER." 

"Cuba, Missouri. 
"My Dear Mrs. Upchurch: It was with the deepest 
sorrow and regret that I learned of the death of jNIr. Up- 
church, and hasten to assure you and your family of my 
love and sympathy in this your greatest affliction. I desire 
to commend you to Him who said, ' Come unto me all ye 
that are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.' What com- 
fort indeed to feel we have a kind and gentle Saviour to 
lean upon and enable us to say, ' Thy will be done.' 

Mrs. S. M. Wallace." 

Official Announcements; 221 

official announcements. 

The following official announcement and request were 
issued by the Supreme Master Workman the day after his 
death: — 

"Toronto, Ontario, Canada, January 19, 1.887. 
" To the Grcmd Master Worhne7i of the Various Grand 
Lodges of the Afieient Order of United Workmen: — 

" Brothers: It is with feelings of deepest sorrow, that I 
officially announce to you, and through you to the Order at 
large, the death of Father Upchurch, the founder of our 
noble Order. 

" He died at his home in Steelville, Missouri, on the 
morning of the i8th inst., after a short illness. 

" Details of his personal history and of his connection 
with our Order are well known to the membership, and uni- 
versal sorrow at the announcement of his death, wall testify 
to the high appreciation in which he was held by the broth- 

" Rare are the occasions when the hearts of so vast a 
number are touched wuth deep emotion at the death of one 
who, without heralded fame, but in the humbler walks of 
life, conceived, and successfully matured a plan of systematic 
charity and benevolence, the results of which to-day com- 
mand the respect and admiration of the world. 

" Father Upchurch has gone, but the great work which 
his mind conceived still lives, and will endure as a lasting 
monument to testify to the nobleness of his mind and 

" It is my request that you direct all Subordinate Lodges 
in your Jurisdiction to drape their charter, altar, and 
Lodge room for the term of six weeks, in respect to the 
memory of Father Upchurch, the founder of our noble 
Order. Yours in C, H., and P., 

George W. Badgerow, 
Si(pre??ie Master Workman, 

" Attest: 

M. W. Sackett, Supreme Recorden^ ■ 

^22 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Of the announcements and recommendations by the 
Grand Masters of the various Jurisdictions we insert, be- 
cause most convenient, that of Grand Master Edwin Dan ■ 
forth, to the Grand Jurisdiction of CaUfornia: — 

"San Francisco, Gal., January 24, 1887. 

" To the Subordiiiate Lodges of the Aiicient Order of U?iited 
Workmen of Califorjiia: — 

" You are hereby officially notified of the death of the 
founder of our Order, Past Supreme Master Workman J. J. 
Upchurch, which occurred Tuesday, January 18, 1887. We 
mourn the loss of our father and friend. It is meet and 
proper that the California Jurisdiction should do something 
to commemorate the sad event. Our father was with us a few 
months since. We little thought that the Master would take 
him hence so soon; but such is the case. When it was 
thought necessary to make him a present some time ago, the 
California Jurisdiction gave one-third the entire amount, and 
it is believed that now we w^ill do as much or more than any 
other State in the Supreme Jurisdiction. It is for you to de- 
cide whether we shall hold memorial services, erect a monu- 
ment, or adopt some other way of perpetuating the memory 
of Father Upchurch. At a meeting of the Grand Offi- 
cers and delegates of the various Subordinate Lodges of 
this city, held on Friday evening last, it was — 

" Resolved^ That we believe it to be due to the memory 
of Father Upchurch, that a monument should be erected in 
California, and we respectfully submit the idea to the 
brethren of this Jurisdiction, and ask them, while at their 
Lodge meetings, to debate the question, and send the result 
of their deliberations, at the earliest moment, to the Grand 
Master Workman. 

''The Grand Master desires and requests that the various: 
Subordinate Lodges throughout this Jurisdiction, drape 
their charters, gavels, emblems of the Order, and officers' 
jewels in mourning for a period of thirty days. Hoping 

Memorial. 223 

that immediate action will be taken on above resolution, and 
the results forwarded to me, I remain 

'' Fraternally yours, Edwin Danforth, 

Grand Master Workman* 
" Attest: 

H. G. Pratt, Grand Recorder. ^^ 


Of In Alemoriam Resolutions we accord the first place 
to those of the founder's Lodge, Jefferson, No. i, of 
Meadville, Pennsylvania, the first Lodge of the Order ever 

" To the Master Workman, Officers, and Brethre?i of Jeffer- 
son Lodge, No. I, Ancient Order of United Workinen: — 

" The undersigned, a committee appointed to prepare and 
report to the Lodge a proper tribute of respect to the mem- 
ory of our lately deceased brother, John Jordan Upchurch, 
beg leave to present the following 


" In the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred 
and sixty-eight, John Jordan Upchurch, a resident of the 
city of Meadville, Pennsylvania, gathered together a few of 
his fellow-workmen, and submitted to them a plan that he 
had conceived for the establishment and organization of a 
Mutual Beneficial Society, which was to have for its object 
the honor and protection of labor, the improvement of the 
moral, intellectual, and social qualities of its members, the 
destruction of any unnecessary existing social barriers be- 
tween labor and capital, the uniting of employer and em- 
ploye in one sacred bond of brotherhood, and the creation 
and disbursement of a fund for the benefit of sick and dis- 
abled members, and for the benefit of the widows and 
orphans of deceased worthy members. 

^'The plan and object met with favor, and it was resolved 
by himself and friends to establish such a society, and on 
the 27th day of October, a. d., 1868, the Ancient Order of 

224 Life of Father Upchurch. 

United Workmen was organized in the city of Meadville, 
Pennsylvania, and Jefferson Lodge, No. i, was duly insti- 
tuted. Brother Upchurch, the author of the Plan, Consti- 
tution, and Ritual of the Order, became the first Master 
Workman of Jefferson Lodge, No. i, the first Lodge of the 
Order. He was afterward made Provisional Grand Master 
Workman of the Provisional Grand Lodge of the United 
States, and finally, on the 6th day of October, a. d. 1869, 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania was duly and formally 
organized in the city of Meadville, and then Brother Up- 
church was duly elected and installed the first Grand Mas- 
ter Workman of the Grand Lodge of the. Ancient Order of 
United Workmen of Pennsylvania. Upon the subsequent 
organization of the Supreme Lodge of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen of the United States and Canada, 
Brother Upchurch was honored by receiving the highest 
dignity in the Order, that of Past Supreme Master Work- 

" In the history and development of great enterprises, the 
credit and honor of their origin and formation often become 
the subject of contention by pretenders and false claimants, 
and so was the case in the history of this Order. It was 
sought by envious and uncharitable persons from time to 
time, to deny to, and deprive Brother Upchurch of his well- 
earned credit in this respect, but they were silenced by evi- 
dence, and after the fullest and most thorough investigation 
of the subject, the Supreme Lodge of the Order has form- 
ally placed upon its records and among its archives, the ab- 
solute and unequivocal fact that to Brother John Jordan 
Upchurch belongs the honor and renown of being the 
founder of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

"For some time after the Constitution of the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, Brother Upchurch remained within 
this Jurisdiction, and a few years ago he removed with his 
family to the State of Missouri, where he died on the i8th 
of January, a. d., 1887. 

" He was buried under the rites and w'ith the honors of 
the Order, and under the auspices of the Grand Lodge of 

Memorial. 225 

'• It was most fitting that, at these last sad rites, the parent 
Lodge of the Order, and which was formed by Brother Up- 
church and the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, of which he 
was the first Grand Master Workman, as well as the Supreme 
Lodge, of which he was a Past Supreme Master Workman, 
should be duly represented, and therefore, among the thou- 
sands who followed the mortal remains of Brother LTpchurch 
to their last resting-place, w^re to be found the Recorder of 
this Lodge, who is the Grand Master Workman of the Grand 
Lodge of Pennsylvania, and the Supreme Recorder of the 
Supreme Lodge of the United States. 

'• The sphere of Brother Upchurch in life was, as the 
world reckons it, humble, unpretending, and yet of how few 
in any condition can it be said that so honorable a position 
has been attained, as he gained in the hearts of his fellow- 
men; how seldom can it be said that so much of real bene- 
faction, of practical charity, and of ennobling deeds of good- 
will have been accomplished in so short a period of time, as 
is seen in the growth of this great Order, springing, as it 
did, from the seeds of love, benevolence, and philanthropy, 
sowm in the tender heart and practical mind of Brother J. J. 
Upchurch, the modest and unassuming founder and father 
of this Ancient Order of United Workmen. Well did he 
understand and follow the tenets of those cardinal virtues of 
Charity, Hope, and Protection, those endearing watchwords 
of our beneficent Order. 

" Brother Upchurch needs no tablet of brass nor monu- 
ment of marble to perpetuate his virtues and to eternize his 
memory. His epitaph is written in the records of the 
Supreme Lodge and of every Grand and Subordinate Lodge 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and the memo- 
rial of his good and beneficent deeds will forever find lodg- 
ment in the hearts of hundreds of thousands of his surviving 
brethren, and hundreds of thousands of the widows and 
orphans of those of his brethren who have gone before, and 
of the beneficiaries of those who, in their turn, shall follow 

" This Lodge takes a mournful pleasure in thus placing 
upon record its high esteem for the benevolence, kind-heart- 

226 Life of Father Upchurch. 

edncss, and far-reaching charity of our deceased brother, 
John Jordan Upchurch, the founder and father of this, the 
parent Lodge of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
And therefore, it is ordered that this memorial be entered 
upon the records of the Lodge, and a duly attested copy 
thereof be sent to the widow of our deceased brother, and 
as an evidence to the Order, and the world at large of the 
action of this Lodge, it is further ordered that a copy of 
this memorial be furnished for publication in the journals of 
the Order and of this city. 

Pearson Church,\ 


J. H. Lenhart, \C0m7nittee. 
M. P. Davis, j 

J. B. McFadden, V 
" Attest: 

W. A. DouGAN, Recorder. 
'-■February i, iSSy.''* 

resolutions of respect. 

We could fill a volume with Resolutions of Respect from 
the minutes of the Subordinate Lodges throughout the 
country, but limitation of space permits us room for only one 
set, and we insert those of Keystone Lodge, No. 64, of 
Oakland, California (among the first adopted), as an indica- 
tion of the feeling of all the rest: — 

"Hall of Keystone Lodge, No. 64, A. O. U. W., ) 
Oakland, Cal, January 25, 1887. j 

"Whereas, It has pleased the Supreme Grand Master in 
Heaven to remove from our Order our beloved brother, Fa- 
ther J. J. Upchurch. 

"Whereas, As the founder of the Order, Ancient Order 
of United Workmen, he has always exhibited the greatest 
meekness and humility with the gathering laurels of its mar- 
velous growth and prosperity, an earnest friend of labor, 
pure and honest in every thought, true in his friendship, 
warm in his attachments, modest and unassuming in his 

Preparations for the Funeral. 227 

conduct, he commanded and possessed in the fullest degree 
the love and confidence of that mighty brotherhood he had 
created with the most unshaken faith and unclouded hope, 
and whose daily life was a simple but beautiful embodiment 
of the fraternal sentiment; therefore be it 

"■Resolved, That this Lodge deeply mourns the death of 
our venerable founder and brother, and feels that in his re- 
moval the Order has lost its most distinguished member, the 
community in which he lived one of its noblest citizens, and 
his family their best friend. 

" Resolved, That we tender to his faithful widow and be- 
reaved family our sincere sympathy in this, the hour of their 
great affliction, and commend them to the care of Him who 
doeth all things well. 

" Resolved, That in token of our deep grief at the loss we 
have sustained, that the charter of our Lodge be draped in 
mourning for ninety days. 

" Resolved, That the foregoing resolutions be spread upon 
the minutes of our Lodge; that a copy be sent to the family 
of our departed brother, and that they be furnished for 
publication in the Pacific States lVatchma?i, and the Oakland 
Tribune, Times, and the Enquirer. 

A. T. Dewey, \ 

C. E. Alden, V Committee y 

D. T. Fowler, ) 

preparations for the funeral. 

Preparations were immediately made to give the remains 
such a funeral as would, in a sad sense, express the high 
regard in which he was held by the brothers of the Order. 
The Lodges of Workmen and Select Knights of Steelville 
offered their services in any way they could be of use. Jef- 
ferson Lodge, No. I, of Meadville, Pennsylvania, the first 
Lodge of the Order ever instituted, and Franklin Lodge, No. 
3, also of the same Grand Jurisdiction, the Lodge of which 
he was a member at the time of his death, requested the 
honor of having his remains interred in the town where the 

228 Life of Father CJpchurch. 

pioneer Lodge was inaugurated. But after consultations 
between the local Lodges of Steelville, the officers of 
the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and members of his fam- 
ily, it was finally decided that he should be buried at St. 
Louis. Accordingly, the Grand Lodge of Missouri under- 
took the management and details of the funeral. A bury- 
ing plot was secured in the most beautiful part of that most 
beautiful of the cities of the dead, Bellefontaine, near St. 
Louis; and it was determined that there should be two 
funeral ceremonies, one at his late home in Steelville, and 
a more imposing one at St. Louis. 

On Friday morning, January 21, H. L. Rogers, Grand 
Master of Missouri, and a number of prominent members 
of the Order went to Steelville to conduct the ceremony 
there. And there, in a beautiful casket, surrounded by 
those he loved so well, lay all that was mortal of him, of 
whom it might be so truly said, "None knew him but to 
love, none named him but to praise." The coffin was 
trimmed with gold and silver ornaments, and on a silver 
shield was the inscription, — 



J BORN, MARCH 26, 1820; DIED, JANUARY iS, 1887. 


At two o'clock the Lodges of Steelville, Cuba, Salem, 
and Rolla marched to the family residence headed by the 

Lying in State, St. Louis. 229 

Steelville band, playing a funeral dirge. From there the 
remains were escorted to the Methodist church, the follow- 
ing acting as pall-bearers : Brothers Samuel Wyckoff, Charles 
Bangert, Patrick Stacks, Samuel Durst, Andrew Pabst, 
William Voss, John Hartfee, Andrew Pines, John Surch, 
John Guffy, Thomas Mercelle, Thomas Holmes, John 
Houston, and A. D. Day. 

The exercises were opened by the choir singing, " Rest, 
Weary Heait." Rev. John D. Vincil, Supreme Trustee, 
read the ninetieth psalm, and the choir sang, " Jesus, Lover 
of My Soul." Rev. T. A. Bowman offered a prayer. The 
second Scripture lesson was read from the fifteenth chapter 
of Corinthians, and the choir sang, " It Is Well with 
My Soul." Dr. Vincil then delivered the funeral discourse, 
taking his text from Proverbs, fourth chapter, eighteenth 
verse: " But the path of the just is as the shining light, that 
shineth more and more unto the perfect day." The dis- 
course is said to have been one of the most impressive ever 
delivered in the town of Steelville. 

At the close of the address the funeral procession com- 
menced forming. All passed by the remains and gave a 
last look at the venerated dead, and the coffin was then 
carried from the church and conveyed to Cuba and accom- 
panied to St. Louis for final interment. 

On arriving at the Union Depot in the morning, the 
remains were escorted by a company of Select Knights to 
the undertaking establishment, where they remained under 
charge of a guard of honor until Sunday morning. 

LYING IN state, sT. LOUIS. 

At ten o'clock next morning (Sunday), the body was 
taken from the undertaking establishment of Smithers & 
Waggoner and deposited in the center of Masonic Hallj 

230 Life of Father Upchurch. 

and here it lay in state from ten o'clock until one o'clock 
in the afternoon. Throngs from the various Lodges moved 
slowly through the great Lodge room. The hallways of the 
Temple were crowded, and the streets in the vicinity were 
filled with people. It is estimated that ten thousand people 
passed by the coffin. Upon the casket in the center of the 
Lodge room lay the cap and sword of the venerable founder 
of the Order and valiant Sir Knight, and a floral wreath 
from the Founders Lodge at Steelville, and an anchor from 
Rolla Lodge. Numerous beautiful floral offerings graced 
the Lodge room. On the platform at the end of the hall 
stood four handsome pieces. One, in the form of a shield, 
three feet in height, bore the inscription, "Sixth Regiment 
Select Knights — Father Upchurch, Farewell." A pillow, 
made for the Grand Lodge of California, was composed of 
white and yellow roses, with the word " California " in blue 
immortelles across its face. Anvil Lodge, No. 75, contrib- 
uted a pillow made of white flowers, with the name of the 
Lodge in purple immortelles. The fourth piece was made 
for the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and was a magnificent 
tribute. The central figure was a large anchor passing 
through a shield, with an arched bar above and a straight 
bar below, all composed of the choicest of cut flowers and 
roses of the purest white, egded with ivy leaf On the 
'arched bar at the top w^ere the words, '' Grand Lodge of 
Missouri;" on the shield, 'A. O. U. W.;" on the bottom 
of the anchor, "C H. P.;" and on the straight bar at the 
base, " He Rests Well." The lettering w^as all done in 
purple immortelles. 


At intervals while the procession was passing through the 
hall, the band played solemn dirges. At two o'clock the 

Address of G. M. W. Rogers. 231 

bereaved family wore conducted to seats, and Grand Master 
Workman Rogers ascended the rostrum and delivered the 
following address: — 

"Brethren and Friends: A sad duty has devolved 
to-day upon the brethren of Missouri. We esteem it a high 
privilege that it falls to our lot, when the time has come, to 
lay away in the still, narrow house of death, with loving 
hands and sorrowing hearts, our father. 

"This is not a time for many words from me, called as I 
am to introduce the ceremonies of this occasion as the 
representative of the Grand Lodge of Missouri. 

"Away back in sacred history we read of a time when 
the Saviour of the world was on earth, that he stood 
beside the grave where friends were laying their loved one 
in its last resting-place; and it is not recorded that he 
delivered a funeral oration on that occasion, or that he pro- 
nounced any eulogy upon the dead, but we have only the 
record in these simple and touching words, 'Jesus wept.' 

" We come here to-day to mingle our tears with the tears 
of those who are most bereaved; we come to burn incense 
over the bier of the departed. Gathering as we do under 
our protection and sympathy the widows and orphans of 
our brethren all over the land, we come with them to tender 
our thank-offering and heart-felt gratitude that he has lived. 

'' Wi.h us to-day gather three groups of mourners. First, 
the multitude of widows who in the darkest hour of their 
bereavement, in the day of their deep and hopeless desola- 
tion, saw the first silver light of hope through the works of 
our departed brother, Father Upchurch. Then come the 
thousands of orphans, who see others weep, but know 
not the reason why, not knowing how great has been their 
loss. These, in a later day, when they have passed the 
dangers incident to poverty and want, when they realize the 
benefits they have derived from the work of this good man, 
that they have been saved to useful manhood and woman- 
hood by the instrumentality of the work he began, then 
their thanks will rise up as sweet incense forever, in memory 
of the works of our beloved and now departed father. 

232 Life of Father Upchurch. 

" And there comes another throng lo-day, a stalwart band, 
to mingle their tears with ours. Tim 3 was when the count- 
less multitudes of workers in this land, struggling to provide 
food and shelter for wife and children, looked forward to 
the day of their dissolution, and beheld only darkness and 
a hopeless pall hanging over them; and the thought came to 
them with agony: If 1 die what will become of this wife 
and these little ones ? This question agonized their hearts 
whenever the thought of death would come; but their cry 
was heard, and this quiet, thoughtful man rose from his 
lathe in the machine shop at Meadville, Pennsylvania, and 
said: 'This is the way the poor man may have hope,' and 
when these words were spoken this dark veil was rent in 
twain, and the glorious light of hope beamed through the 
rift, shining before the toiling millions, to light their path- 
way for all ages to come. These countless tliousands come 
here to-day to mingle their tears with ours over the death 
of him who has given hope to the poor man. 

"As I said in the beginning, I will not mock the solem- 
nity of this scene by further words. We, his brethren, with 
the widows and orphans, who have felt his kindly benefac- 
tions; these men, not only those connected with our own 
Order, but all that have grown up since these magic words 
were spoken, meet together around the grave of our ven- 
erated and beloved Father Upchurch, to w^eep. 

The choir then sang, " Asleep in Jesus," and Past Grand 
Master Workman Vincil followed with an oration. 


" Brethren and Fellow-citizens: Day before yester- 
day, in the quiet town of Steelville, Missouri, I enjoyed the 
distinguished privilege of delivering a funeral sermon over 
the remains of our departed friend, Brother Upchurch. 

" I had thought the performance of that duty sufficient 
to exempt me from further responsibility in the matter, but 
my friend and brother. Grand Master Rogers, ordered it 
otherwise; hence I am before you here to join with my 
brethren in offering a further tribute to the memory and 

Oration of P. G. M. W. Vincil. 233 

worth of the departed. And I feel, gentlemen, that I voice 
the grief and the sorrow of a million people at this hour. 
He whose remains lie before us now, belonged, not to our 
own State, nor the State of Pennsylvania, but, when he or- 
ganized the Ancient Order of United Workmen, he became 
cosmopolitan in principle and in character, and belonged 
to humanity. No place should claim him, no State can 
arrogate to itself the honor that he was ours exclusively, 
as he belonged to humanity. The fact being known to 
thousands, that at this hour we are performing funeral 
obsequies in the presence of his remains, I but voice the 
feelings of those thousands when I join with you in this 
tribute of sorrow, mingled with their griefs that our patri- 
archal friend has been taken. We shall see his face no 
more. In the home circle, where his sweet and quiet 
presence was a benediction, in the Lodge, where he was 
honored, in our Supreme Councils, where he was venerated 
— in all these relations and places there will be a sad va- 
cancy. In the touching strains of the war lyrics: — 

' We shall meet but we shall miss him, 
There will be one vacant chair.' 

" I congratulate the Workmen of Missouri, the citizens 
of St. Louis, and the brotherhood of this city on the fact 
that our departed friend and brother has been left, by the 
choice of his family, to sleep among us. Steelville, the 
place of his last residence, where his departing spirit went 
hence; Missouri, as the commonwealth of his adoption; St. 
Louis, as the place where he is to receive honored sepulture, 
may be congratulated that Brother Upchurch lived, and 
died, and sleeps among us. In Steelville went out a life 
that was a blessing to humanity; in the soil of Missouri his 
remains shall sleep, and the Workmen and citizens of St. 
Louis have the privilege and the honor accorded them of 
laying his body to rest in the dreamless quietude of our 
beautiful Bellefontaine. I prize the honor, I cheiish the 

"It was said by one of the wisest men of all time, that 
'a good name is rather to be chosen than great riches.' I 
believe it. For be it known unto you, fellow-citizens, that 

234 Life of Father Upchurch. 

that good name has been accorded to J. J. Upchurch by 
thousands multipUed, and the verdict has never been ques- 

'• It was the dream of Charlemagne to restore the empire 
of the CiBsars, and the hope of King Arthur to revive the 
ancient civiHzation, and embrace humanity in one brother- 
hood, represented by the ' Round Table.' With his good 
sword, 'Excalibur,' Sir Arthur went forth, followed by his 
noble knights, seeking to break the shackles that bound the 
masses, redress the wrongs of the oppressed, and lead 
humanity to a higher plane of development. Brother Up- 
church never wielded a sword, in the carnal sense of that 
word. Brother Upchurch never founded an empire, or led 
armies to battle, or reared grand structures to live on the 
map of time, through the coming years. And though he 
may havebuilded wiser than he knew, he reared one structure 
within whose sacred precincts thousands have found sanctu- 
ary, realizing the rich fruitage of benefaction and of good. 
And to-day, not only a hundred and seventy-five thousand 
warm-hearted and heroic "Workmen follow in his footsteps, 
but thousands of widows and orphans that have been the 
recipients of his benefactions, indirectly, rise up to call him 
blessed, and to honor his name — a name rather to be chosen 
than great riches; greatly to be preferred to gold and silver, 
because of the loving favor with which that name is 

"Thus, brothers and citizens, I offer to-day, in brief, a 
personal tribute, and accord to the memory of the deceased 
my warm appreciation, which was the result of personal 
association, springing from the very tender relationships be- 
tween the deceased and myself. I am glad that on this 
occasion, so memorable in the history of the Order of 
United Workmen in this country, one of the very first men 
enlisted in the work of that Order, at Meadville, Pennsylva- 
nia, Bro. M. W. Sackett, Supreme Recorder, is here to bear 
his part in offering this tribute, and laying upon the coffin 
of our departed founder his wreath of honor. I would that 
some man had been here from among the earlier associates 
of Upchurch, and chosen to fill my place. As one of the 

Oration of P. G. "M. W. Vincil. 

younger and later accessions to the Supreme Lodge of that 
Order, which was founded by him in 1868, I feel that 
another should have performed this delicate task. There 
seemed to be, in those times when our Order was started, a 
demand for a man to meet given conditions, and God pre- 
pared and brought forth the man, and placed him before 
the thought and the attention of the American people. 
And I say to you, fellow-citizens, that the time never was 
more auspicious for the uprising of a leader, and the develop- 
ment of a character to make its impression upon and give 
direction to a beneficent Order, than at that period. Then 
the quiet but active and unpretending workman, amid his 
toils, framed and formulated a system of benefaction for 
our people, that came within the reach of the thousands 
and hundreds of thousands of his countrymen, whose hands 
were hardened by toil, and whose lives were spent in the 
earnest endeavor to make ends meet, and to provide a 
precarious subsistence for their dependent ones. 

"You know, gentlemen, that the time has been, and is 
yet upon us, when an unfortunate conflict between capital 
and labor that produced abrasions, and frictions, and con- 
tests to be deplored, and out of a pernicious, as well as 
false conception of social life has grow^n up a feeling that 
has caused thousands to look down upon the multitude of 
common mortals as mere hewers of wood and drawers of 
water. The consequence has been that the toiler, the 
laboring man, has been placed at a disadvantage, and has 
been forced to look around him for sources of protection 
and of guaranty for his family. As a result, such organiza- 
tions as we represent to-day, born in the brain of an Up- 
church, cradled in the loving arms of those who united with 
him in the formation of the Supreme Lodge, spread through 
the agencies of the Grand Lodges, from the rising of the 
sun in the far East to where it sets in golden splendor on 
the coast of the Pacific. 

" This organization, through the agencies thus put to 
work, has accomplished grand and magnificent results for 
the laboring people of the country. In its incipient history 
it was unpopular, because capital, always jealous, and sensi- 

236 Life of Father tJPCHURCTt. 

tive, and suspicious, looked down upon the name we had 
assumed, and thought because we bore the cognomen of 
'Workmen,' we belonged to that irrepressible class of an- 
archists and destructionists that would strike down pros- 
perity, burn up our cities, and eclipse forever the glories of 
our institutions with the smoke of desolation. They looked 
upon us with contempt; we w^ere called the 'Workingmen's 
Society,' the 'United Workingmen,' and were scorned be- 
cause of that title. But it was not long until other associa- 
tions sprang into being with the same idea, the beneficiary 
feature, and took on all that was peculiar to our society. 
And to popularize their imitations of our Order, they 
assumed foreign titles, and hence it was ' royal,' and 
'knights,' and the 'superb,' and 'legion,' and everything 
else that was taking. 

"I am proud to-day, fellow-citizens, that I belong to an 
organization that bears the simple name of ' Workmen,' 
and that it was christened by working men whose hands 
were hardened by toil; and whose muscles and bones grew 
weary under the restraints of labor. The Ancient Order of 
United Workmen had, as primary objects, the elevation of that 
class of men whose time was occupied in labor, improve 
their morals and their minds, bring them into closer rela- 
tionship with each other, and make what never seemed 
possible before anywhere on the globe, a brotherhood united 
by the trinity of links. Faith, Hope, and Charity. And 
underlying this beautiful trinity, comes that which was the 
watchword of Upchurch, Charity, Hope and Protection. 
This was his work. In the years that we have passed 
since this conception and inspiration, n:iore than one 
hundred and seventy-five thousand have enrolled under its 
banners; more than three hundred and fifty milHons of 
dollars to-day stand pledged as guarantee for the families of 
these one hundred and seventy-five thousand members, and 
the amount of money already paid to widows and orphans 
since the organization was brought into being, added to 
that which is guaranteed as benefits to members' families, 
would amount to four hundred millions of dollars. What 
hath been wrought in these few years! Charlemagne might 

Oration of P. G. M. W. Vincil. 237 

dream of empire, and Arthur hope for the unity represented 
by the 'Round Table,' but here, gentlemen, is practical 
work, resulting not only in brotherhood and fraternity, but 
in real positive benefactions to hundreds of thousands. 
And with such wealth as this and these important results 
accruing, wherever there are tears of sorrow to dry, and 
throbbing hearts to quiet, we are glad to remember him who 
is taken from us so unexpectedly. 

" It remains for us who are living, to bear him to his 
silent resting-place in BcUefontaine, to lay him gently down 
to sleep, remembering that he sleeps well because he sleeps 
in Jesus. I would be untrue to myself, to the occasion, and 
to the character of the man I honor, did I not speak a word 
here of his religious character. Brother Upchurch, while he 
was a humanitarian and a philanthropist, was the highest 
style of man— a Christian gentleman. A little over forty 
years ago he professed faith in Christ, connected himself 
with the Methodist Church, and held the profession of his 
faith and Christian character and standing through all the 
intervening years. The rounding up of that amiable, gentle 
and pure life was to have a minister of Christ kneel at his 
bedside and commend him in prayer and faith to the God 
he loved. Loved in life, revered in death, glorious in im- 
mortality, his works do follow him. In this Jurisdiction, 
where his name is honored and his memory revered, we will 
place our loving tributes upon his grave, and say: 'Sleep, 
patriarch, sleep on — we would not break thy slumber by a 

" If the beautiful statue of Memnon, m response to the 
kiss of a sunbeam, sent forth its sweet tremulos and resonant 
music, will there not be evoked from the living statues of 
human hearts and tender affection, sweeter melocies and 
more dulcet strains as the name of Upchurch is mentioned 
or remembered in the coming time, when the sunshine of 
charity falls upon grateful natures. And though the statue 
we may erect in Bellefontaine be nothing but cold, insen- 
sate marble, yet every morning sunbeam that crowns it with 
beauty shall but portray the simple beauty of his life, and 
furnish a living prophecy of his immortality. That statue 

238 Life of Father Upchurch. 

we propose to raise by the voluntary contributions of one 
hundred and seventy-five thousand of his brethren; and en 
its base we v/ill carve a name, simple, yet sisnificant, * Up- 
church.' Upon its shaft we will carve an open Bible, and 
above it inscribe in golden letters, ' Charity, Hope, and 
Protection/ and on the obverse side write that sweet, gentle 
expression that was characteristic and descriptive of his life: 
' Peace on earth, good-will to men.' With a happy group 
of widows and orphans, whose smile shall brighten with 
every sunbeam, the work \vill be complete. And when the 
sun rises and throws its sheen of beauty over the lovely 
city of the dead — Bellefontaine— let its first kiss touch the 
apex of the Upchurch monument, bathing it in light and 
clothing it in glory — when the golden king of day shall ride 
through the heavens in his chariot of splendor, let the last 
coronation of the Upchurch monument be the sunbeam's 
simple light. 

'' Beautiful his life, Christian his character, solid his fame; 
and down the coming years that name, coupled in grand 
unity with simple deeds, shall point back to the epoch in 
which true philanthropy was born, an Order projected by a 
laboring man, and humanity in the coming centuries, rise up 
and thank God that Upchurch ever lived." 

The casket was then removed by the pall-bearers as follows: 
M. W. Sackett, Supreme Recorder; W. \V. Hanscom, of 
California; L. L. Troy, Past Grand Master, Illinois; B. F. 
Russell of Steelville; Wm. A. Dugan, Grand Master Work- 
man, Pennsylvania; Geo. W. Reed, Past Grand Master 
Workman, Kansas; D. H. Shields, Past Grand Master 
Workman, and B. F. Nelson, Missouri. Then followed the 
mourners, members of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, and 
visitors. Among the latter were M. W, Sackett, Supreme 
Recorder of Pennsylvania; E. W. Tanner and Thos. Erwin, 
representing Jefferson Lodge, No. i, of Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, the original lodge established by Upchurch in 
1868; Ignatz Baum, Grand Master Workman; Fred Beck, 

Conclusion. 239 

Past Grand Foreman, and W. C. Gallaway, Chairman 
Finance Committee of the Grand Lodge of Illinois; M. 
H. Fuqua, Jas. li. Tiefenbrun, R. L. Wilson, of St. Joseph 
Lodge, No. 249, and W. A. Wyatt, Chas. T. Minturn and 
Wm. Page, Pride of the West Lodge, No. 42, of St. Joseph, 
Missouri; T. D. Smith, Newburg, Missouri; C. A. Herb, 
N. L. Winter, W. H. Helmein, L. Fager, A. Sotier, A. F. 
Erbeck and J. G. Quigley, of Alton, Illinois. Steelville, 
Missouri, the home of the deceased, was represented by B. 
F. Russell, Thos. Everson, E. A. Bass, J. T. Haley, Chas. 
Adair, A. J. Pinas, T. R. Gibson, J. F. Evans, J. A. 
Headrick, P. D. Cooper, J. W. Houston, and John Hanafm. 
The hearse was drawn by four horses caparisoned in black. 
The funeral car proceeded from Seventh and Market to 
Walnut, on Fourth to Washington Avenue, Fourteenth to 
Locust, and on Locust to Leffingwell, where carriages were 
in waiting to convey delegations from each Lodge to Belle- 
fontaine, where the body was laid to its long rest. 


There have doubtless been grander funerals, and more 
imposing pageants than that which followed the remains of 
the venerable founder to their last resting-place. But it 
has seldom fallen to the lot of mortal, to have more sincere 
mourners than those who gathered round the grave in beau- 
tiful Bellefontaine, in the gathering twilight of that winter 
evening, to gaze their last on John Jordan Upchurch, the 
Father of The Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

Incidents in the History of the Order. 

John Jordan Upchurch, founder of the Order, was born 
in FrankUn County, North CaroHna, March 26, 1820. 

Order estabHshed, Meadville, Pennsylvania, October 27, 

Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania organized July 14, 1869. 

Division among the Pennsylvania Lodges December 10, 

Reconciliation of the Lodges January 14, 1873. 

First Supreme Lodge convened February ii, 1873. 

Grand Lodge of Indiana suspended September 17, 1875. 

Grand Lodge of Indiana restored April 6, 1876. 

Institution of the Order of Select Knights, by Clark D. 
Knapp, Buffalo, N. Y., 1880. 


In 1878 there were seventy-six deaths from the yellow 
fever epidemic; forty-seven in Tennessee, and twenty-nine 
in the Supreme Lodge Jurisdiction. To meet the extraor- 
dinary demand caused by this increased mortality, the 
Supreme Lodge authorized relief calls on all the Grand 
Jurisdictions. These were reluctantly paid by some, and 
refused by Iowa. Delays were requested and granted, till, 
on February 7, 1882, the Grand Lodge of Iowa, at Cedar 
Rapids, formally refused to meet the Supreme Lodge call. 

March i, 1882, Supreme Master Workman Wm. H. 
Baxter revoked the Charter and suspended the Grand 
Lodge of Iowa. May 16, 1882, Loyal Grand Lodge of 
Iowa re-instated at Marshaltown, Iowa. 

April 10, 1885, Father Upchurch invited to visit Califor- 
nia. Arrived at San Francisco June 23, 1885. Reached 
home September 14, 1885. Visited Boston and Philadel- 
phia October, 1886. Died, Steelville, Missouri, January 18, 
188 . 


It would seem, that in the compilation of this book, the edi- 
tor's task would be incomplete without some account of the 
memorial exercises held in respect to the subject of it. 
We shall therefore as a fitting appendix add some such ac- 
count of services rendered in honor of his memory by his 
loving children of the Pacific Slope in the Grand Jurisdic- 
tion of California. On Tuesday, January i8, the news of 
his death was received in San Francisco. 

Wednesday morning, Grand Master Workman Danforth, 
Past Grand Master Workman Barnes, Deputy Grand Mas- 
ter Workman Poland, Grand Recorder Pratt and Past Mas- 
ter Workman Dewey representing the Pacific States Watch- 
v'ia?t, met in the office of the Grand Recorder, and after a brief 
informal talk. Grand Master Workman Danforth decided to 
issue a call for a meeting to take proper action on the death of 
Father Upchurch. Accordingly the following invitation 
was drawn up, to be forwarded to all Past Grand Master 
Workmen, Master Workmen, District Deputies, Legion 
Commanders of the Select Knights, and the officers of the 
Grand Lodge and Legions in San Francisco: — 

" You are hereby earnestly requested to be present, with- 
out fail, at 32 O'Farrell Street, on Friday evening, the 21st 
inst, at eight o'clock P. M., for the purpose of making 
arrangements for a meeting to pay a fitting tribute to the 
memory of Father Upchurch. E. Danforth, 

Grand Master lVork?ne7i" 

Pursuant to-the above notice, delegates from most of the 
16 • (241) 

242 Life of Father Upchurch. 

San Francisco Lodges met at the time and place designated. 
Grand Master Danforth presided and Past Grand Master 
Barnes acted as Secretary. After discussing the feasibility 
of erecting a monument, the matter was relegated for con- 
sideration by the Subordinate Lodges, and the following 
were appointed a committee to make arrangements for a 
memorial service: Past Grand Master Workman William H. 
Barnes, Past Grand Master Workman J. T. Rogers, Samuel 
M. Shortridge, Grand Commander Select Knights, Past 
Master Workman E. M. Reading and Past Master Work- 
man James N. Block. 


The committee appointed Sunday afternoon, February 
13, and the Grand Opera House on Mission Street, as the 
time and place for holding the memorial services. Past 
Master Workman Bro. J. N. Young, of Sacramento, was re- 
quested to deliver the eulogy. Past Master Workman Dr. M. 
S. Levy, of Oakland, to act as Chaplain, and Past Master 
Workman Sam Booth, of Excelsior, No. 126, San Francisco, 
as poet of the occasion. In the meantime appropriate 
action was being taken by Subordinate Lodges in their in- 
dividual capacity all over the country. Notably by Key- 
stone Lodge, No. 61, of Oakland, and Excelsior, No. 126, of 
San Francisco. The latter held a regular memorial service in 
its Lodge hall, January 27, when Past Grand Master J. T. 
Rogers and Wm. H. Barnes delivered eloquent eulogies, 
and Bro. E. Knowlton of that Lodge read an original poem. 


In response to the action of Keystone Lodge, the first to 
meet, the Lodges of Alameda County held a joint memorial 
service in the Colosseum, Oakland, Sunday afternoon, Feb- 
ruary 6. 

Oakland Memorial Service. 243 

The stage was occupied by E. B. Marston, Past Master 
Workman; Hon. W. H. Jordan, Supreme Foreman; Edwin 
Danforth, Grand Master Workman of the State of Califor- 
nia; Wm. H. Barnes, Past Grand Master Workman; Rev. 
Dr. Akerly, E. F. Loud, Grand Foreman; H. G. Pratt, 
founder of the Order in California and Grand Recorder; E. 
M. Reading, Secretary Workmen's Guarantee Fund Associa- 
tion and Past Grand Commander Select Knights; J. N. 
Young, Past Master Workman of Sacramento, Sam Booth 
and other members of the Grand Lodore. 


The services were opened with singing the anthem, 
" Trusting," by a double quartette of male voices, under 
the direction of Bro. W. H. Kinross. A prayer by Rev. 
Dr. Akerly followed and then the singing of the funeral ode, 
written for the occasion by Bro. Sam Booth, of Excelsior 
Lodge, the music having been composed by Brother Kin- 


Bowed in sorrow here we come 
Round about our Father's tomb. 
To bedew his lowly bier 
With the tribute of a tear. 

Never more his cordial grasp 
Will return our loving clasp. 
Never more in speech or song 
Will respond his tuneful tongue. 

Pain and sorrow all are past, 
Peacefully he rests at last; 
All his toil and labor done, 
Gained the crown, the victory won. 

Soon, ah soon, we too shall be 
In the grave as low as he. 
May we too in glory rise 
To the bliss beyond the skies. 

244 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Hon. Wm. H. Jordan, Supreme Foreman, eloe|uently de- 
livered the euLogy, from which the following sentiments are 
taken: — 

" It is under peculiar circumstances that I undertake this 
duty, for besides being intimately associated with the de- 
ceased in the w^ork of the Order, he was also a warm, per- 
sonal friend. As a vessel that has completed a storm-tossed 
voyage is brought safely into the peaceful harbor to rest, so 
Father Upchurch has found his rest in the harbor above. 
All that is mortal of him has been given unto dust. Pre- 
eminent among his virtues was his love for humanity, and 
as of Abou Ben Adhem of old the angels of light above 
have WTitten that he loved his fellow-men. The story of his 
life may be quickly told. He was born May 26, 1820, on a 
farm in Franklin County, Virginia. While a boy he learned 
mechanics, and when twenty-one was married and went to 
keeping a hotel He afterward returned to his trade, and 
going to Philadelphia became master mechanic in the shops 
of one of the early railroad companies, when railroading 
was yet in a rather primitive stage. During a strike on 
the road there v/ere formed in his mind the ideas which 
years afterward resulted in the successful foundation of this 
society. In 1864 the League of Freedom, of which he was 
a member, resolved to give up its charter and disband. 

He seized the opportunity to express the ideas which had 
so long inspired him and to present the scheme which he 
believed would lead to a great organization and prove a 
blessing to his fellow-men. There and then was formed the 
first Lodge of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
The little society w^as nearly disrupted by dissensions at the 
start, but 


And from the thirteen who formed that first organization 
the present vigorous Order has grow^n. The founder's idea 
w^as at first to form a society in which would unite employer 
and employed; and in which they could talk over their re- 
lations and differences and strive for the elevation of labor. 
For five years the society slumbered, growing but slowly 

Oakland Memorial Service. 245 

and being disturbed more or less by dissensions. Father 
Upchurch found it necessary to modify his plans somewhat 
as he gained experience. He found that he could not bring 
employer and employed together in the manner he had 
planned, and he turned his attention to making it a blessing 
to the families of those who were members, engrafting in 
the plcTn of the society the beneficiary feature. This has 
since proved the main corner-stone of the greatness the 
society has since achieved. His experience, wisdom and 
counsel were always at the command of the Order, and he 
was always ready to sacrifice self and honors for the good of 
the society. On the i8th of January a telegram reached 
this city announcing his death. A few days after, in the 
city of St. Louis, his body was laid away in the cemetery _ of 
Bellefontaine, and among the wealth of floral tributes which 
buried and surrounded his casket none were as beautiful 
and magnificent as the one sent by the Grand Lodge of 
California. His loss is mourned to-day by one hundred and 
eighty thousand men who compose this Order, and by two 
mtllion families whose lives have been brightened by the 
light he created. We shall miss him for years to come; 
we shall listen for the kindly tones of his voice and hear 
them not; we shall look for the simple form of the grand 
old man and shall feel for the warm clasp of his kindly 
hand, and miss them both, and as I think of him come to 
my mind the beautiful words of the poet: — 

Break, break, break, 

On thy cold gray stones, O sea! 
And I \yould that my tongue could utter 

The thoughts that arise in me. 

Oh well for the fisherman's boy, 

That he shouts with his sister at play! 

Oh well for tlie sailor lad, 

That he sings in his boat on the bay. 

And the stately ships go on 

To their haven under the hill; 
But oh for the touch of a vanished hand, 

And the sound of a voice that is still! 

246 Life of Father Upchurcft. 

Break, break, break, 

At the foot of thy crags, O sea! 
But the tender grace of a day that is dead 

Will never come back to me. 

At the close of the eulogy the choir sang the beautiful 
anthem, "Not Dead, but Sleeping." Grand Master Work- 
man Edwin Danforth followed in a brief but eloquent address, 
in the course of which he said: — 

" Of all the beautiful floral tributes which were sent on 
the occasion of the funeral of Father Upchurch, the one 
from California was selected by the widow to take with her 
to her desolate home. Father Upchurch, like many others, 
did not reap the full reward of his labors in this world and 
his widow was left in a degree destitute. We in California 
are expected to respond liberally at some future time, in 
aiding in the erection of a fitting monument to the deceased 
and in rendering substantial aid to the widow." 

Past Grand Master Workman Wm. H. Barnes was then 
introduced. He commenced with the beautiful lines: — 

''There is a reaper whose name is Death. 
And with his sickle keen. 
He reaps the bearded grain at a breath, 
And the flowers that grow between." 

" To-day we are in grief. Let memory go back and think 
if ever in the history of the world such a tribute has been 
paid to any citizen as that which is being paid to the mem- 
ory of John J. Upchurch to-day. The world delights to 
honor such men. As the changing cycles of time revolve, 
there will be found engraven upon the eternal tablets of 
memory the name of John J. Upchurch. You can raise 
monuments of bronze to the memory of man, but Time, 
with his corroding finger, will crumble them. If you write 
upon the hearts of the people you write upon monuments 
which shall endure until earth reels in the wreck of matter, 
and crumbles into dust. Upchurch has written an epitaph 

Oakland Memorial* Service. 247 

for himself which shall never fade while time shall last. 
Who will ever think of Upchurch as dead ? Our Legisla- 
ture did one of the most grateful and graceful acts in the 
history of the State upon the day when, hearing that John 
J. Upchurch was dead, and recognizing him proudly as a 
man who loved his fellow-men, they passed a resolution and 
adjourned in respect to his memory. \Vhen Father Up- 
church was in California he won the hearts of all, and in a 
letter after his return he said: *' When you go to see the boys, 
bear to them my good wishes and good- will. Everybody 
treats me so well, and with so much kindness, but there is 
only one California and I hope to spend the last of my 
days there.'' We all know how reluctantly he left us, and 
we have been planning to bring him here to end his days 
among us. But our desires have been frustrated. It has 
pleased the Grand Father to take him home. We bid him 
farewell, but not good-bye, for men like him never die. He 
leaves behind him that fraternal affection which will survive 
all time, and we feel almost as though he were with us still. 

" Only gone on, only gone on a little ahead of us, and we 
shall all soon follow. He has been welcomed at the great 
white throne and even now is looking down upon us with 
his old sweet smile, sweeter than when he was with us here 
on earth. 

" Good-bye, old friend, so far as this earth is concerned. 
Good-bye, genial, old man; good-bye, father of our Order. 
One hundred and eighty thousand men remain behind you 
pledged to the work you left behind, and we will work and 
toil, following in your footsteps until there shall be no more 
sorrow and no more want to relieve, no broken hearts to 
bind up, no tears to dry; living in the beautiful creed of our 
Order and practicing to the best of our ability its precepts 
of Charity, Hope, and Protection." 

At the close of Mr. Barnes's address the choir sang the 
beautiful song, "Rest, Spirit, Rest;" the services commem- 
orative of one of the noblest of God's creatures came to a 
close and the vast audience quietly dispersed. 

248 Life of Father Upchurch. 

SAN Francisco's tribute. 

According to the arrangements made by the Committee 
on Memorial in San Francisco, the Grand Officers and 
those invited to participate in the services, met in the office 
of the Grand Recorder at half past one o'clock Sunday 
afternoon, February 13. From thence they were escorted 
to the Grand Opera House by six legions of Select Knights 
under the command of W. H Graves, of Oakland Legion, 
No. 3, who acted in place of Grand Commander S. M. 
Shortridge, who was sick, Past Grand Commander E. M. 
Reading being Commander of the day. Arriving at the 
theater, the Grand Officers and their escort filed upon the 

The spacious auditorium and boxes were filled by Work- 
men, their wives and families, of the various Lodges of the 
city and neighboring towns; and the servicej opened by the 
orchestra playing " Nearer my God to Thee." Past Grand 
Master Workman William H. Barnes, in his capacity of 
Chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, conducted 
the services and introduced Grand Master Workman Ed- 
win Danforth, who spoke as follows: — 

" Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen, and Fel- 
low-Workmen: Death is always an unwelcome visitor in 
our homes. During the past year he has entered ten thou- 
sand homes within the national jurisdiction of this Order. 
One who was beloved by all of us now lies in the city of the 
silent dead on the other side of the continent; and we are 
here to pay respect to his memory His death has brought 
sorrow to the hearts of Workmen, but we know that he has 
gone to his rest. When the news of his death was flashed 
across the country, some Lodges favored the erection of a 
monument to his memory, others thought that such action 
should be taken by the Grand Lodge, and others were 
inclined to leave this matter of respect to be provided for 

San Francisco's Tribute. 249 

by the National Order. But whatever may be done in this 
direction, it is for us to remember that in death he still 
speaks to us and admonishes us to do our full duty as Work- 
men, and to follow the noble example that he has given us." 

Dr. M. S. Levy, in a most earnest and eloquent prayer, 
ihvoked the Divine blessing. The choir of Calvary Church 
then sang with exquisite taste and feeling the ode written by 
Sam Booth to music composed for it by Prof. Gustav A. 
Scott. Bro. J'. N. Young, of Sacramento, was then intro- 
duced and pronounced the eulogy as follows: — 

"Mr. President, Ladies and Brethren: — 

" ' To live in hearts we leave behind, is not to die.' 

"John J. Upchurch was born March 26, 1820. The 
early part of his life was devoted to acquiring an education 
and a knowledge of mechanical arts. 

"At the age of twenty-one he married the companion of 
his life, to whom he was fondly devoted. 

" A short time thereafter we find him a skilled mechanic 
in the railroad shops of the Pennsylvania Railro-id Com- 
pany, appreciated and highly respected by his employers 
and fellow-workmen. 

" From there he went to take charge of the mechanical 
department of the Schuylkill Railroad Company, where he 
also distinguished himself by his skill and abiHty in his em- 
ployment, by his considerate treatment of his fellow-laborers, 
and by his marked fidelity to his employers. 

"When at the beginning of the late war the employes of 
the Schuylkill company struck and were obstructing the 
governmental use of the road, the United States Govern- 
ment ordered J. J. Upchurch to take charge of the road and 
to conduct its affairs. Under his administration the men 
almost immediately returned to their employment, and 
heartily seconded his every known effort. 

"From there he went, in 1868, to take charge of the 
railroad shops at Meadville, Pennsylvania. . 

" For years he had been painfully impressed with the 

250 Life of Father Upchurch. 

idea that employers were not sufficiently interested in the 
wants and welfare of laboring men. He now determined to 
devise some plan to bring employer and employe into 
closer and more friendly relations with each other. 

" He accordingly acquainted the men under him with his 
wishes and plans in that direction. As a result of their 
conference, on the 27th day of October, 1868, the first 
Lodge of the Ancient Order of United Workmen was formed. 
Its membership consisted of thirteen ijjen, many of whom 
had but the crudest notion and the slightest appreciation of 
the objects and aims in view. 

" It was an experiment at best. To bring about the de- 
sired mutuality between labor and capital from opposite 
poles of interest was as physically impossible then as it is 
now. Upon this rock many of the leading statesmen of the 
most civilized nations of the world have wrecked their 
fondest theories. It remained for the subsequently adopted 
beneficiary feature of our Order to demonstrate to the 
world that this much-to-be-desired object may be attained 
by mutual co-operation. And to-day, the most advanced 
minds of political economists are fast coming to the con- 
clusion that in the mutual interest arising from co-operation 
lies the solution of the difficult problems which to-day 
agitate the political and commercial world. 

" Five years of experience and close observation fully 
convinced the founder of our Order of the failure of his 
then first purpose. These w^ere five years of great mental 
anxiety. Dissensions among men who had not yet learned 
the value of mutual concessions and fraternal relations 
greatly retarded the growth of the Order, circumscribed its 
influence and at times even threatened to disrupt the organi- 

" With ever changing fortunes, but never disheartened, 
our brother tenaciously clung to his purpose of permanently 
establishing our Order, which he knezu^ even if he could not 
unite the desired classes, would, in time, become one of the 
greatest blessings to mankind. 

" His large heart and generous impulses did not, how- 
ever, stop at the Lodge room, nor end with the members of 

San Francisco's Tribute. 251 

the Order. When he saw the widows and orphans of 
deceased brothers, deprived of their stay and support, in 
their sadness struggHng with poverty and want, he deter- 
mined that they too should be cared for. For this purpose 
he devised the beneficiary feature of the Order by which, 
upon the death of a brother, his family, or those dependent 
upon him, should immediately receive, without abatement 
or expense, the sum of two thousand dollars, free from all 
claims against the estate of the decedent. 

"In this feature of our beloved Order, the 'soft- winged 
angel of mercy came to suffering and sorrowing humanity 
with words and works of comfort and cheer, which com- 
mand the richest blessings of Heaven, and go up as sweet 
incense before Almighty God. Verily, when the good deeds 
done upon earth shall come to be gathered into the grana- 
ries of the saints, that of Father Upchurch, however great 
its dimensions, will be filled to overflowing. 

" From that little Spartan band of thirteen, who less than 
twenty years ago met in their crude hall with their yet 
cruder notions, this, our Order, has so grown in influence, 
wealth, and power, that to-day, like the mighty banyan tree, 
whose wide-spreading branches sending down their numer-"" 
ous supports form a natural shield and protection for the 
flocks and herds which congregate beneath its ample um- 
brage, its supporting Lodges are planted all over this fair 
land, and beneath its protecting yEgis it numbers not less 
than one hundred and eighty thousand active members, while 
it extends its Heaven-born talisman of Charity, Hope, and 
Protection over more than a million of beneficiaries to whom 
it now annually dispenses more than three million dollars, 
exclusive of charities and fraternal amenities. 

" And to-day, all over this land, wherever a weary and 
worn Workman looks for the last time upon his sorrowing 
wife and soon to be bereaved family, conscious that he, 
their stay and support, is bidding them a last farewell, realizing 
that the brethren of his Lodge wull shield and protect his 
widow and orphans, and that that policy lying there in full 
view will provide for their present wants and necessities, 
{ind enable them to cling together at least during the sad, 

252 Life of Father Upchurch. 

yes saddest period of a family's existence, satisfied he rests 
his aching head and fevered brow upon that pillow of death, 
and from the depths of a heart overflowing with gratitude, 
thanks Heaven for giving to the world a J. J. Upchurch, 
and through him to us so beneficent an Order. 

"On the i8th day of January, 1887, the electric spark 
with lightning speed conveyed the sad intelligence all over 
the continent that " J. J. Upchurch is dead." 

' ** ' God's finger touched him and he slept.' 

'* * A sleep that no pain shall wake, 
Night that no moon shall break, 
* Till joy shall overtake 

His perfect calm.' 

" Such in brief, are the principal events connected with 
the life of that great and good man. 

" When we turn to the pages of mythology, or history, sacred 
or profane, we find stamped upon almost every page the 
unmistakable Ishmaelitish character of the human race, 
"His hand against every man, and every man's hand against 
him." Whether we reflect upon the fratricidal conduct of 
Cain; the age of great men of valor and mighty men of w^ar; 
the Trojan, Palestinian and Athenian epochs; the Babylon- 
ian, Median and Assyrian strifes; the Persian, Grecian, 
Roman or Carthaginian high-handed and reckless decima- 
tion of human life, or the Macedonian rivers of blood; the 
sanguinary contests of the Cassars; the slain millions of the 
Crusades or more reprehensible butcheries of the Roses; 
the clash of arms or the roar of cannon at a Cressy, Poictiers 
or Waterloo, or the more speedy devastation of more 
modern warfare, all — all proclaim in unmistakable terms the 
brutal antagonisms of man unrestrained. 

" But to-day I behold, as in a vision, emerging from this 
murky cloud of devastation and ruin, a mighty army clothed 
in the habiliments of peace, upon their banners, emblazoned 
in characters of living light, that divine precept of justice : 
' As ye would that others should do to you, do ye even so 
unto them,' in their practice encouraging inJustry, stimu- 
lating mental and moral culture, promoting philanthropy. 

San Francisco's Tribute. 253 

rendering mutual aid and assistance to each otlier, and 
guarding their families from suffering by want. I see their 
numbers increasing until by thousands and tens of thou- 
sands they spread out over all the land. All nations, 
tongues, and kindreds feel the benefit of their influence and 
power. An aromatic halo lights up the horizon of their 
progress and sends forth a sweet incense both healing to 
man and pleasing to God. 

" As this mighty army of peace, exerting its beneficent 
influences, passes by into future ages and generations, need 
I ask you whether he who has borne so important a part in 
bringing about these salutary results ought to be written 
down in the history of the human race as a great and a 
good man? 

" He was unconsciously great. His frank, open expres- 
sion of countenance, and modest, unassuming demeanor, 
especially under embarrassing circumstances, were calcu- 
lated to leave tlie impression upon the mind of the casual 
observer of child-like simplicity bordering upon mental in- 
efficiency. Such, however, was not the true status of the 

" It was only when he was free from the gaze of admiring 
brothers seeking to do him honor, or other distracting sur- 
roundings, that his true depth of soul, his broad and com- 
prehensive scope of mind, were permitted to do justice to 
his solid judgment, his generous nature, and his fine execu- 
tive ability. 

" One thing which especially impressed itself upon my 
mind was the tenacity with which he clung to whatever lie 
believed to be right. Living to see the full fruition of his 
labors, life to him was one continuous stream of joy. For 
him to live was happiness ; to die was gain. How fittingly 
may it be said of such a man: — 

" ' An old age serene and bright. 
And lovely as a Lapland night, 
Shall lead thee to thy grave.' 

" Contrast with his, the life of a man whose objects and 
aims a^l terminate in self, and who, becoming surfeited with 
the pleasures of this world, looks upon death as an escape 

254 Life of Father QpcHURCit. 

from vanity and vexation of spirit, or as Hamlet more aptly 
puts it: — 

"'To die, — to sleep, — no more; and, by a sleep, to say we 
end the heart-ache, and the thousand natural shocks 

'* ' That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation devoutly to be wish'd.' 

" In 1885, as our guest we welcomed him. He reluc- 
tantly took his departure from us. Thereafter his heart 
never ceased to yearn for California. But his journeyings 
on earth are past. His labors of love are ended. 

*' * His soul is landed on that silent shore 

Where billows never break nor tempests roar.' " 

The choir then sang, " Beyond the smiling and the weep- 
ing," with fine effect, and " I know that my Redeemer liveth," 
after which Brother Barnes read the poem written for the 
occasion by Bro. Samuel Booth: — 

With head bowed low and solemn step and slow, 
And heart subdued beneath its weight of woe. 
Like orphaned children to their father's bier, 
We come to pay the tribute of a tear. 

Low lies the head which was so wise to plan 
Relief and comfort for his brother man. 
And pulseless now the good, great heart, and still, 
That beat for others' good and thought no ill; 
Closed now the kindly eyes whose cheerful smile 
Indexed a spirit that was free from guile. 
Still, too, the cunning hand, which deftly wrought 
The generous impulse of his kindly thought — 
A heart so big that it could comprehend 
Mankind as brothers and each one his friend — 
The hand whose honest grasp we'll ne'er forget, 
For in our own it seems to linger yet. 

Not like a warrior borne upon his shield 
From slaughtered foes on bloody battle-field, 
With all his shining trophies on his breast, 
Was he consigned unto his final rest. 
With roar of gun and roll of muffled drum 
And martial dirges sounding o'er his tomb. 

San Francisco's Tribute. 255 

Not like a statesman to his rest he passed, 
Whose words roused nations like a trumpet blast, 
And o'er whose dust resounds the grand Te Deum 
Along the vault of mighty mausoleum. 

But though his birth was humble and obscure, 
And though his life was spent among the poor. 
And though no king-at-arms proclaimed his fame, 
Nor wealth nor titles dignified his name, 
And though no kindly hands upon him laid 
With knightly sword, the knightly Acolade, 
Grander than all the names by kings conveyed 
Was the good name which for himself he made; 
And no distinction doth transcend, nor can. 
The simple grandeur of an Honest Man. 

Though knowledge to his longing was denied, 
And his book learning not profound nor wide, 
His battle with the world, its wrongs and strife, 
Made him acquainted with the Book of Life. 
He saw the follies of mankind with pain, 
And strove to lift them to a higher plane. 
He saw them suffering, and their own worst foes, 
And pity swelled his great heart for their woes. 
He saw how, front to front, in hate they stood, 
And strove to weld them all in brotherhood. 
"Each for himself," he saw the world did teach ; 
He taught them " Each for all, and all for each." 
Though little skilled in creeds and 'ologies. 
His heart brimmed o'er with kindliest sympathies, 
Though knowing naught of churchly discipline, 
His clean soul shrank instinctively from sin; 
And though unorthodox, he spent his days 
Modestly walking in the Master's ways. 
Like a ripe sheaf of corn the reapers come. 
He passed in triumph to the Harvest Home. 
As a good workman lays his tools aside, 
His work well done, good Father Upchurch died. 

And so, with solemn chant and funeral bells, 
We strew his grave with blooming immortelles, 

256 Life of Father Upchurch. 

In token that his life, though ended here 
Is still continued in a holier sphere, 
Thanking the great All Father that he gave, 
To be our guide, a friend so true and brave. 
Though in the body dead, may he still be 
In all our souls a living memory, 
To^animate in every heart and mind 
A larger love for all of human kind. 
And may the precious seed, which he did sow 
With so much pain and loving labor, grow, 
As years roll on, to such proportions vast 
That all mankind shall brothers be at last. 

Doctor Levy then pronounced the benediction, and thus 
concluded the last sad rites sacred to the memory of him 
beneath whose name 

The recording angel's pen could trace, 
" He was the benefactor of the race." 


It has been deemed advisable to compile as an appropri- 
ate addendum to this book, a list of the officers elected at 
each annual session of the Supreme Lodge of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen since its organization; a list of 
the various Grand Lodges in the order of their institution, 
together with a page of important incidents in the history 
of the Order, the whole forming a tabulated epitome of 
such information as would be useful for reference to mem- 
bers of the Order. 


First Supreme Lodge met at Cincinnati, Ohio, February 
II, 1873. Three Grand Lodges, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and 
Kentucky, represented by fifteen delegates. Officers elected: 
Past Supreme Master Workman, W. H. Comstock, of Penn- 
sylvania; Supreme Master Workman, W. W. Walker, of 
Pennsylvania; Supreme Foreman, John I. Becktol, of Ohio; 
Supreme Overseer, R. D. Handy, of Kentucky; Supreme 
Guide, J. W. H. Searles, of Kentucky ; Supreme Recorder, 
J. B. Steeves, of Kentucky; Supreme Receiver, Louis 
Koester, of Ohio; Supreme Watchman, J. Mi McNair, 
of Pennsylvania. Total membership about eight hundred. 

Second Session Supreme Lodge met at Pittsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, March 10, 1874. Six Grand Lodges represented: 
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Iowa and New 
York. Officers elected: Supreme Master Workman, R. D. 
Handy, of Kentucky ; Supreme Foreman, G. F. Cookerly, 
of Indiana: Supreme Overseer, W. S. Black, of Pennsyl- 
vania; Supreme Guide, H. N. Berry, of Iowa; Supreme 
Recorder, Wm. Martindale, of Indiana; Supreme Receiver, 

17 (257) 

258 Life of Father Upchurch. 

L. C. Squires, of New York; Supreme Watchman, S. B. Low- 
enstein, of Ohio ; Past Supreme Master Workman, W. W. 
Walker, of Pennsylvania. Total membership about two 

Third Annual Session of Supreme Lodge met at 
Indianapolis, March i6, 1875. Six Grand Lodges repre- 
sented : Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Iowa, and 
New York. Officers elected: Supreme Master Workman, 
J. M. McNair, of Pennsylvania ; Supreme Foreman, S. F. 
Griffey, Indiana; Supreme Overseer, S. B. Lowenstein, 
Ohio ; Supreme Guide, Edwin Elmore, New York ; Su • 
preme Watchman, L. Koester, Ohio ; Supreme Recorder, 
J. B. Steeves, Kentucky ; Supreme Receiver, Ben. Davis, 
Indiana; Supreme Trustee, C. Shryock, Kentucky; Past 
Supreme Master Workmen, R. D. Handy, Kentucky. 

Fourth Annual Session of Supreme Lodge met at 
Covington, Kentucky, March 24, 1876. Six Grand Lodges 
represented, Pennsylvania: Ohio, Kentucky, Iowa, New York, 
and Illinois. Officers elected : Supreme Master Workman, 
C. Shryock, Kentucky; Supreme Foreman, O. J. Noble, 
Iowa; Supreme Overseer, Thos. Curry, Ohio ; Supreme 
Recorder, Edwin Elmore, New York; Supreme Receiver, 
B. Davis, Indiana ; Supreme Guide, O. P. Titcomb, Illinois, 
Supreme Watchman, A. J. Francis, Kentucky ; Supreme 
Trustees, D. L. Stephenson, Iowa, and A. R. Link, Indiana; 
Past Supreme Master Workman, J. M. McNair, Pennsylva- 

Fifth Annual Session of Supreme Lodge met at 
Chicago, Illinois, March 20, 1877. Ten Grand Lodges 
represented : Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Minnesota, 
Missouri, New York, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin. 
Officers elected : Supreme Master Workman, Samuel B. 
Myers, Pennsylvania; Supreme Foreman, Thos. H. Curry, 
Ohio ; Supreme Overseer, Chas. O. Thomas, Tennessee; 
Supreme Recorder, Henry N. Berry, Iowa; Supreme Re- 
ceiver, S. S. Davis, Ohio; Supreme Guide, O. P. Titcomb, 
Illinois; Supreme Watchman, A. J. Francis, Kentucky; 
Supreme Trustees, A. R. Link, Indiana, D. L. Stephenson, 

Supreme Lodge Meetings. 259 

Iowa, and Ben. Davis, Indiana; Past Supreme Master 
Workman, C Shryock, Kentucky. 

Sixth Annual Session Supreme Lodge met at St. 
Louis, Missouri, March 19, 1878. Thirteen Grand Lodges 
represented : New York, Michigan, Iowa, Indiana, Minne- 
sota, CaUfornia, lUinois, Ohio, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, 
Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee. Officers elected : Supreme 
Master Workman, M. W. Sackett, Pennsylvania ; Supreme 
Foreman, Leroy Andrus, New York; Supreme Overseer, 
Wm. C. Richardson, Missouri; Supreme Recorder, PIcnry 
N. Berry, Iowa; Supreme Receiver, S. S. Davis, Ohio; 
Supreme Guide, O. P. Titcomb, Illinois; Supreme Watch- 
man, H. C. Heath, Wisconsin; Supreme Trustees, D. L. 
Stephenson, Iowa; Benj. Davis, Indiana, and Monroe 
Sheire, ]\Iinnesota; Past Supreme Master Workman, Samuel 
B. Myers, Pennsylvania. 

Seventh Annual Session Supreme Lodge met at 
Nashville, Tennessee, March 18, 1879. Eighteen Grand 
Lodges represented : Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, In- 
diana, Iowa, New York, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, Wis- 
consin, Tennessee, Michigan, California, Georgia, Kansas, 
Ontario, Massachusetts, and Oregon. Officers elected : M. 
W. Sackett, Past Suj^reme Master Workman; Supreme 
Master Workman, John Frizzell, of Tennessee; Supreme 
Foreman, Roderick Rose, of Iowa; Supreme Overseer, M. 
W. Fish, of California; Supreme Recorder, M. W. Sackett, 
of Pennsylvania; Supreme Receiver, S. S. Davis, of Ohio; 
Supreme Guide, PI. C. Heath, of Wisconsin; Supreme 
Watchman, E. W. Boynton, of Illinois; Supreme Trustees, 
Benjamin Davis, of Indiana, Monroe Sheire, of Minnesota, 
and Leroy Andrus, of New York. Total membership sixty- 
two thousand four hundred and ninety-three. 

Eighth Annual Session of Supreme Lodge met at 
Boston, Massachusetts, March 16, 1880. Twenty-one 
Grand Lodges represented: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, 
Indiana, Iowa, New York, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, 
Wisconsin, Tennessee, Michigan, California, Georgia, 
Kansas, Ontario, Oregon, Massachusetts, Maryland, Texas, 

260 Life of Father Upchurch. 

and Nevada. Officers elected: Past Supreme Master 
Workman, John Frizzell; Supreme Master Workman, 
Roderick Rose, Iowa; Supreme Foreman, M. W. Fish, 
California; Supreme Overseer, Theo. A. Case, New York; 
Supreme Recorder, M. W. Sackett, Pennsylvania; Supreme 
Receiver, S. S. Davis, Ohio; Supreme Guide, Hugh 
Doherty, Massachusetts; Supreme Watchman, R. H. Flan- 
ders, Georgia; Suprem.e Trustees, Monroe Sheire, Min- 
nesota; Leroy Andrus, New York, and Alex. McLean, Illi- 
nois. Total membership, March i, 1880, seventy-eight 
thousand four hundred and fourteen. 

"KiNTH Annual Session Supreme Lodge met at 
Detroit, Michigan, June 7, 1881. Twenty-one Grand 
Lodges represented : Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indi- 
ana, Iowa, New York, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, Wis- 
consin, Tennessee, Michigan, California, Georgia, Kansas, 
Ontario, Oregon, Massachusetts, Maryland, Texas, and 
Nevada. Officers elected : Past Supreme Master Workman, 
Roderick Rose; Supreme Master W^orkman, Wm. H. Bax- 
ter, Michigan; Supreme Foreman, M. W. Fish, California; 
Supreme Overseer, Theo. Case, New York; Supreme Re- 
corder, M. W. Sackett, Pennsylvania; Supreme Receiver, 
S. S. Davis, Ohio; Supreme Guide, R. H. Flanders, Geor- 
gia; Supreme Watchman, R. M. M. Patton, Ontario; Su- 
preme Trustees, Leroy Andrus, New York ; Alex. McLean, 
Illinois, and John D. Vincil, Missouri. Total membership 
of the Order, March i, 1881, ninety-four thousand tw^o 
and twenty-two. 

Tenth Annual Session Supreme Lodge met at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, June 6, 1882. Twenty Grand Lodges 
represented : Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, New 
York, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Tennessee, 
Michigan, California, Georgia, Kansas, Ontario, Oregon, 
]\Iassachusetts, Maryland, Texas, and Nevada. Officers 
elected : Past Supreme Master Workman, J. J. Upchurch ; 
Supreme Master Workman, Wm. H. Baxter, Michigan; 
Supreme Foreman, M. W. Fish, California; Supreme Over- 
seer, Theo. A. Case, New York; Supreme Recorder, M, 

Supreme Lodge Meetings. 261 

W. Sackett, Pennsylvania ; Supreme Receiver, S. S. Davis, 
Ohio ; Supreme Guide, R. H. Flanders, Georgia ; Supreme 
Watchman, R. M. Patton, Ontario; Supreme Medical Ex- 
aminer, Wm. C. Richardson, Missouri ; Supreme Trustees, 
Alex. McLean, lUinios ; John D. Vincil, Missouri ; Leroy 
Andrus, New York. Total membership of the Order, one 
hundred and one thousand six hundred and eighty-five. 

Eleventh Annual Session Supreme Lodge met at 
Buffalo, New York, June 5, 1883. Twenty-two Grand 
Lodges represented : Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indi- 
ana, Iowa, New York, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, Wis- 
consin, Tennessee, Michigan, California, Georgia, Kansas, 
Ontario, Oregon, Massachusetts, Maryland, Texas, Nevada, 
and Colorado. Officers elected: Past Supreme Master 
Workman, Wm. H. Baxter; Supreme IMaster Workman, 
M. W. Fish, California ; Supreme Foreman, M. E. Beebe, 
New York; Supreme Overseer, Wm. G. T^Iorris, Illinois ; 
Supreme Recorder, M. W. Sackett, Pennsylvania; Supreme 
Receiver, S. S. Davis, Ohio ; Supreme Guide, T. H. Press- 
nell, Minnesota; Supreme Watchman, Wm. R. Graham, 
Iowa; Supreme Medical Examiner, Wm. C. Richardson, 
Missouri; Supreme Trustees, John D. Vincil, Missouri; 
Leroy Andrus, New York, and Samuel Eccles, Jr., Mary- 
land. Total membership of the Order, one hundred and 
eleven thousand three hundred and seventy-eight. 

Twelfth Annual Session Supreme Lodge met at 
Toronto, Ontario, June 3, 1884. Twenty-two Grand 
Lodges represented : Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indi- 
ana, Iowa, New York, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, Wis- 
consin, Tennessee, Michigan, California, Georgia, Kansas, 
Ontario, Oregon, Massachusetts, Maryland, Texas, Nevada, 
and Colorado. Officers elected : Past Supreme Master 
Workman, M. W. Fish; Supreme Master Workman, Leroy 
Andrus, New York; Supreme Foreman, Wm. G. Morris, 
Illinois; Supreme Overseer, Geo. W. Badgerow, Ontario; 
Supreme Recorder, M. W. Sackett, Pennsylvania; Supreme 
Receiver, S. S. Davis, Ohio ; Supreme Guide, G. R. Keller, 
Kentucky; Supreme Watchman, Wm. R.Graham, Iowa; 

262 Life of Father Upchurch. 

Supreme Medical Examiner, Wra. C. Richardson, Missouri ; 
Supreme Trustees, S. B. Berry, Ohio, Samuel Eccles, Jr., 
Maryland, and John D. Vincil,. Missouri. Total member- 
ship in the Order, March i, 1884, one hundred and thirty 
thousand six hundred and sixty-two. 

Thirteenth Annual Session of Supreme Lodge met 
at Des Moines, Iowa, June 2, 1885. Twenty-two Grand 
Lodges represented: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, In- 
diana, Iowa, New York, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, 
Wisconsin, Tennessee, Michigan, California, Georgia, Kan- 
sas, Ontario, Oregon, Massachusetts, Maryland, Texas, 
Nevada, and Colorado. Officers elected: Past Supreme 
Master Workman, Leroy Andrus, New York; Supreme 
Master Workman, John A. Brooks, Missouri; Supreme 
Foreman, Geo. W. Badgerow, Ontario; Supreme Overseer, 
Wm. H. Jordan, Cal.; Supreme Recorder, M. W. Sackett, 
Pennsylvania; Supreme Receiver, J. H. Lenhart, Pennsyl- 
vania; Supreme Guard, Geo. R. Keller, Kentucky; Supreme 
Watchman, Wm. R. Graham, Iowa; Supreme Medical Ex- 
aminer, Hugh Doherty, Massachusetts; Supreme Trustees, 
Sam Eccies, Jr., Maryland; John D. Vincil, Missouri, and 
S. B. Berry, Kansas. Total membership in the Order 
December 31, 1884, one hundred and forty-two thousand 
one hundred and twenty-two. 

Fourteenth Annual Session of Supreme Lodge met 
at Minneapolis, June 15, 1886. Twenty-two Grand Lodges 
represented: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Iowa, 
New York, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ten- 
nessee, Michigan, California, Georgia, Kansas, Ontario, 
Oregon, Massachusetts, Maryland, Texas, Nevada, and 
Colorado. Officers elected: Past Supreme Master Work- 
man, John A. Brooks; Supreme Master Workman, Geo. W. 
Badgerow, Ontario; Supreme Foreman, Wm. H. Jordan, 
California; Supreme Overseer, C. M. Masters, Wisconsin; 
Supreme Recorder, M. W. Sackett, Pennsylvania; Supreme 
Receiver, J. H. Lenhart, Pennsylvania; Supreme Guide, 
W. R. Graham, Iowa; Supreme Watchman, John A. Child, 
Oregon; Supreme Medical Examiner, Hugh Doherty, Mas- 

Organization of Grand Lodges. 263 

sachusetts; Supreme Trustees, John D. Vincil, Missouri; S. 
B. Berry, Kansas; H. B. Loomis, New York. Total mem- 
bership of the Order May i, 1886, one hundred and sixty- 
two thousand seven hundred and seventy-six. 


The following are the dates of the organization of the 
different Grand Lodges: Pennsylvania, July 14, 1869; Ohio, 
August 31, 1872; Kentucky, January 7, 1873; Indiana, 
August 5, 1873; Iowa, November 27, 1873; New York, 
January 27, 1874; Illinois, June 28, 1875; Missouri, April 
25, 1876; Minnesota, January, 24, 1S77; Wisconsin, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1877; Tennessee, February 22, 1877; Michigan, 
February 27, 1877; CaUfornia, November 13, 1877; Georgia, 
July 16, 1878; Kansas, February 5, 1879; Ontario, February 
18, 1879; Oregon and Washington, March 4, 1879; Mas- 
sachusetts, March 25, 1879; Maryland, New Jersey, and 
Delaware, January 19, 1880; Texas, January 23, 1880; 
Nevada, May 19, 1881; Colorado, New Mexico, and Ari- 
zona, October 10, 1882, Nebraska, June 8, 1886. 


1873 — J. J. Upchurch, Pennsylvania (founder of the 
Order), by vote of Supreme Lodge. Post-office address, 
Steelville, Missouri. 

1873 — W. H. Comstock, Pennsylvania, elected first ses- 
sion Supreme Lodge. Post-office address, North East, 

1886 — William G. Morris, Illinois, elected by vote of 
Supreme Lodge. Post-office address, 835 West Lake Street, 

1873 — W. W. Walker, Pennsylvania; post-office address, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

1874 — R. D. Handy, Kentucky; post-office address, Cov- 
ington, Kentucky. 

1875 — J. M. McNair, Pennsylvania; post-office address, 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 

1876 — C. Shryock, Kentucky; post-office address, Lex- 
ington, Kentucky. 

264 Life of Father Upchurch. 

1877— Samuel B. Myers, Pennsylvania; post-office ad- 
dress, Franklin, Pennsylvania. 

1878— M. W. Sackett, Pennsylvania; post-office address 
Meadville, Pennsylvania. ' 

1879— John Frizzell, Tennessee; post-office address 
Nashville, Tennessee. ' 

1880— Roderick Rose, Iowa; post-office address, James- 
town, Dakota. 

1 88 1— William H. Baxter, Michigan; post-office address 
Detroit, Michigan. ' 

1882— William H. Baxter, Michigan; post-office address, 
Detroit, Michigan. 

1883— M. W. Fish, California; post-office address, Oak- 
land, California. 

1884— Leroy Andrus, New York; post-office address, 
Buffalo, New York. 

1885— John A. Brooks, Missouri; post-office address, 
Kansas City, Missouri. 


1886— George W. Badgerow, Canada; post-office address, 
Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 


Overseer, St- Louis, Missouri. 

Pacific States Watchman, San Francisco, California. 

Wisco7isin A. O. U. W. Advocate, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

The Protector, Baltimore, Maryland. 

The Ca?iadian Workman, Orillia, Ontario, Canada. 

The Anchor and Shield, Paris, Illinois. 

The New Engla7id Workman, So. Boston, Massachusetts. 

Kansas Workman, Minneapolis, Kansas. 

Ohio A. O. U. W.Jourjial, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Indiana Recorder, A. O. U. W., Evansville, Indiana. 

A. O. U. W Guide, St. Paul, Minnesota. 

The Ca?iadian Overseer, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 

The A. O. U. W Argus, Buffalo, New York. 

The Loyal Master Workman, Des Moines, Iowa. 

The Fraterfial Guide, New York City. 

The A. O. U. W. Recorder, Hampstead, Texas.